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Cell Samples From Patients With Leukemia

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group Identifier:
First received: July 14, 2011
Last updated: May 17, 2016
Last verified: May 2016

RATIONALE: Studying samples of blood and tissue from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about cancer and the development of drug resistance in patients. It may also help doctors find better ways to treat cancer.

PURPOSE: This research trial is studying samples from patients with leukemia.

Condition Intervention
Drug: in vitro sensitivity-directed chemotherapy
Other: cell proliferation assay
Other: fluorescence activated cell sorting
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: microscopy

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Xenotransplantation of Primary Leukemia Samples Into Zebrafish

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Children's Oncology Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Primary human leukemia samples capable to survive and proliferate in the zebrafish embryo
  • In vivo confirmation of anti-proliferative or toxic effects of known chemotherapeutic agents on the transplanted cells
  • Effects of novel anticancer drugs and/or their combinations on individual samples

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
cell samples

Estimated Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: July 2011
Primary Completion Date: May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:


  • Demonstrate the capability of primary human leukemia samples to survive and proliferate in the zebrafish embryo.
  • Confirm the anti-proliferative or toxic effects of known chemotherapeutics on the transplanted cells in vivo.
  • Evaluate the effect of novel anticancer drugs and/or their combinations on individual samples.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Cryopreserved specimens are injected into the yolk sac of zebrafish embryos under anesthesia. After 1 hour of recovery at 28° C, embryos are maintained at 38° C and screened for fluorescence at the injection site. Within 48 hours post-injection, some embryos are treated with various chemotherapeutic drugs or dimethyl sulfoxide and incubated in protease solution. Proliferation of leukemia cells are monitored by live-cell microscopy. Cells with or without drug treatment are then extracted at 24 and 72 hours post-injection. Leukemia cells are counted and tested with imatinib mesylate, all-trans retinoic acid (tretinoin), cytosine arabinose, and known bioactive chemical compounds from promising drug families, such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors, antiapoptotic agents, channel modulators, and prostaglandin agonists.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 30 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients diagnosed with myeloid disease.


  • Samples of blood and tissue cells from patients diagnosed with myeloid disease including the following subtypes:

    • Chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), to complement initial studies in the K562 CML cell line
    • Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), to complement initial studies in the NB4 APL cell line
    • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) expressing the t(8;21)(q22;q22) translocation, which occurs in approximately 12% of pediatric AML and is associated with good prognosis
    • AML expressing 5q- or monosomy 7, associated with a poor prognosis
    • AML expressing the fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD), associated with a poor prognosis


  • Not specified


  • Not specified
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01395628

Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Jason N. Berman, MD IWK Health Centre
  More Information

Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group Identifier: NCT01395628     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AAML11B13
COG-AAML11B13 ( Other Identifier: Children's Oncology Group )
AAML11B13 ( Other Identifier: Children's Oncology Group )
NCI-2011-02863 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Study First Received: July 14, 2011
Last Updated: May 17, 2016

Keywords provided by Children's Oncology Group:
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
childhood acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
childhood acute myeloid leukemia/other myeloid malignancies
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with del(5q)
adult acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms processed this record on April 28, 2017