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Alemtuzumab on Surrogate Markers of Disease Activity and Repair Using Advanced MRI Measures in Subjects With Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01395316
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 15, 2011
Last Update Posted : January 13, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The MRI study is designed to identify possible mechanisms by which alemtuzumab acts to protect the brain from inflammation and how it may enhance repair through remyelination.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Drug: Alemtuzumab Phase 4

Detailed Description:
To identify specific changes in T cell subsets and functions in Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Alemtuzumab on Surrogate Markers of Disease Activity and Repair Using Advanced MRI Measures in Subjects With Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Study Start Date : June 2011
Primary Completion Date : October 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Alemtuzumab
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Alemtuzumab
Single arm, single cohort study, all subjects will be dosed with alemtuzumab.
Drug: Alemtuzumab
10 mg/ml alemtuzumab intravenous infusion, sterile clear, colorless solution. dosage: 2 cycles. Month 0 dosed over 5 consecutive days: month 12 dosed over 3 consecutive days.
Other Names:
  • CamPath
  • MabPath

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Diffusion and myelin fraction water changes on MRI [ Time Frame: 24 months ]

    Changes in normal appearing white matter from baseline through month 24.

    The MRI is designed to identify possible mechanisms by which alemtuzumab acts to protect the brain from inflammation and how it may enhance repair through remyelination.

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Signed, informed consent form (ICF)
  2. Age 18 to 50 years old (inclusive) as of signing the ICF
  3. Diagnosis of MS per update of McDonald criteria, and cranial MRI scan demonstrating white matter lesions attributable to MS within 10 years of screening
  4. Onset of MS symptoms (as determined by a neurologist) within 15 years of screening
  5. EDSS score 0.0 to 5.0 (inclusive)
  6. >=2 MS attacks (first episode or relapse) occurring in the 24 months prior to screening, with >=1 attack in the 12 months prior to screening, with objective neurological signs confirmed by a physician
  7. Subjects previously enrolled and randomized to interferon beta 1a in the CARE-MS 323 and 324 studies, and who will be treated with Alemtuzumab through the CARE-MS extension study will be eligible to participate in the immunology and MRI studies of this protocol.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Received prior therapy for MS other than corticosteroids within 28 days of screening; e.g., interferons, IV immunoglobulin, and glatiramer acetate
  2. Exposure to natalizumab within 6 months of screening
  3. Any prior exposure to mitoxantrone, mycophenolate mofetil, azathioprine, cladribine, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine A, methotrexate, rituximab, or any other immunosuppressive agent other than systemic corticosteroid treatment
  4. Has any progressive form of MS
  5. History of malignancy (exception for basal cell skin carcinoma)
  6. Previous hypersensitivity reaction to other immunoglobulin product
  7. Intolerance of pulsed corticosteroids, especially a history of steroid psychosis
  8. CD4+, CD8+, or CD19+ (i.e., absolute CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+, or CD19+/mm3) count <LLN at Screening; if abnormal cell count(s) return to within normal limits, eligibility may be reassessed
  9. Seropositivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  10. Significant autoimmune disease (e.g, immune cytopenias, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, other connective tissue disorders; vasculitis; inflammatory bowel disease; severe psoriasis)
  11. Presence of anti-thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (TSHR) antibodies
  12. Active infection, e.g, deep-tissue infection, that the Investigator considers sufficiently serious to preclude study participation
  13. Latent tuberculosis unless effective anti-tuberculosis therapy has been completed, or active tuberculosis. Patients will be assessed for this risk based on a screening questionnaire.
  14. Infection with hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus
  15. Of childbearing potential with a positive serum pregnancy test
  16. Unwilling to agree to use a reliable and acceptable contraceptive method throughout the study period
  17. Major psychiatric disorder that is not adequately controlled by treatment
  18. Epileptic seizures that are not adequately controlled by treatment
  19. Major systemic disease or other illness that would, in the opinion of the Investigator, compromise patient safety or interfere with the interpretation of study results
  20. Medical, psychiatric, cognitive, or other conditions that, in the Investigator's opinion, compromise the patient's ability to understand the patient information, to give informed consent, to comply with the trial protocol, or to complete the study
  21. Confirmed platelet count < the lower limit of normal (LLN) of the evaluating laboratory at Screening or documented at <100,000/uL within the past year on a sample without clumping
  22. Prior history of invasive fungal infections
  23. Cervical high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) positivity or abnormal cervical cytology other than abnormal squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS). The patient may be eligible after the condition has been effectively treated (eg, follow-up HPV test is negative or cervical abnormality has been treated).
  24. Seropositive for Trypanosoma cruzi or the Human T-lymphotropic virus type I or type II (HTLV-I/II) (testing required in endemic regions only)
  25. Any other illness or infection (latent or active) that, in the Investigator's opinion, could be exacerbated by alemtuzumab treatment
  26. Any hepatic or renal function value grade 2 or higher at Screening, with the exception of hyperbilirubinemia due to Gilbert's syndrome. See Table below, drawn from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v3.0 (CTCAE), published 09 August 2006
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01395316

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Chicago
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Principal Investigator: Adil Javed, MD University of Chicago
More Information

Responsible Party: University of Chicago
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01395316     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10-490B
First Posted: July 15, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 13, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents