Dexamethasone Versus Depo Medrol in Lumbar Epidurals

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01397552
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Low enrollment, too many subjects getting second injection)
First Posted : July 19, 2011
Last Update Posted : April 26, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
William Lavelle, State University of New York - Upstate Medical University

Brief Summary:
Comparison of Dexamethasone versus Depo Medrol when used in lumbar epidural injections will be conducted on subjects that have not had previous injections or have not had an injection in the last 12 months. Subjects must be receiving one level injection and not had prior surgery at that level.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lumbar Spine Disc Herniation Lumbar Radiculitis Lumbar Back Pain Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: methylprednisolone acetate Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Central Epidural Steroid Injections (ESI) and Selective Nerve Root Blocks (SNRB) are often used for the non-surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniations and lumbar radiculitis (radiating pain). Numerous authors have reported on their value in treating patients with radicular pain with the possibility of delaying or even obviating the need for surgery in well-selected patients.. There are two well-performed clinical studies in the peer-reviewed medical literature that specifically examined the crossover rates to surgery for patients who received either ESI or SNRB. In a prospective study, Buttermann et al. found a crossover rate to surgery for patients with symptomatic disc herniations treated with ESI of 54% (27/50) . In a separate prospective study, Riew et al. followed patients after selective nerve root blocks and found that similarly 53% (29/55) of their patients had avoided surgery after a selective nerve root block during their initial follow-up of 13-28 months. In a later study that followed that same population, 76% (16/21) of those patients who had avoided surgery at one year still avoided surgery at a minimum of five year follow-up.

Epidural steroid injections are a common treatment option for patients with disc herniations and radiating leg pain. They have been used for low back problems since 1922 and are still an integral part of the non-surgical management of a variety of spine related problems. The goal of the injection is reduction in pain, increased quality of life and increased function.

Most practitioners will agree that, while the effects of the injection tend to be temporary-providing relief from pain for one week up to one year-an epidural can be very beneficial for a patient during an acute episode of back and/or leg pain. Importantly, an injection can provide sufficient pain relief to allow a patient to progress with a rehabilitative stretching and exercise program.

Many previous studies on epidural injections did not include use of fluoroscopy or xray to verify proper placement of the medication despite the fact that fluoroscopic guidance is routinely used today. Additionally, many studies do not classify patients according to diagnosis and tend to "lump" different types, sources of pain together.

Commonly used steroid preparations include betamethasone, triamcinolone, dexamethasone and methylprednisolone. Unfortunately, there is no consensus regarding the most effective medication, dose, volume or frequency used for ESIs.

This investigator-initiated study is being conducted to compare the effects of epidural injections on low back pain when using either dexamethasone or methylprednisolone (Depo-Medrol). The physicians listed would like to compare these two medications to assess if one is more effective than the other. Both medications are FDA approved and are not experimental.

Dexamethasone is the only nonparticulate corticosteroid, has a rapid onset that acts as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant.

Depo-Medrol is a synthetic steroid (cortisone) medication which also acts as an anti-inflammatory when physicians administer an epidural for relief of low back pain.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Study to Compare the Effects of Dexamethasone Versus Depo-Medrol When Used in Lumbar Epidural Injections
Study Start Date : September 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Dexamethasone
Subjects randomized to receive dexamethasone, will undergo epidural using this medication, however the physician and subject will be blinded
Drug: Dexamethasone
10 mg/mL injected into lumbar spine, one level, one injection

Active Comparator: methylprednisolone acetate
Subjects randomized to receive methylprednisolone acetate, will undergo epidural using this medication, however the physician and subject will be blinded
Drug: methylprednisolone acetate
80 mg of methylprednisolone acetate will be given in the lumbar spine, one level, one time
Other Name: Depo-Medrol

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine if one medication is better at relieving pain than the other. [ Time Frame: 12 wk post injection ]
    Subjects will be asked to return at 2 wks, 6 wks and 12 weeks the above time points to complete outcome measurements questionnaires and undergo a neurological examination, the 12 weeks outcome should show improvement s/p injection

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Chronic low back pain of radicular origin of > 4 weeks but < 6 months
  2. Failure of conservative therapy to include physical therapy and pharmacotherapy
  3. Patient is at least 21 years of age
  4. Patient is willing to be blinded to treatment until after the 12 week post injection visit.
  5. Patient is willing and able to review and sign the study informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient has a mental or physical condition that would invalidate evaluation results.
  2. Patient has had prior lumbar surgery at any level.
  3. Patient is scheduled to have more than one level of steroid injection.
  4. Patient is pregnant
  5. Patient has systemic infection at the proposed injection site
  6. Patient has osteopenia osteoporosis, or osteomalacia
  7. Patient has a disease of bone metabolism
  8. Patient has history of renal insufficiency or kidney disease of any kind
  9. Patient is undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment
  10. Patient is currently involved in a study of another product for similar purpose
  11. Patient requires post op management with NSAIDS
  12. Patient has know allergy to corticosteroids, contrast dye or anesthetics
  13. Patient is unable to speak/read English
  14. Patient is a prisoner

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01397552

United States, New York
Upstate Orthpedics
East Syracuse, New York, United States, 13057
Sponsors and Collaborators
State University of New York - Upstate Medical University
Principal Investigator: Suehun Ho, MD State University of New York - Upstate Medical University

Responsible Party: William Lavelle, Associate Professor, State University of New York - Upstate Medical University Identifier: NCT01397552     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB 5824
First Posted: July 19, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 26, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Back Pain
Low Back Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Prednisolone acetate
Methylprednisolone acetate
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents