Effect of Boceprevir on HCV-specific T Cell Responses (Boce-Par)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01403181
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 27, 2011
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Carlo Ferrari, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma

Brief Summary:
Analysis of HCV-specific T cell responses in patients treated with boceprevir to assess whether therapy can induce restoration of the T cell function and to what extent this recovery can be achieved

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Chronic Hepatitis C Drug: Boceprevir

Detailed Description:

Reconstitution of the antiviral T cell function may represent a component of the anti-viral effect of protease inhibitors. If T cell responsiveness is restored under therapy, potentiation of anti-viral T cell functions by exogenous T cell stimulation might be exploited to complement and to further improve response to available therapies. Monitoring the T cell function might also be useful to predict more accurately response to therapy.

To address these issues, phenotype and function of HCV-specific T cells will be analyzed longitudinally before, during and after therapy in naïve genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C patients treated with peginterferon plus ribavirin or with peginterferon and ribavirin plus boceprevir. To analyze the global CD4 and CD8 reactivity against all structural and non-structural HCV proteins a wide panel of peptides corresponding to the whole HCV genome of genotype 1 will be employed. To further analyze CD8 reactivity, HLA-A2/peptide tetramers will be used in HLA-A2 positive patients to directly quantify ex vivo HCV-specific CD8 cells circulating in the peripheral blood.The T cell function will be analyzed as capacity of expansion in vitro, cytokine production and cytotoxicity.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Effect of Boceprevir Therapy on HCV-specific T Cell Responses: Perspectives of Immune Monitoring and Immune Therapy
Study Start Date : April 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Chronic hepatitis C
  • 10 naïve genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C patients treated with PEG plus RBV (control arm)
  • 20 naïve genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C patients treated with a response guided therapy consisting of Boceprevir in combination with PEG plus RBV (experimental arm)
Drug: Boceprevir

In the experimental arm boceprevir (800 mg orally three times daily), PEG-IFN and ribavirin will be given for 24 weeks after the lead-in; the patients who will have undetectable HCV-RNA at week 8 will stop treatment at week 28; those who will be HCV-RNA positive at any visit between week 8 and 24 will receive an additional 20 weeks of PEG + RBV. Treatment will be discontinued if HCV-RNA is positive at week 24.

Immunological analysis will be performed longitudinally at the following time points: week -4, 0, 4 (end of lead-in), 8, 12, 24, 48, week 24 of follow-up. HCV-RNA will be quantified at the same time points and viremia will be correlated with immunological data.

Other Name: Peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Levels of HCV-specific T cell functions before, during and after therapy to measure functional restoration induced by therapy [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Capacity of expansion, cytokine production (IFN-γ, IL-2 and TNF-α) and cytotoxicity expressed by HCV-specific T cells will be analyzed longitudinally at different time points before, during and after therapy

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Correlation of quality and intensity of pre-treatment HCV-specific T cell responses with outcome of therapy [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To assess whether different levels of efficiency of pre-treatment antiviral T cell responses can predict response to treatment.

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Sera and peripheral blood lymphomononuclear cells

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Naïve genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C patients

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible for participation in this study.

  • Male or female, aged from 18 to 70 years old, inclusive.
  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent
  • Chronic HCV infection for at least 6 month prior to baseline (Day 1) in subjects currently positive for HCV-RNA and anti-HCV antibody documented by:
  • A positive anti-HCV antibody test, positive HCV-RNA assay, or HCV genotype test at least 6 month prior to baseline (Day 1) or
  • A liver biopsy performed prior to baseline (Day 1) with evidence of chronic HCV infection
  • Subjects must have liver biopsy results (performed no more than two years prior the screening) indicating the absence of cirrhosis
  • HCV infection limited to genotype 1
  • Detectable plasma HCV-RNA at screening
  • BMI between 18 and 36 Kg/m2
  • Eligible subjects must also be HCV treatment-naïve, defined as no prior exposure to PEG-INF and ribavirin, and must be eligible to standard of care therapy with PEG/RBV
  • Subjects must have the following laboratory parameters at screening:

ALT and AST ≤ 5 x upper limit of normal range (ULN) Hemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 12 g/dl WBC ≥ 2.500 cells/μL with absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500 cells/μL If a woman of childbearing potential, must have negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) pregnancy test documented at the screening visit and a negative serum or urine pregnancy test before the first dose of study drug to ensure that they are not pregnant at the time of starting treatment A female subjects of childbearing potential and nonvasectomized male subjects with a female partners of childbearing potential must agree that they and their partner will use effective contraception (two separate forms of contraception simultaneously, one of which must be a male condom with spermicide) from screening throughout the duration of study treatment and for at least 7 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women or women who may wish to become pregnant during the course of the study
  • Male with a female who is pregnant or is planning to become pregnant within seven month the study of anticipated last dose of ribavirin
  • Evidence of infection or co-infection with a no-genotype 1 HCV-strain
  • History of hemoglobinopathy
  • History of sarcoidosis
  • History of invasive malignancy diagnosed or treated within 5 years.
  • Untreated or significant psychiatric illnesses including severe depression, schizophrenia, psychosis, history of a suicide attempt
  • Co-infection with HBV or HIV
  • Chronic use of systemic immunosuppressive agents
  • Presence of autoimmune disorders; subjects with treated hypothyroidism with normal TSH may be enrolled
  • History of significant cardiac disease
  • Clinical evidence of chronic pulmonary disease
  • Known cirrhosis
  • History of solid organ transplantation
  • Suspicion of hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Chronic liver disease of a non-HCV etiology
  • Ongoing alcohol abuse
  • History of clinical relevant drug abuse
  • Positive urine screen for cocaine, opiate etc, or methadone use

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01403181

Unit of Infectious Diseases and Hepatology
Parma, Italy, 43126
Sponsors and Collaborators
Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma
Principal Investigator: Carlo Ferrari, MD Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma

Responsible Party: Carlo Ferrari, MD, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma Identifier: NCT01403181     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AZOSPA
First Posted: July 27, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 6, 2013
Last Verified: November 2013

Keywords provided by Carlo Ferrari, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma:
T cells

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis, Chronic
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Peginterferon alfa-2b
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents