Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

A Follow-On Study With an H5 Influenza Vaccine for Subjects Who Participated in Study FLU-001

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Inovio Pharmaceuticals Identifier:
First received: July 25, 2011
Last updated: October 26, 2012
Last verified: October 2012
DNA vaccines consist of small pieces of DNA also known as plasmids, and have several potential advantages over traditional vaccines. Thus far, DNA vaccines appear to be well tolerated in humans. The investigators have developed a DNA vaccine, INO-3401, which includes plasmids targeting the proteins of the H5N1 avian influenza virus. The vaccine will be delivered via electroporation (EP) which uses the CELLECTRA constant current device to deliver a small electric charge following injection, since animal studies have shown that this delivery method increases the immune response to vaccine. The vaccine will be given to up 30 healthy adult subjects who have participated in study FLU-001. It is hypothesized that a booster dose with INO-3401 + EP will be well tolerated and immunogenic.

Condition Intervention Phase
Biological: INO-3401 + EP
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Inovio Pharmaceuticals:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety [ Time Frame: Day 0 through Month 9 ]
    Frequency and severity of local and systemic reactogenicity, signs and symptoms, adverse events and serious adverse events.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Humoral and cellular immune responses [ Time Frame: Day 0 through Month 9 ]
    Magnitude and frequency of antibody and cell-mediated immune responses to influenza proteins.

  • Tolerability [ Time Frame: Day 0 and Month 3 ]
    Tolerability by Visual Analog Scale (VAS)

Enrollment: 22
Study Start Date: May 2011
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: August 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: All subjects
All subjects will receive 0.9mg/mL of study vaccine (INO-3401 DNA plasmid vaccine) at Day o and Month 3.
Biological: INO-3401 + EP
All subjects will receive 0.9mg/mL of study vaccine (INO-3401 DNA plasmid vaccine)at Day 0 and Month 3.

Detailed Description:

The use of DNA plasmids containing genes that express viral antigens may be a promising way to formulate a vaccine that can effectively prevent infection and disease caused by the H5N1 avian influenza virus. Plasmid vectors are simple to construct and are easy to manufacture at a relatively low cost. Vaccination with plasmids that express influenza proteins should induce the development of serum antibodies and might also induce significant quantities of secretory IgA antibodies and/or CMI. The DNA sequences included in the vaccine could also result in the proliferation of T lymphocytes that could broaden the effectiveness of the vaccine to include variant strains of H5N1 with antigenically modified HA (i.e., drifted strains).

Electroporation (EP) is a technology in which a transmembrane electrical field is applied to increase the permeability of cell membranes to create microscopic pathways (pores) and thereby enhance the uptake of drugs, vaccines, or other agents into target cells. Their presence allows macromolecules, ions, and water to pass from one side of the membrane to the other. The presence of a constant field influences the kinetics of directional translocation of the macromolecular plasmid, such that the plasmid delivery in vivo has been sufficient to achieve physiological levels of secreted proteins. Intradermal (ID) injection of plasmid followed by EP has been used very successfully to deliver therapeutic genes that encode for a variety of hormones, cytokines, or enzymes in a variety of species. EP is currently being used in humans to deliver cancer vaccines and therapeutics as well as in gene therapy. The expression levels are increased by as much as 3 orders of magnitude over plasmid injection alone.

The use of EP via the CELLECTRA® device should increase the expression of H5N1 influenza virus genes in the INO-3401 DNA vaccine.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent in accordance with institutional guidelines. If required by local law, candidates must also authorize the release and use of protected health information (PHI);
  • Enrollment in and received at least one vaccination in study FLU-001;
  • Adults of either gender 18-50 years of age at entry;
  • Healthy subjects as judged by the Investigator based on medical history, physical examination, and negative pregnancy test for Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) prior to enrollment and administration of study drug;
  • Current nonsmoker;
  • WOCBP agree to remain sexually abstinent, use medically effective contraception (oral contraception, barrier methods, spermicide, etc), or have a partner who is sterile (i.e.,vasectomy) through Month 4 of the study;
  • Able and willing to comply with all study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with grade 3 or 4 CPK elevation;
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding subjects;
  • Any concurrent condition requiring the continued use of systemic or topical steroids at or near the injection site (excluding inhaled and eye drop-containing corticosteroids) or the use of other immunosuppressive agents. All other corticosteroids must be discontinued > 4 weeks prior to Day 0 of study vaccine administration;
  • Administration of any blood product within 3 months of enrollment;
  • Prior receipt of an H5N1 influenza vaccine at any time;
  • Subjects with a contraindications to influenza vaccination other than egg allergy (such as a history of Guillain-Barre Syndrome after receiving influenza vaccine);
  • Administration of any vaccine other than VGX-3400X within 6 weeks of enrollment;
  • Subject is currently participating or has participated in a study with an investigational compound other than FLU-001 within 30 days of signing informed consent;
  • Subjects with cardiac pre-excitation syndromes (such as Wolff-Parkinson-White);
  • Subjects with a history of seizures (unless seizure free for 5 years);
  • Subjects with tattoos, scars, or active lesions/rashes within 2 cm of the site of vaccination/EP;
  • Subjects with any implantable leads;
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements;
  • Prisoners or subjects who are compulsorily detained (involuntarily incarcerated) for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (i.e. infections disease) illness must not be enrolled into this study;
  • Any other conditions judged by the investigator that would limit the evaluation of a subject.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01403155

United States, Kansas
Vince and Associates Clinical Research
Overland Park, Kansas, United States
United States, Maryland
Rockville, Maryland, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Inovio Pharmaceuticals
Study Director: Mark Bagarazzi, MD Inovio Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Inovio Pharmaceuticals Identifier: NCT01403155     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: FLU-002
Study First Received: July 25, 2011
Last Updated: October 26, 2012

Keywords provided by Inovio Pharmaceuticals:
Avian Influenza
DNA Vaccine
Intradermal (ID) Injection
Healthy Adults

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 28, 2017