Effects of N-acetylcysteine on Brain Chemistry and Behavior in Cocaine Abusers (NAC) (NAC)
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a medication that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved for several medical uses, such as dissolving mucus in patients with breathing problems, treating overdose from acetaminophen (Tylenol), and protecting the kidneys from toxic substances.
Some recent studies suggest that NAC could be useful in the treatment of other disorders including addictions. One purpose of this study is to determine whether NAC alters the level of brain glutamate (a chemical that excites brain cells). The other main purpose is to determine whether NAC affects how much cocaine people use.
Cocaine Abuse or Dependence
Cocaine Related Disorders
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Effects of N-acetylcysteine on Brain Chemistry and Behavior in Cocaine Abusers|
|Study Start Date:||July 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Inpatient Phase: Participants will live on an inpatient research unit at least 2 consecutive nights and possibly up to 20 consecutive nights. Participants cannot have visitors and will not be allowed to leave the inpatient unit (except with a staff escort) unless they drop out of the study. We will collect daily urine samples to make sure participants are not using any drugs except those in the study. In addition, each morning, afternoon and evening participants will receive a capsule containing placebo (a blank) or different doses of N-acetylcysteine.
Participants will take part in multiple trials (up to 9 sessions) where they will be given a standard amount of powder (identified as Drug A or Drug B) to inhale through a straw into their nose. The powder will contain placebo (a powder containing no drug) or different doses of cocaine. We will measure how participants are feeling using questionnaires and we will record vital signs—including breathing rate, blood oxygen level, heart rate, and blood pressure.
Participants will also be asked to perform a 3-hour computer task that allows them to work for Drug A, Drug B, or money. At the end of the computer task participants will receive the amount of drug they earned and a receipt for the amount of money they earned.
On each Monday of the inpatient stay, participants will be escorted to Harper Hospital for a special type of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, known as magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). This is a non-invasive way to study brain chemistry. Participants will take part in a total of two (2) MRI scans. The total length of each brain scan will be about 2 hours.
Additionally on each Monday of the inpatient stay we will test the sensitivity of the participants brain to magnetic stimulation. A small magnet will be placed on top of the head so that a small electrical current is generated inside the brain. This procedure is called transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). We will stimulate the part of the brain that controls finger movement. Three recording electrodes (metal sensors like those used for EKG) will be placed on the right thumb and index fingers. We will measure the effects of different amounts of magnetic stimulation on the muscle activity of the thumb and index fingers (as seen on a computer screen). We will also ask participants to push a lever with their finger during parts of the procedure. These tasks will last about 2 hours.
To complete the study, a minimum stay of 16 inpatient nights is required. The maximum stay is 20 inpatient nights.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01392092
|United States, Michigan|
|Wayne State University||Recruiting|
|Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201|
|Contact: Lisa Sulkowski, B.S 313-993-3966 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Mark Greenwald, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Mark Greenwald, PhD||Wayne State University|