Retinal Laser by Multi-spot Photocoagulator and Driving Eligibility
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||A Prospective Clinical Study of the Effects of Panretinal Photocoagulation Delivered With a Multi-spot Photocoagulator on Retinal Sensitivity and Driving Eligibility in Patients With Diabetic Retinopathy|
- Risk of failing visual field criteria to hold a driving licence. [ Time Frame: visual fields at baseline and at 6 months. ]
All patients requiring bilateral PRP will be identified. These patients will undergo binocular and uniocular full-field static and kinetic visual field testing; All patients will receive their PRP via the multi-spot Photocoagulator using standardised parameters for treatment.
At 6 months following the completion of PRP the patients will undergo repeat visual field testing as conducted at baseline.
Analysis of visual fields will principally involve qualitative assessment of whether patients have met the UK driving standards on Estermann VF testing.
- Visual field assessment prior to planned pan retinal photocoagulation [ Time Frame: at baseline ]
Evaluation of full-field retinal sensitivity with visual field tests in patients with severe pre-proliferative or proliferative DR prior to planned PRP.
A quantitative assessment of retinal sensitivity using the mean global retinal sensitivity and measuring the entire hill-of-vision.
This will also be addressed at 6 months following PRP to compare to pre- treatment values.
|Study Start Date:||June 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Visual fields
One arm study. All patients will receive laser treatment following visual field testing.
Procedure: Pan retinal Photocoagulation
All patients with bilateral proliferative diabetic retinopathy requiring bilateral pan retinal photocoagulation will undergo baseline visual field tests prior to commencing laser treatment. These fields will be repeated at 6 months following completion of laser treatment.
Despite improvements in the management of diabetes, the incidence of severe diabetes -related eye disease remains high. Laser treatment (panretinal photocoagulation (PRP)) is the gold standard treatment for reducing the risk of visual loss. However, evidence suggests that PRP can be damaging on visual field function and thus jeopardize patients' eligibility to drive. In the UK, it is the patient's responsibility to inform the DVLA that they are receiving retinal laser.
With the use of a multi-spot Photocoagulator for application of PRP at Moorfields the investigators are in a unique position to assess the effects of laser applied with this new delivery system on visual fields in a detailed fashion. Thus providing more accurate advice on visual prognosis and visual field function and addressing the risk of losing the ability to drive.
All treatment-naive patients with severe diabetic retinopathy requiring bilateral retinal laser treatment will be identified. Following informed consent these patients will undergo baseline visual field testing which will be of a duration of approximately 30 minutes and complete a quality of life questionnaire. All patients will receive their laser treatment as part of standard clinical care via the multi-spot Photocoagulator which will require approximately four 20 minute sessions. At 6 months following the completion of treatment the patients will undergo repeat visual field testing as conducted at baseline and complete a quality of life questionnaire. The investigators hope to recruit 100 patients.
Analysis of visual fields will principally involve assessment of whether patients have met the UK driving standards on Estermann VF testing. A quantitative assessment of change in retinal sensitivity will be undertaken by comparing retinal sensitivity pre and post-PRP.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01383772
|Moorfields Eye Hospital|
|London, United Kingdom, EC1V2PD|
|Principal Investigator:||Michel Michaelides, FRCOphth||Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust|