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Safety & Efficacy of Eculizumab to Prevent AMR in Living Donor Kidney Transplant Recipients Requiring Desensitization

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01399593
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Did not achieve statistical significance for primary endpoint)
First Posted : July 22, 2011
Results First Posted : April 19, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 3, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The purpose of this trial was to determine the safety and efficacy of eculizumab in the prevention of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in sensitized recipients of a living donor kidney transplant requiring desensitization therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Antibody Mediated Rejection Drug: Eculizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of eculizumab to prevent AMR in sensitized recipients of living donor kidney transplants requiring desensitization therapy prior to transplantation. The primary endpoint focused on acute AMR during the first 9 weeks post-transplantation.

Patients were to be vaccinated against N. meningitidis at least 14 days prior to study drug initiation and revaccinated 30 days later. If not vaccinated 14 days prior, prophylactic antibiotics were to be administered. Pre-transplant infectious disease assessment was to be performed as part of the screening assessment.

Patients were to undergo desensitization therapy according to the practice of the local transplant center prior to transplantation, and this desensitization practice was to be uniformly applied for all patients at that center throughout the study. The actual length of desensitization for an individual patient was based on the clinical judgment of the Transplant Center team. Rituximab was prohibited in all patients as part of the pre-transplantation desensitization therapy due to potential pharmacodynamic interactions.

The control group was designed to test eculizumab against the best available care (referred to as standard of care, or SOC) consisting of plasmapheresis (PP) and/or intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). The best available care consisting of PP and IVIg was chosen because these modalities combined represented the most prevalent therapy reported in the literature and were the best available therapies at the time of this protocol's inception as per the transplant community.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 102 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Open-label, Multicenter Trial to Determine Safety and Efficacy of Eculizumab in the Prevention of Antibody Mediated Rejection (AMR) in Living Donor Kidney Transplant Recipients Requiring Desensitization Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : November 2, 2011
Primary Completion Date : May 13, 2014
Study Completion Date : November 13, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Eculizumab
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Eculizumab
Patients were to receive eculizumab 1200 mg prior to allograft transplantation (Day 0, starting approximately one hour prior to kidney allograft reperfusion), eculizumab 900 mg (Days 1, 7, 14, 21, and 28), and eculizumab 1200 mg (Weeks 5, 7 and 9). All doses of eculizumab were administered intravenously: the median infusion time was 39 minutes.
Drug: Eculizumab
Other Name: Soliris
No Intervention: Standard of Care
Patients received standard of care (SOC) prophylactic therapy for acute AMR according to the SOC choice at each participating investigative site, which could have included any combination of plasmapheresis (PP) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). Patients randomized to SOC who were diagnosed with AMR could have received eculizumab for the treatment of AMR after initially receiving PP and/or IVIg.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment Failure Rate [ Time Frame: 9 weeks post-transplantation ]
    The primary efficacy variable was a binary outcome variable where patients meeting the composite endpoint of the occurrence of 1) biopsy-proven acute AMR, 2) graft loss, 3) patient death, or 4) loss to follow-up definition at Week 9 post-transplantation were considered treatment failures and all others were considered treatment successes.


Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female patients ≥18 years old
  2. Patients with Stage IV or Stage V chronic kidney disease who will receive a kidney transplant from a living donor to whom they are sensitized and require desensitization prior to transplantation

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. ABO incompatible with living donor
  2. Any medical condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, might interfere with the patient's participation in the study, poses an added risk for the patient, or confounds the assessment of the patient
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01399593


  Show 41 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alexion Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Director: Masayo Ogawa, MD Alexion Pharmaceuticals
More Information

Responsible Party: Alexion Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01399593     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C10-001
2010-019630-28 ( EudraCT Number )
BB-IND: 100,003 ( Other Identifier: FDA IND: 100,003 )
First Posted: July 22, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 19, 2017
Last Update Posted: October 3, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Alexion Pharmaceuticals:
Antibody Mediated Rejection
AMR
Acute Humoral Rejection
AHR
Living Donor
Kidney Transplant