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GSK2251052 in the Treatment of Complicated Intra-abdominal Infections

This study has been terminated.
(Microbiological findings of resistance on therapy in patients with complicated urinary tract infection)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01381562
First Posted: June 27, 2011
Last Update Posted: November 29, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
  Purpose
This study is being conducted to evaluate the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of GSK2251052 in subjects with complicated intra abdominal infections. GSK2251052 will be compared to meropenem, an IV therapy that is approved for use in the treatment of subjects with cIAI. GSK2251052 has a spectrum of microbiological activity that includes pathogens responsible for cIAI.

Condition Intervention Phase
Infections, Intestinal Drug: Drug: GSK2251052 Drug: Meropenem Other: Placebo Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability and Preliminary Efficacy of GSK2251052 in the Treatment of Complicated Intra-abdominal Infection in Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Any Adverse Event [ Time Frame: Up to Day 42 ]
    AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. SAE included AEs those result in death, a life-threatening AE, inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, a persistent or significant incapacity or substantial disruption of the ability to conduct normal functions, or a congenital anomaly/birth defect. Important medical events that may not result in death, be life-threatening, or require hospitalization may be considered serious when, based upon appropriate medical judgment, they may jeopardize the participant and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the outcomes listed in this definition

  • Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Trends in Vital Signs Over the Period of Study Duration [ Time Frame: Up to Day 42 ]
    Vital parameters including systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiration rate, and temperature were recorded. The number of participants with potentially clinically concern value of any vital parameter at any visit were reported.

  • Number of Participants With Normal and Abnormal ECG Findings [ Time Frame: Up to Day 42 ]
    12-lead ECGs was obtained during the study using an ECG machine and performed with the participant in a semi-supine position rested in this position for at least 10 minutes beforehand. Measurements deviated substantially from previous readings were repeated immediately. Number of participants with normal and abnormal ECG findings were reported.

  • Laboratory Parameters of Interest- Mean Hemoglobin Over the Period of Study Duration [ Time Frame: Up to Day 42 ]
    Absolute mean hemoglobin values recorded over the period of duration were reported.

  • Laboratory Parameters of Interest- Mean Reticulocytes Over the Period of Study Duration [ Time Frame: Up to 42 days ]
    Absolute mean reticulocytes values recorded over the period of duration were reported.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Hemoglobin for Partcipants With Significant Hemoglobin Drop [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1) and up to Day 42 ]
    Participants in whom the hemoglobin level dropped by more than 30% from Baseline that was not attributable to acute blood loss were recorded and immediately withdrawn from study treatment. Baseline assessments were recorded on Visit 1 (Day 1) and used as Baseline values. The change from Baseline was calculated by subtracting the Baseline values from Day 42 values. If either the Baseline or post-randomization value was missing, the change from Baseline was set to missing. The mean change from Baseline in hemoglobin for participants with significant hemoglobin drop were reported.

  • Number of Participants With Clinical Response at Test of Cure Visit (5-9 Days Post-therapy) in Microbiological Intent to Treat (MITT) Population [ Time Frame: Day 5 to 9 post IV therapy ]
    Test of cure-clinical success was resolution of signs and symptoms of complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) for participants who were clinical successes at the end of IV therapy visit with no new symptoms recorded that were not present at Baseline and no use of additional antibiotic therapy for cIAI. Test of cure-clinical failure was persistence of signs and symptoms of cIAI recorded at Baseline, or reappearance of signs and symptoms that had previously resolved, or new signs and symptoms recorded that were not present at a previous visit, or receipt of additional or alternate antibiotic therapy for cIAI or participant had died. Test of cure- unable to determine was refusal to consent to a clinical examination, lost to follow-up. Participants who were 'unable to determine' at End of IV therapy were considered 'unable to determine' Test of cure Visit as well. Due to early termination of the study, a Bayesian approach for informal hypothesis testing was not performed.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Clinical Response at Test of Cure Visit (5-9 Days Post-therapy) in Microbiological Evaluable Population. [ Time Frame: Day 5 to 9 post IV therapy ]
    Test of cure-clinical success was resolution of signs and symptoms of complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) for participants who were clinical successes at the end of IV therapy visit with no new symptoms recorded that were not present at Baseline and no use of additional antibiotic therapy for cIAI. Test of cure-clinical failure was persistence of signs and symptoms of cIAI recorded at Baseline, or reappearance of signs and symptoms that had previously resolved, or new signs and symptoms recorded that were not present at a previous visit, or receipt of additional or alternate antibiotic therapy for cIAI or participant had died. Test of cure- unable to determine was refusal to consent to a clinical examination, lost to follow-up. Participants who were 'unable to determine' at End of IV therapy were considered 'unable to determine' Test of cure Visit as well. Due to early termination of the study, a Bayesian approach for informal hypothesis testing was not performed.

  • Number of Participants With Microbiological Response in MITT Population [ Time Frame: End of IV therapy (0-24 hours post-therapy); Test of cure (5-9 days post-therapy); Late Follow-up (21-28 days post-therapy) ]
    Microbiological Response at End of IV Therapy was assessed as Microbiological Success (MS) or Microbiological Failure (MF). MS was categorized as microbiological eradication (ME) and presumed microbiological eradication (PME). MF was categorized as microbiological persistence (MP), presumed microbiological persistence (PMP), unable to determine, new infection and colonization. Number of participants with microbiological response in MITT population were reported.

  • Number of Participants With Microbiological Response in Microbiological Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: End of IV therapy (0-24 hours post-therapy); Test of cure (5-9 days post-therapy); Late Follow-up (21-28 days post-therapy) ]
    Microbiological Response at End of IV Therapy was assessed as MS or MF. MS was categorized as ME and PME. MF was categorized as MP and PMP, unable to determine, new infection and colonization. Number of participants with microbiological response in microbiological evaluable population were reported.

  • Number of Participants With Clinical Response in Microbiological Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: End of IV therapy (0-24 hours post-therapy); Test of cure (5-9 days post-therapy); Late Follow-up (21-28 days post-therapy) ]
    Clinical success was defined as resolution or improvement of Baseline signs and symptoms of cIAI, including white blood cell count within normal limits, participant was afebrile and peritoneal findings consistent with cIAI were no longer present with no new symptoms present that were not present at Baseline and no use of additional or alternate antibiotic therapy. Clinical failure was defined as (1) Lack of improvement or worsening in one or more signs and symptoms of cIAI recorded at Baseline, or reappearance of signs and symptoms that had previously resolved, or (2) signs and symptoms recorded that were not present at Baseline, or (3) receipt of additional or alternate antibiotic therapy for cIAI or (4) participant had died, or (5) participant had an adverse event leading to study drug discontinuation and the participant required additional or alternative antibacterial therapy for the current cIAI.

  • Number of Participants With Clinical Response in MITT Population [ Time Frame: End of IV therapy (0-24 hours post-therapy) and Late Follow-up (21-28 days post-therapy) ]
    Clinical success was defined as resolution or improvement of Baseline signs and symptoms of cIAI, including white blood cell count within normal limits, participant was afebrile and peritoneal findings consistent with cIAI were no longer present with no new symptoms present that were not present at Baseline and no use of additional or alternate antibiotic therapy. Clinical failure was defined as (1) Lack of improvement or worsening in one or more signs and symptoms of cIAI recorded at Baseline, or reappearance of signs and symptoms that had previously resolved, or (2) signs and symptoms recorded that were not present at Baseline, or (3) receipt of additional or alternate antibiotic therapy for cIAI or (4) participant had died, or (5) participant had an adverse event leading to study drug discontinuation and the participant required additional or alternative antibacterial therapy for the current cIAI.

  • Number of Participants With Therapeutic Response in Microbiological Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: End of IV therapy (0-24 hours post-therapy); Test of cure (5-9 days post-therapy); Late Follow-up (21-28 days post-therapy) ]
    Therapeutic response was a measure of the overall efficacy response, and a therapeutic success referred to participants who had been deemed both a 'clinical success' and a 'microbiological success'. All other combinations (other than 'clinical success' + 'microbiological success') were deemed failures for therapeutic response. Therapeutic response was determined programmatically.

  • Number of Participants With Therapeutic Response in MITT Population [ Time Frame: End of IV therapy (0-24 hours post-therapy); Test of cure (5-9 days post-therapy); Late Follow-up (21-28 days post-therapy) ]
    Therapeutic response was a measure of the overall efficacy response, and a therapeutic success referred to participants who had been deemed both a 'clinical success' and a 'microbiological success'. All other combinations (other than 'clinical success' + 'microbiological success') were deemed failures for therapeutic response. Therapeutic response was determined programmatically.

  • Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of GSK2251052 [ Time Frame: Day 3: Pre- dose (just prior to the start of the first infusion of the day) and 1 hour (just prior to the end of the infusion), 2, 4, and 12 hours post-dose ]
    Cmax was planned to be determined. A nonlinear mixed effects model as implemented in the program NONMEM was planned to be used to analyze plasma concentration data. However, data for pharmacokinetics (PK) analysis was not collected.

  • Area Under the Concentration Time Curve (AUC) of GSK2251052 [ Time Frame: Day 3: Pre- dose (just prior to the start of the first infusion of the day) and 1 hour (just prior to the end of the infusion), 2, 4, and 12 hours post-dose ]
    AUC was planned to be determined. A nonlinear mixed effects model as implemented in the program NONMEM was planned to be used to analyze plasma concentration data. However, data for PK analysis was not collected.

  • Time to Cmax (Tmax) of GSK2251052 [ Time Frame: Day 3: Pre- dose (just prior to the start of the first infusion of the day) and 1 hour (just prior to the end of the infusion), 2, 4, and 12 hours post-dose ]
    Tmax was planned to be determined. A nonlinear mixed effects model as implemented in the program NONMEM was planned to be used to analyze plasma concentration data. However, data for PK analysis was not collected.

  • Cmax of GSK2251052 Using Non-intensive PK Sampling [ Time Frame: Day 5: Pre- dose (just prior to the start of the first infusion of the day) and 1 hour (just prior to the end of the infusion), 2, 4, and 12 hours post-dose ]
    Cmax was planned to be determined. A nonlinear mixed effects model as implemented in the program NONMEM was planned to be used to analyze plasma concentration data. However, data for PK analysis was not collected.

  • AUC of GSK2251052 Using Non-intensive PK Sampling [ Time Frame: Day 5: Pre- dose (just prior to the start of the first infusion of the day) and 1 hour (just prior to the end of the infusion), 2, 4, and 12 hours post-dose ]
    AUC was planned to be determined. A nonlinear mixed effects model as implemented in the program NONMEM was planned to be used to analyze plasma concentration data. However, data for PK analysis was not collected.

  • Tmax of GSK2251052 Using Non-intensive PK Sampling [ Time Frame: Day 5: Pre- dose (just prior to the start of the first infusion of the day) and 1 hour (just prior to the end of the infusion), 2, 4, and 12 hours post-dose ]
    Tmax was planned to be determined. A nonlinear mixed effects model as implemented in the program NONMEM was planned to be used to analyze plasma concentration data. However, data for PK analysis was not collected.

  • Cmax of GSK2251052 Using Intensive PK Sampling [ Time Frame: Day 5: Pre-dose (just prior to the start of the first infusion of the day) 0.5, 1 hour (just prior to the end of the infusion), 1.25, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 8 and 12 hours post-dose ]
    Cmax was planned to be determined. A nonlinear mixed effects model as implemented in the program NONMEM was planned to be used to analyze plasma concentration data. However, data for PK analysis was not collected.

  • AUC of GSK2251052 Using Intensive PK Sampling [ Time Frame: Day 5: Pre-dose (just prior to the start of the first infusion of the day) 0.5, 1 hour (just prior to the end of the infusion), 1.25, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 8 and 12 hours post-dose ]
    AUC was planned to be determined. A nonlinear mixed effects model as implemented in the program NONMEM was planned to be used to analyze plasma concentration data. However, data for PK analysis was not collected.

  • Tmax of GSK2251052 Using Intensive PK Sampling [ Time Frame: Day 5: Pre-dose (just prior to the start of the first infusion of the day) 0.5, 1 hour (just prior to the end of the infusion), 1.25, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 8 and 12 hours post-dose ]
    Tmax was planned to be determined. A nonlinear mixed effects model as implemented in the program NONMEM was planned to be used to analyze plasma concentration data. However, data for PK analysis was not collected.


Enrollment: 15
Actual Study Start Date: October 3, 2011
Study Completion Date: March 5, 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 5, 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: GSK2251052 750mg
q12h administered via IV infusion, plus saline placebo
Drug: Drug: GSK2251052
Reconstituted, added to 250mL 0.9% NaCl solution and administered via IV infusion
Other: Placebo
saline placebo
Experimental: GSK2251052 1500mg
q12h administered via IV infusion, plus saline placebo
Drug: Drug: GSK2251052
Reconstituted, added to 250mL 0.9% NaCl solution and administered via IV infusion
Other: Placebo
saline placebo
Active Comparator: Meropenem 1G
q8h administered via IV infusion, plus saline placebo
Drug: Meropenem
Reconstituted, added to 100mL 0.9% NaCl solution and administered via IV infusion
Other Names:
  • Merrem ®
  • Meronem
Other: Placebo
saline placebo

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult subjects least 18 years of age.

N.B. Females of non-childbearing or childbearing potential may be enrolled. It is not contraindicated to enrol females of childbearing potential; however, females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at study entry and must have practiced adequate contraception for at least 30 days prior to study entry. Additionally, the subject agrees to one of the following methods for avoidance of pregnancy during the entire study treatment period:

  • Abstinence; or,
  • Oral Contraceptive, either combined estrogen/progesterone or progesterone alone, PLUS an additional barrier method [ie, condom, occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) or vaginal spermicidal agent (foam/gel/film/cream/suppository)]; or,
  • Injectable progesterone; or
  • Implants of levonorgestrel; or,
  • Estrogenic vaginal ring; or,
  • Percutaneous contraceptive patches; or
  • Intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) showing that failure rate is less than 1% in the IUD or IUS product label; or,
  • Has a male partner who is sterilized (vasectomy with documentation of azoospermia).
  • Double barrier method: condom and an occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with a vaginal spermicidal agent (foam/gel/film/cream/suppository)
  • Females are considered to be of non-childbearing potential if they have documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or are postmenopausal, defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea [in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) > 40 MlU/ml and estradiol < 40 pg/ml (<147 pmol/L) is confirmatory]
  • Subject has evidence of a systemic inflammatory response believed to be related to an intra-abdominal infectious process with no evidence of another infectious source (e.g., catheter related, lung, urinary tract)
  • Subject has an abnormal white blood cell count (>12,000/µL or <4,000/µL or >10% bands) PLUS one or more of the following
  • Fever, defined as >38°C oral, >38.5°C tympanic or >39°C rectal, within the last 24 hours
  • Heart rate of more than 90 beats per minute
  • Respiratory rate of more than 20 breaths per minute or a PaCO2 level of less than 32 mm Hg
  • Altered mental status thought due to an infectious process
  • Subject is post-op and required surgery within the last 24 hours prior to first dose of study medication OR subject requires surgical intervention (e.g., laparotomy, laparoscopic surgery, or percutaneous drainage of an abscess) within 24 hours of first dose of study medication with no more than one pre-surgical dose of an antibiotic given for pre-operative prophylaxis.
  • Subject has a known Gram-negative pathogen(s) isolated prior to study entry or a suspected Gram-negative post-operative infection or has failed a prior Gram negative treatment regimen

A subject enrolled as a failure of a previous antibacterial treatment regimen must:

Show lack of improvement or worsening in signs and symptoms of infection, including continued or worsening peritoneal findings Require additional surgical intervention which must be performed within 24 hours of first dose of study medication with no more than one pre-surgical dose of an antibiotic given for pre-operative prophylaxis AND/OR Be post-op and have required surgery within 24 hours prior to first dose of study medication with no more than one pre-surgical dose of an antibiotic given for pre-operative prophylaxis.

Have a culture positive for a Gram-negative pathogen (from an intra-abdominal site) N.B. Such subjects may be enrolled before the results of the culture are known but if the culture is negative, the subject must be removed from study drug therapy.

  • Subject requires antibacterial therapy for an anticipated duration of 7 days or more, in addition to surgical intervention, for one of the following eligible diagnoses:
  • Cholecystitis (including gangrenous cholecystitis) with rupture, perforation or progression of the infection beyond the gallbladder wall
  • Diverticular disease with perforation or abscess
  • Appendiceal perforation with duration of symptoms >=48 hours AND imaging that is strongly suggestive of free fluid or abscess
  • Acute gastric and duodenal perforations, only if operated more than 24 hours after perforation occurred
  • Traumatic perforation of the intestine only if operated more than 12 hours after perforation occurred
  • Peritonitis due to perforated viscus, post-operative, or other focus of infection (but not spontaneous bacterial peritonitis associated with cirrhosis and chronic ascites)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease or ischemic bowel disease with bowel perforation
  • If pre-operative, subject must have peritoneal findings highly suspicious for cIAI, defined as one or more of the following:
  • Abdominal pain and/or tenderness
  • Localized or diffuse abdominal wall rigidity
  • An imaging procedure, ie. ultrasound or CT scan showing evidence of IAI
  • Mass
  • Ileus
  • QTcB or QTcF < 450 msec; or QTc < 480 msec in subjects with Bundle Branch Block

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has a known or suspected diagnosis of the following:
  • Abdominal wall abscess
  • Small bowel obstruction or ischemic bowel disease without perforation
  • Traumatic bowel perforation with surgery within 12 hours
  • Perforation of gastroduodenal ulcer with surgery within 24 hours
  • Any other intra-abdominal processes in which the primary etiology is not likely to be infectious.
  • Simple cholecystitis
  • Gangrenous or suppurative cholecystitis without rupture or extension beyond the gallbladder wall
  • Simple appendicitis
  • Acute suppurative cholangitis
  • Infected, necrotizing pancreatitis, or pancreatic abscess
  • Subject must not be managed by staged abdominal repair or open abdominal technique
  • Subject is known at study entry, prior to randomization to study medication, to have a cIAI caused by a Gram-positive pathogen or a pathogen resistant to the study antimicrobial agent.
  • Subject has an APACHE II score >20.
  • Subject is considered unlikely to survive the 4 6 week study period or has any rapidly progressing disease or immediately life-threatening illness (including acute hepatic failure, respiratory failure or septic shock).
  • Subject requires treatment with concomitant systemic antibacterial agents other than vancomycin.
  • Subject has moderate to severe impairment of renal function including a calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) of less than 50 mL/min; requirement for peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, or hemofiltration; or oliguria (less than 20 mL urine output per hour over 24 hours).
  • Subject has a prior history of seizures or CNS abnormality and/or is using concomitant medications with seizure potential
  • Subject requires probenecid or valproic acid medications
  • Subject has evidence of known or pre-existing severe hepatic disease(Child-Pugh score of B or C)
  • Subject has a known baseline hemoglobin less than 10 g/dL ,hematocrit less than 30% and/or a known reticulocyte count of >5% (ie, reticulocytes >5% of total RBC mass)
  • Subject has known neutropenia or is anticipated to develop neutropenia during the course of the study (ie, new chemotherapy patient), with absolute neutrophil count less than 1000 cells/mm3
  • Subject has a known platelet count less than 75,000 cells /mm3 (subjects with platelet counts as low as 50,000 cells /mm3 are eligible if the reduction is historically stable)
  • Subject has an immunocompromising illness; including known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), organ (including bone marrow) transplant recipients, and hematological malignancy, and immunosuppressive therapy , including high-dose corticosteroids (e.g., greater than 40mg prednisone or equivalent per day for greater than two weeks)
  • Subject has participated in any investigational drug or device study within 30 days of study entry or within 5 half-lives, whichever is longer.
  • Subject has had more than 24 hours of systemic antibacterial therapy for cIAI within the 48 hour period prior to first dose of IV study drug therapy, unless there is a documented lack of clinical response to such therapy
  • Subject has a history of moderate or severe hypersensitivity to Meropenem or to beta-lactam antibiotics
  • Subject has previously received treatment with GSK2251052
  • Subject is pregnant or nursing.
  • Subject, in the opinion of the investigator, may be significantly compromised by a potential drop in haemoglobin greater than 2.5g/dl which is not related to the condition under study
  • French subjects: the French subject has participated in any study using an investigational drug during the previous 30 days.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01381562


  Show 31 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01381562     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 114689
First Submitted: June 9, 2011
First Posted: June 27, 2011
Results First Submitted: September 21, 2017
Results First Posted: November 29, 2017
Last Update Posted: November 29, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
intra-abdominal infection
belly
Gram-negative pathogen
abscess
peritonitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infection
Communicable Diseases
Intraabdominal Infections
Meropenem
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents