Efficacy and Safety of Combination of Brompheniramine and Phenylephrine for the Symptoms Relief of Rhinitis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ache Laboratorios Farmaceuticos S.A.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: October 27, 2010
Last updated: March 15, 2016
Last verified: March 2016
This is a multicenter clinical trial, phase III, superiority, controlled by active medicine, double-blind, randomized, enroll 166 children, over 12 years old, with acute inflammation upper airway, characterized by nasal congestion and runny nose, lasting at least 24 hours and a maximum of 48 hours prior to inclusion. The subjects will be allocated in 2 parallel groups, and will receive the medicines of study, according of the randomization.

Condition Intervention Phase
Nasal Congestion and Inflammations
Drug: Group 1
Drug: Group 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicenter Clinical Trial, Phase III, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled, Comparative for Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Fixed Dose Combination of Brompheniramine Maleate + Phenylephrine Chlorhydrate for the Treatment of Nasal Congestion and Runny Nose Present in Acute Crisis of Viral Rhinitis (Common Cold) and Allergic Reactions, in Patients Over 12 Years Old

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Ache Laboratorios Farmaceuticos S.A.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Improvement of nasal congestion and runny nose, after 48 hours of treatment [ Time Frame: 48 hours after single dose of double-blind treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Improvement is defined as a reduction of at least one point on the rating scale, in both nasal symptoms, after 48 hours of treatment.

    Participants were evaluated (self-assessment) for pain intensity by using a 4-point rating scale: 0=none, 1=mild, 2=moderate, and 3=severe.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall score of nasal and extranasal symptoms (nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, watery eyes and itching) [ Time Frame: After 2 and 5 (± 1) days of treatment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Clinical score of upper airway compromise [ Time Frame: After 2 and 5 (± 1) days of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of subjects who used at least once the rescue medication [ Time Frame: Within 2 days and the period of 5 (± 1) days of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Safety descriptive about occurence of adverse events, evaluation of results of general physical examination. [ Time Frame: Will be evaluated during the 5(± 1) days of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Collection of safety data throughout the whole study period

Enrollment: 167
Study Start Date: July 2014
Study Completion Date: December 2014
Primary Completion Date: October 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1
Fixed dose combination of brompheniramine + phenylephrine.
Drug: Group 1
Brompheniramine + phenylephrine
Placebo Comparator: Group 2
Drug: Group 2


Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients over 12 years old, of both sexes, remaining the feasibility of a legal representant according to need, able to understand and provide ICF and able to allow compliance to treatment and the requirements of the protocol, according to age group;
  2. Patients with symptoms of acute inflammation upper airway, starting between 24 and 48 hours of their inclusion in this study protocol;
  3. Presence of runny nose classification moderate or severe (score 2 or 3), according the responsible evaluation,
  4. Presence of nasal congestion classification moderate or severe (score 2 or 3), according the responsible evaluation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients under 12 years old or weight less than 40kg;
  2. History of nasal obstruction in chronic rhinosinusitis and / or nasal polyposis;
  3. Oral chronic respirator with history for six months;
  4. Personal history of nasal surgery that in the opinion of the investigator can influence the resistance to nasal airflow;
  5. Patients who have a clinical history confirmed (diagnosed) with asthma;
  6. Patients under medicine treatment for chronic allergy;
  7. Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease;
  8. Presence of psychiatric illness of any kind;
  9. Presence of mental retardation from any cause;
  10. Diagnosis of renal or hepatic failure;
  11. Patients with genetic syndromes;
  12. History of hypersensitivity to (s) drug (s) of study or their excipients;
  13. Use of prohibited medicine within the prescribed period before the V0 - Inclusion Visit (Table 1);
  14. Patients who participated in the last 12 months, of clinical trials protocols;
  15. Patients who didn´t updated vaccine book, according to age group;
  16. Relatives of sponsor´s or study site´s employee;
  17. Suggestive signs of bacterial infection of upper airways at rhinoscopy, otoscopy or oroscopy;
  18. Presence of anemic/inflamed turbinate at anterior rhinoscopy;
  19. Presence of septal deviation grade II and III (in any region and any nasal cavity) and / or nasal polyps, or other conditions determinants of nasal obstruction;
  20. Presence of purulent or mucopurulent secretion, nasal vault or mal formations (cleft lip or cleft nasolabial corrected or not) in nasal vestibule;
  21. Current evidence of clinically significant diseases: hematopoietic, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal, neurological, endocrine, psychiatric, autoimmune, pulmonary, or another disease that block the patient participation;
  22. Any finding of clinical observation (anamnesis and physical exam) laboratory abnormality (eg, blood glucose, blood count), disease (for example, liver, cardiovascular system, lung) or therapy that, in opinion of the investigator, may endanger the patient or interfere with the endpoints of study.
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01393561

Sponsors and Collaborators
Ache Laboratorios Farmaceuticos S.A.
Principal Investigator: Fábio M Castro IMA
  More Information

Responsible Party: Ache Laboratorios Farmaceuticos S.A.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01393561     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACH-DCN-03(04/10) 
Study First Received: October 27, 2010
Last Updated: March 15, 2016
Health Authority: Brazil: Ethics Committee
Brazil: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Ache Laboratorios Farmaceuticos S.A.:
Common cold
Nasal symptoms

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nose Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Adrenergic Agents
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Anti-Allergic Agents
Autonomic Agents
Cardiotonic Agents
Histamine Agents
Histamine Antagonists
Histamine H1 Antagonists
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nasal Decongestants
Neurotransmitter Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Vasoconstrictor Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 22, 2016