Study on the Possible Effects of Diet Supplementation With Essential Fatty Acids in Chocolate Craving Volunteers (OMEGA3CHOCO)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether essential polyunsaturated acids (omega 3) are capable of reducing chocolate craving symptoms in healthy patients.
Our hypothesis is that the omega 3 fatty acids have properties which stabilize and normalize neuronal functioning in many conditions, including chocolate craving.
|Addictive Behavior Abstinence Syndrome||Drug: Flaxseed oil Drug: Paraffin + # 2 dye||Phase 2 Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Study on the Possible Effects of Diet Supplementation With Essential Fatty Acids in Chocolate Craving Volunteers|
- Changes in the MBES score (used to quantify chocolate compulsion) from baseline. [ Time Frame: 2 months after enrollment ]The MBES is an objective scale used to quantify compulsion and classify chocolate cravers in three categories: low, moderate and severe cravers. The scale was applied to all volunteers at baseline and 2 months after enrollment in the study, and comparisons were made to establish if there was efficacy of treatment with omega 3 when compared with placebo (with decreased grades in the MBES scale).
|Study Start Date:||August 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Omega 3
The group was treated with omega 3 fatty acids for 2 months.
Drug: Flaxseed oil
3 g (3 capsules/day) of flax oil for a period of 8 weeks
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
The group received paraffin with dye in order to mimic the visual aspects of omega 3 fatty acid capsules.
Drug: Paraffin + # 2 dye
3 capsules of mineral oil (ineffective) for 8 weeks.
Other Name: Mineral oil
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (of the omega 3 subtype) are fundamental in human diet, as they are components of cellular membranes, guaranteeing their fluidity and their functions of separating intracellular and extracellular means and transporting several substances to and from cellular microenvironment.
Modern theories profess that lack of omega 3 fatty acids in western diets may be the cause of several deletery changes in neuronal physiology, which may cause or make worse several pathological conditions, such as depression, mood instability, and drug craving. The role of serotonin as the main lacking component in the conditions is well documented, and it is thought that omega 3 is important in the synthesis, transportation, and ultimately the activity of this neurotransmitter.
Out theory states that supplementation with these acids can restore normal neuron balance, improving the condition of chocolate craving patients.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01391624
|Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Federal University of São Paulo); Departamento de Psicobiologia (Department of Psychobiology)|
|São Paulo, Brazil, 04023-062|
|Study Chair:||Pedro L Prior, Student||Student|