Investigating the Impact of Tamoxifen Therapy on Ovarian Aging
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Ovarian toxicity is a well-described side effect of traditional chemotherapy in premenopausal women receiving treatment for early stage breast cancer. However, the impact of long-term endocrine therapy on ovarian function is not established, and to our knowledge, has never been directly studied. Understanding the effects of hormone therapy on ovarian aging will help breast cancer patients of reproductive age make more informed and empowered decisions regarding their treatment. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between tamoxifen therapy and ovarian aging. Patients will be identified through the UCSF Cancer Registry and California Pacific Medical Center Cancer Registry and will be evaluated based on age and menopausal status. Women who read about the study from clinicaltrials.gov and contact the study coordinator will also be considered for enrollment. The age of menopause onset will be assessed through surveys and will be compared to the accepted national average age of natural menopause. Biomarkers of ovarian reserve will be assessed in premenopausal women between ages 25-45 and will be compared to those of healthy age- and ethnicity-matched premenopausal controls from an ongoing RO1- funded prospective longitudinal ovarian aging (OVA) study.
age of menopause onset [ Time Frame: assessed at time of reproductive history survey (30 minutes long, one-time assessment) ]
The primary aim of this study is to determine the mean age of menopause onset in a cohort of women who have completed a course of tamoxifen therapy and to compare this age with the accepted national average age of natural menopause. Age of menopause onset which is defined as the year of the last menstrual period minus patient's birth year.
Secondary Outcome Measures
biomarkers of ovarian reserve [ Time Frame: assessed at time of ultrasound and blood draw (single day appointment, 1 hour) ]
A secondary aim is to compare biomarkers of ovarian reserve in premenopausal women between ages 25-45 who have been previously treated with tamoxifen with those of age- and ethnicity-matched healthy controls. The primary biomarker of interest is antral follicle count (AFC). Other biomarkers that will be measured include anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), inhibin B, FSH, and estradiol levels.
reproductive history [ Time Frame: assessed at time of reproductive history survey (30 minutes long, one-time assessment) ]
A secondary aim is to characterize the reproductive histories of women who have completed a course of endocrine therapy for the prevention or treatment of breast cancer.
lifestyle factors, medical history, and demographics [ Time Frame: assessed at time of reproductive history survey (30 minutes long, one-time assessment) ]
A secondary aim is to correlate biomarkers of ovarian age and age of menopause onset with lifestyle factors, medical history, and demographics in pre- and postmenopausal women previously treated with endocrine therapy, accounting for age and ethnicity.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
Serum AMH, FSH, estradiol, and Inhibin B will be measured. Blood will be collected and processed by the UCSF Center for Reproductive Health. Serum samples will be stored at -80oC in a designated freezer with an alarm system. Biomarker assessments will be performed by Quest Laboratories under standard quality control.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
25 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
The UCSF Cancer Registry will be screened for female patients who were treated at the UCSF Breast Care Center between 1985 and 2010 and who meet the eligibility criteria listed below.
≥25 years of age at the time of study enrollment
Diagnosed with stage I-III invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ, or determined to be high risk for primary breast cancer
If endocrine therapy was used, women must have completed at least 2 years of endocrine therapy as defined by either
Ovarian suppression plus tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitor
Ovarian suppression alone
Women must have been premenopausal at the time of endocrine therapy initiation. Premenopausal is defined as having had a menstrual cycle within 12 months before starting treatment.
For the biomarker assessments, patients must be off all endocrine therapy (tamoxifen, ovarian suppression with goserelin or leuprolide, or aromatase inhibitor) for at least 6 months prior to study enrollment.
For the biomarker assessments, patient must be off hormone contraceptives, fertility treatments, or other hormone therapies for at least 3 months prior to study enrollment
For the biomarker assessments, patient must have had regular periods the last 3 months.
Evidence for either local recurrence following use of adjuvant systemic therapy or evidence for distant recurrence of breast cancer.
Prior history of ovarian surgery or manipulation
Mother with premature ovarian failure as defined by onset of menopause at age <40
Prior chemotherapy exposure
Prior history of endometriosis, anovulation or documented infertility