The Effects of Medical Clowns in Children Undergoing Blood Tests

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01396876
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 19, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Brief Summary:
The investigators hypothesized that the participation of therapeutic clowns in the pediatric emergency department procedure room would reduce anxiety, improve the level of cooperation children can provide and avoid some of the adverse effects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pain Anxiety Behavioral: clown Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Research has demonstrated that cognitive psychological techniques, including distraction, can increase pain tolerance. Humor can be an important intervention, able to reduce stress to both the child and the parent. In the last decade there has been a rapid growth in the presence of therapeutic clowns in hospital, particularly in pediatric settings. If therapeutic clowns are shown to positively affect any of the parameters being measured in this study, they should be included as aprt of the standard of care in the pediatric emergency setting.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of the Effect of Hospital Clown's Performance in the Procedure Room of a Pediatric Emergency Department: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Study Start Date : July 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anxiety

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Clown
A clown is present during venipuncture
Behavioral: clown
a distraction technique is performed by a clown during venipuncture

No Intervention: No clown

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pain score [ Time Frame: at the end of the procedure ]
    recorded by the child

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Parental anxiety level [ Time Frame: at the end of the procedure ]
    recorded by the parent

  2. Procedure's success rate [ Time Frame: at the end of the procedure ]
    recorded by the nurse

  3. Overall report of procedure's comfort [ Time Frame: at the end of the procedure ]
    recorded by the nurse

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 10 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children needing venous blood sampling or the insertion of an intravenous canula

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children whose blood work or intravenous line must be accomplished rapidly for therapeutic reasons
  • Absence of a parent during the procedure
  • Abnormal development according to parents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01396876

Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Tel-Aviv, Israel
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Ayelet Rimon, MD Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

Responsible Party: Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Identifier: NCT01396876     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TASMC-11-SR-525-CTIL
First Posted: July 19, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 19, 2014
Last Verified: June 2014

Keywords provided by Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center:
Medical clown
Pediatric emergency medicine
Emergency procedures