Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a unique form of accelerated plaque formation seen in the coronary arteries of patients who have received heart transplantation. It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients after heart transplant. Little progress has been made in characterizing this disease process, with more sophisticated imaging allowing for more detailed analysis of CAV, superior stratification of transplant recipients is possible and earlier interventions can be performed if necessary to prevent mortality and graft loss.
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a novel imaging modality with much higher resolution then Intra-Vascular Ultrasound (IVUS). This study will involve examining patients post-heart transplant using this high-resolution imaging modality. It is currently the standard care for patients post-heart transplant to receive annual coronary angiograms with close follow up. Patients will be imaged using OCT at the time of their routine annual angiogram, and will be re-imaged one year later at the time of the next annual angiogram or earlier if clinically indicated. The study goal is to better characterize CAV in vivo with OCT imaging and to try to identify patterns of the disease, including intra-coronary risk assessment.
Primary Outcome Measures:
- Oberservational study. There are no specific outcome measures [ Time Frame: prior to end of study ]
| Actual Study Start Date:
||August 18, 2011
| Study Completion Date:
| Primary Completion Date:
||January 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
This study will involve imaging up to 100 patients at different points in time post heart transplant as part of their standard of care, with various degrees of disease and with different lesion subtypes. Imaging will take place at the time of routine coronary angiogram, which is standard of care in this patient population,or when clinically indicated. In prior studies using IVUS todetect CAV, the yield was significantly higher with multi-vessels imaged. OCT is an intravascular light-based imaging modality that measures the intensity of reflected light waves and converts these echoes into a high-resolution tomographic image. It is a catheter-based invasive imaging system analogous to IVUS but uses light as opposed to ultrasound to generate in vivo images of coronary arteries. It has the highest resolution of any intravascular imaging modality, capable of obtaining detailed cross-sectional images of coronary arteries in vivo at a resolution of 10 um or near histologic. This device, which is FDA approved for intracoronary evaluation, has been used in evaluating patients with coronary artery disease, specifically for plaque composition analysis, as well as for proper stent deployment after percutaneous intervention.