Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Engaging Low-Income Families in Prevention Programs

This study has been completed.
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Deborah Gross, Rush University Medical Center Identifier:
First received: July 21, 2011
Last updated: May 6, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
The purposes of this study are to (1) study the cost-effectiveness of childcare discounts on increasing parent participation rates in a preventive parent training program called the Chicago Parent Program and (2) evaluate the efficacy of the Spanish-translated version of the Chicago Parent Program in childcare centers serving low-income families with young children.

Condition Intervention Phase
Behavioral: Parent Training and childcare discount
Other: Parent Training
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Engaging Low-Income Families in Prevention Programs

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Deborah Gross, Rush University Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in child behavior problems [ Time Frame: baseline, 3-months, 9-months, 15-months ]
    Change from baseline to 15 months later on three measures of child behavior problems are used: parent-report (CBCL), teacher-report (CTRF), and observer rating (DPICS)

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Changing in parenting behavior [ Time Frame: baseline, 3-months, 9-months, 15-months ]
    change from baseline to 15 months later on parent-report measures(parenting self-efficacy, use of corporal punishment) and observer ratings of parent behavior (use of praise, critical statements, commands, physical negative behaviors, physical positive behaviors) are evaluated

  • Participation rate [ Time Frame: baseline and 3 months ]
    Enrollment rate is measured at baseline, and number of intervention sessions attended and degree to which parents were actively engaged in the intervention sessions are measured 3 months later at post-intervention

Enrollment: 323
Study Start Date: January 2007
Study Completion Date: June 2012
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: No intervention control
Parents complete surveys only
Experimental: parent training but no discount
parent enrolled in the parent training intervention but do not receive childcare discounts for attending
Behavioral: Parent Training and childcare discount
12-session parent training intervention called the Chicago Parent Program; Childcare discount given in one arm to examine its effect on attendance rate
Other Name: Chicago Parent Program
Experimental: Parent training with discount
parents receive parent training and a childcare discount for attending
Other: Parent Training
12-session group on parenting skills and child behavior management
Other Name: Chicago Parent Program


Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • parent of 2-4 year old child enrolled in participating day care center

Exclusion Criteria:

  • parent previously participated in parent training program
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01405404

United States, Illinois
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rush University Medical Center
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Principal Investigator: Deborah A Gross, DNSc Rush University Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Deborah Gross, M.D., Rush University Medical Center Identifier: NCT01405404     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: L05031502
R01NR004085 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: July 21, 2011
Last Updated: May 6, 2013

Keywords provided by Deborah Gross, Rush University Medical Center:
parenting childcare discounts child behavior
No Intervention Control
Intervention no childcare discount
Intervention with childcare discount processed this record on May 25, 2017