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Acute Maternal and Fetal Effects of Exercise in Pregnancy (EXPREG)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01383889
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 28, 2011
Last Update Posted : March 5, 2013
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
This will be an open randomized clinical trial involving pregnant women between 35 and 37 weeks randomized to two modalities of exercise: treadmill or stationary bike. The study hypothesis is that exercise on a stationary cycle causes less maternal and fetal effects in relation to treadmill exercise.We will study the acute effects of exercise for both the mother and the fetus, monitoring the parameters before, during and after exercise for 20 minutes. The exercise intensity will be moderate, remaining between 60% and 80% of maximum heart rate. Women will be monitored with a recording equipment of ABPM (ambulatory blood pressure monitorization) and continuous cardiotocography and blood will be collected to measure blood glucose, total cholesterol and HDL, nitrate and lactate before, during and after exercise. The analysis variables are: maternal heart rate and blood pressure, fetal heart rate, number of fetal movements, transient accelerations, decelerations, short-term variability, episodes of high variability, uterine tone, glucose, lactate, nitrate, total cholesterol and HDL.The analysis will be based on intention to treat, according to the recommendations of the CONSORT (2010).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Blood Pressure Heart Rate and Rhythm Disorders Hypoglycemia Lactate Nitrate Cholesterol (Total and HDL) Abnormality in Fetal Heart Rate or Rhythm, Unspecified as to Episode of Care Other: Physical exercise

Detailed Description:

Background: Exercise has been encouraged during pregnancy in order to reduce undesirable outcomes such as pre-eclampsia, excessive weight gain and diabetes. Despite widespread among pregnant women and obstetricians, little is known about the acute effects for both mother and fetus at the time of exercise, with most existing research controlling only the pre-and post-exercise.

Objective: To study the acute effects of two moderate modalities of exercise on the pregnant woman and fetus.

Methods: This will be an open randomized controlled trial to be conducted in Campina Grande, Brazil, from December 2011 to December 2012. The pregnant women with gestational age between 35 and 37 weeks will be randomized into two groups of moderate-intensity exercise: treadmill and stationary bicycle. Pregnant women and fetuses will be monitored for 60 minutes divided in three steps of 20 minutes each: baseline assessment, monitoring during exercise and recovery period. Women will be monitored using a recording equipment of ABPM (ambulatory blood pressure monitorization) and fetal heart rate will be monitored through computerized cardiotocography. Blood will be collected to measure blood glucose, total cholesterol and HDL, nitrate and lactate before, during and after exercise. The intensity of exercise will be maintained between 60% and 80% of maximum heart rate by Karvonen formula, in addition to the subjective perception of exertion on the modified Borg scale (moderate intensity). During the monitoring period (in the three moments mentioned above) blood will be collected for the measurement of glucose, total cholesterol and HDL, nitrate and lactate. The analysis variables are: maternal heart rate and blood pressure, fetal heart rate, number of fetal movements, transient accelerations, decelerations, short-term variability, episodes of high variability, uterine tone, glucose, lactate, nitrate, total cholesterol and HDL

Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis will be performed using Epi Info 3.5.3 and Medcalc 11.6.6.0 or higher versions available at the time. The analysis will be based on intention to treat, according to the recommendations of the CONSORT (2010). For comparison of levels of glucose, lactate, cholesterol, nitrate, maternal blood pressure, maternal and fetal heart rate, fetal movements, transient accelerations, decelerations, changes in short-term episodes of high variation, and uterine tone in the two groups a parametric test will be used (Student's t) if these variables have normal distribution, otherwise they will be evaluated using the nonparametric test of Mann-Whitney. To determine the association between mode of exercise and frequency of fetal bradycardia the chi-square test of association (Pearson) will be used at a 5% significance level. The risk ratio (RR) will be calculated as a measure of relative risk, as well as its 95% confidence interval. If a significant difference in the rate of bradycardia will be demonstrated between the groups, the NNH (Number Need Harm) will be calculated.

Ethical issues: The research project was approved by Institutional Review Board under the number CAAE 0195.0.133.000-11 All the participants will be informed about the objectives of the research and only will be included if they agree voluntarily to participate and sign an informed consent term. There are no conflicts of interest.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Official Title: Acute Effects on the Mother and Fetus in Two Modalities of Exercise in Pregnancy: a Randomized Controlled Trial.
Study Start Date : December 2011
Primary Completion Date : December 2012
Study Completion Date : December 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Treading mill exercise
Pregnant women in this group will perform treadmill exercise during 20 minutes. The intensity of exercise will be maintained between 60% and 80% of maximum heart rate by Karvonen formula, in addition to the subjective perception of exertion on the modified Borg scale (moderate intensity).
Other: Physical exercise
Two modalities of exercise will be compared: treading mill and stationary bicycle. Pregnant women enrolled in the study will perform exercise during 20 minutes and will be monitored 20 minutes before, during and 20 minutes after exercise.
Stationary bicycle exercise
Pregnant women in this group will perform exercise using a stationary bicycle. The intensity of exercise will be maintained between 60% and 80% of maximum heart rate by Karvonen formula, in addition to the subjective perception of exertion on the modified Borg scale (moderate intensity).
Other: Physical exercise
Two modalities of exercise will be compared: treading mill and stationary bicycle. Pregnant women enrolled in the study will perform exercise during 20 minutes and will be monitored 20 minutes before, during and 20 minutes after exercise.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fetal bradycardia [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Fetal heart rate will be monitored durante 60 minutes, 20 minutes before, 20 minutes during and 20 minutes after two modalities of exercise: treading mill and stationary bicycle. The frequency of fetal bradycardia will be assessed.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maternal blood pressure [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Maternal blood pressure will be monitored during 60 minutes (20 minutes before, 20 minutes during and 20 minutes after the exercise)

  2. Maternal heart rate [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Maternal heart rate will be monitored during 60 minutes (20 minutes before, 20 minutes during and 20 minutes after the exercise)

  3. Glycemia [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Maternal glycemia will be monitored during 60 minutes (20 minutes before, 20 minutes during and 20 minutes after the exercise)

  4. Maternal lactate [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Maternal heart rate will be monitored during 60 minutes (20 minutes before, 20 minutes during and 20 minutes after the exercise)

  5. Maternal nitrate [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Maternal nitrate will be monitored during 60 minutes (20 minutes before, 20 minutes during and 20 minutes after the exercise)

  6. Total Cholesterol and HDL [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Total Cholesterol and HDL will be monitored during 60 minutes (20 minutes before, 20 minutes during and 20 minutes after the exercise)

  7. Fetal heart rate [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Fetal heart rate will be monitored during 60 minutes (20 minutes before, 20 minutes during and 20 minutes after the exercise). The following parameters will be assessed: fetal heart rate, bradycardia, fetal movements, transient accelerations, decelerations, changes in short-term episodes of high variation

  8. Uterine tone [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Uterine tone will be assessed 20 minutes before, 20 minutes during and 20 minutes after exercise


Eligibility Criteria

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 49 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Single pregnancy
  • Alive fetus
  • Gestational age between 35 and 37 weeks
  • Previous sedentarity

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Smoking
  • Chronic maternal illness
  • Diseases that affect respiratory capacity
  • Physical handicap precluding performing exercise
  • Arterial Hypertension
  • Diabetes in Pregnancy
  • Placenta praevia
  • Preterm labor
  • Bleeding in the third trimester
  • Fetal Growth Restriction
  • Oligo-hydramnios
  • Brain-sparing effect
  • Fetal malformations
  • Medical contraindications for performing exercise
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01383889


Locations
Brazil
Instituto Paraibano de Pesquisa Prof. Joaquim Amorim Neto
Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil, 58406120
Sponsors and Collaborators
Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira
Professor Fernando Figueira Integral Medicine Institute
Federal University of Paraíba
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Melania MR Amorim, MD, PhD Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira
More Information

Responsible Party: Isabela Coutinho, Professor, Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01383889     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EXPREG 2011
First Posted: June 28, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 5, 2013
Last Verified: March 2013

Keywords provided by Isabela Coutinho, Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira:
Physical exercise
Pregnancy
Fetal well being

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypoglycemia
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases