We updated the design of this site on September 25th. Learn more.
Show more
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 1 of 2 for:    Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency | Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies | NIH, U.S. Fed
Previous Study | Return to List | Next Study

Carbamazepine in Severe Liver Disease Due to Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (CBZ)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified May 2017 by Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: June 23, 2011
Last Update Posted: May 11, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
University of Pittsburgh
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine
The primary objective is to determine if the medication Carbamazepine, can be used as a therapy for patients with severe liver disease due to Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency .

Condition Intervention Phase
Alpha-1-antitrypsin Deficiency Liver Cirrhosis Drug: Drug-Carbamazepine (Tegretol XR) Drug: Carbamazepine (Tegretol XR) Placebo Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Preliminary Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Carbamazepine in Severe Liver Disease Due to Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Washington University School of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary outcome will be to determine the effect of Carbamazepine on hepatic ATZ load. [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    The effect of Carbamazepine on hepatic ATZ load will be measured by the number of hepatocytes with PAS+/diastase-resistant globules and/or steady state levels of ATZ by immunoblot analysis.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • For the secondary outcomes we will determine the effect of Carbamazepine treatment on hepatic fibrosis. [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    For the secondary outcomes we will determine the effect of Carbamazepine treatment on hepatic fibrosis on the basis of sirius red staining and hydroxyproline concentration and whether Carbamazepine treatment changes portal pressure as determined by Hepatic Venous Pressure Gradient.

  • For the secondary outcome we will determine if Carbamazepine treatment reduces the MELD score. [ Time Frame: 52 weeks. ]
    This will be determined by monitoring the MELD score at the beginning and end of the 12-month treatment period, including measuring at seven follow-up visits while on active medication or placebo. The change in MELD score for subjects on active medication will be compared to that in subjects on placebo.Safety and tolerability will be investigated by close observation and routine laboratory testing of the 30 subjects.

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: January 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2019 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Drug-Carbamazepine (Tegretol XR)
One arm receives Drug-Carbamazepine (Tegretol XR).All subjects have severe liver disease due to alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency.
Drug: Drug-Carbamazepine (Tegretol XR)
To reduce the likelihood of hypersensitivity reactions the subjects will be started on 400 mg/day in 2 doses and the dose will be increased weekly by 200mg/day until reaching a stable therapeutic concentration with a dose not exceeding 1200mg/day(or 1000mg/day in subjects less than 15 years of age). The CBZ tablets will be encapsulated, and the placebo group will receive encapsulated tablets without CBZ.
Other Names:
  • Tegretol-XR Carbamazepine extended release tablets.
  • NDC 0078-0510-05.
Placebo Comparator: Drug-Carbamazepine (Tegretol XR) Placebo
One arm receives Carbamazepine (Tegretol-XR) placebo.All subjects have severe liver disease due to alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency.
Drug: Carbamazepine (Tegretol XR) Placebo
Carbamazepine (Tegretol XR)Placebo-the subjects will be started on 400mg/day in 2 doses and the dose will be increased weekly by 200 mg/day until reaching a dose not exceeding 1200 mg/day (or 1000 mg/day in subjects less than 15 years of age). The placebo group will receive encapsulated tables without Carbamazepine.
Other Name: Carbamazepine (Tegretol-XR) placebo.

Detailed Description:

The primary objective is to determine if Carbamazepine therapy in patients with severe liver disease due to Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency leads to a significant reduction in the hepatic accumulation of ATZ.

The other objectives are:

To determine whether Carbamazepine treatment reduces hepatic fibrosis in alpha-1-antitrypsin deficient patients with severe liver disease. To determine whether Carbamazepine treatment reduces portal pressure in alpha-1-antitrypsin deficient patients with severe liver disease. To determine whether Carbamazepine treatment is safe and tolerated by patients with severe liver disease caused by alpha-1-deficiency. To determine whether Carbamazepine treatment leads to stabilization in disease severity as measured by the MELD scores.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 80 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age greater than or equal to 14 years to less than or equal to 80 years of age.
  • Alpha-1-Antitrypsin deficiency confirmed by ZZ or SZ phenotype & serum level
  • < 83mg/dl.
  • HVPG greater than or equal to 10 mmHg unless collateral vessels are visualized via transvenous biopsy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Child Pugh Score greater than or equal to 12. Serum total bilirubin > 5 mg/dl. INR > 2.2.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01379469

Contact: Adam D Kufen, RN, BS, CCRC 412-692-6558 adam.kufen@chp.edu
Contact: Terri Radake, RN, BSN, CCRC 314-747-5366 radaket@wustl.edu

United States, Missouri
Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine Recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Contact: Terri Radake, RN, BSN, CCRC    314-747-5366    radaket@wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: David A Rudnick, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Kevin M. Korenblat, MD         
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, UPMC Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15201
Contact: Robert H Squires, M.D.    412-692-7506    squiresr@upmc.edu   
Contact: Adam D Kufen, RN    412-692-8929    adam.kufen@chp.edu   
Principal Investigator: Robert H. Squires, JR., M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Alejandro Hoberman, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Ira Bergman, M.D., PhD.         
Sub-Investigator: Andrew Chu, MD         
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Presbyterian Hospital Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Contact: David H. Perlmutter, M.D.    412-692-8071    David.perlmutter@chp.edu   
Principal Investigator: Robert H. Squires, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: George Michalopoulos, M.D., PhD.         
Sub-Investigator: Shahid Malik, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Kapil Chopra, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Michael Dunn, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Philip Orons, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Mitchell Tublin, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Allesandro Furlan, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator: David H. Perlmutter, M.D. Washington University School of Medicine
  More Information

Additional Information:
Perlmutter D.H., Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency, in Schiff's Disease of Liver, Schiff E.R., Maddrey W.C., Editor. 2007; Lippincott-Raven: Philadelphia. 1063-1084.
Perlmutter DH. Pathogenesis of chronic liver injury and hepatocellular carcinoma in alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. Pediatr Res. 2006 Aug;60(2):233-8. Review.
Perlmutter DH. Autophagic disposal of the aggregation-prone protein that causes liver inflammation and carcinogenesis in alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. Cell Death Differ. 2009 Jan;16(1):39-45. doi: 10.1038/cdd.2008.103. Epub 2008 Jul 11. Review.
Rudnick DA, Perlmutter DH. Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency: a new paradigm for hepatocellular carcinoma in genetic liver disease. Hepatology. 2005 Sep;42(3):514-21. Review.
Piitulainen E, Carlson J, Ohlsson K, Sveger T. Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency in 26-year-old subjects: lung, liver, and protease/protease inhibitor studies. Chest. 2005 Oct;128(4):2076-81.
Sveger T. Liver disease in alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency detected by screening of 200,000 infants. N Engl J Med. 1976 Jun 10;294(24):1316-21.
Eriksson S, Carlson J, Velez R. Risk of cirrhosis and primary liver cancer in alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency. N Engl J Med. 1986 Mar 20;314(12):736-9.
Pugh RN, Murray-Lyon IM, Dawson JL, Pietroni MC, Williams R. Transection of the oesophagus for bleeding oesophageal varices. Br J Surg. 1973 Aug;60(8):646-9.
Malinchoc M, Kamath PS, Gordon FD, Peine CJ, Rank J, ter Borg PC. A model to predict poor survival in patients undergoing transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts. Hepatology. 2000 Apr;31(4):864-71.
Burroughs AK, Thalheimer U. Hepatic venous pressure gradient in 2010: optimal measurement is key. Hepatology. 2010 Jun;51(6):1894-6. doi: 10.1002/hep.23710.
Zoli M, Iervese T, Merkel C, Bianchi G, Magalotti D, Marchesini G, Gatta A, Pisi E. Prognostic significance of portal hemodynamics in patients with compensated cirrhosis. J Hepatol. 1993 Jan;17(1):56-61.
Manolakopoulos S, Triantos C, Theodoropoulos J, Vlachogiannakos J, Kougioumtzan A, Papatheodoridis G, Tzourmakliotis D, Karamanolis D, Burroughs AK, Archimandritis A, Raptis S, Avgerinos A. Antiviral therapy reduces portal pressure in patients with cirrhosis due to HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B and significant portal hypertension. J Hepatol. 2009 Sep;51(3):468-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2009.05.031. Epub 2009 Jul 3.
Roberts S, Gordon A, McLean C, Pedersen J, Bowden S, Thomson K, Angus P. Effect of sustained viral response on hepatic venous pressure gradient in hepatitis C-related cirrhosis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007 Aug;5(8):932-7. Epub 2007 Jun 4.
Hidvegi T., Perlmutter D.H., Watkins S., and Michalopoulos G., Carbamazepine ameliorates liver disease in mouse models of alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency by enhancing intracellular disposal of the pathogenic aggregation-prone protein. Science; 2010; 329: 229-232.
Dodson W., Carbamazepine and oxycarbazepine, Pediatric Epilepsy: Diagnosis and Therapy, P.J. Dodson W.E., Editor. 1993; Demos Publications: New York. 303-314.
Williams RS, Cheng L, Mudge AW, Harwood AJ. A common mechanism of action for three mood-stabilizing drugs. Nature. 2002 May 16;417(6886):292-5.
Sarkar S, Floto RA, Berger Z, Imarisio S, Cordenier A, Pasco M, Cook LJ, Rubinsztein DC. Lithium induces autophagy by inhibiting inositol monophosphatase. J Cell Biol. 2005 Sep 26;170(7):1101-11.
McNamara J., Drugs effective in the therapy of epilepsies, Goodman and Gillman's: The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, J. Hardman, L. Limbird, and A. Cillman, Editors. 2001; McGraw-Hill: New York. 533-535.
Wada JA, Troupin AS, Friel P, Remick R, Leal K, Pearmain J. Pharmacokinetic comparison of tablet and suspension dosage forms of carbamazepine. Epilepsia. 1978 Jun;19(3):251-5.
Chung WH, Hung SI, Hong HS, Hsih MS, Yang LC, Ho HC, Wu JY, Chen YT. Medical genetics: a marker for Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Nature. 2004 Apr 1;428(6982):486.
Man CB, Kwan P, Baum L, Yu E, Lau KM, Cheng AS, Ng MH. Association between HLA-B*1502 allele and antiepileptic drug-induced cutaneous reactions in Han Chinese. Epilepsia. 2007 May;48(5):1015-8. Erratum in: Epilepsia. 2008 May;49(5):941.
McCormack M, Alfirevic A, Bourgeois S, Farrell JJ, Kasperavičiūtė D, Carrington M, Sills GJ, Marson T, Jia X, de Bakker PI, Chinthapalli K, Molokhia M, Johnson MR, O'Connor GD, Chaila E, Alhusaini S, Shianna KV, Radtke RA, Heinzen EL, Walley N, Pandolfo M, Pichler W, Park BK, Depondt C, Sisodiya SM, Goldstein DB, Deloukas P, Delanty N, Cavalleri GL, Pirmohamed M. HLA-A*3101 and carbamazepine-induced hypersensitivity reactions in Europeans. N Engl J Med. 2011 Mar 24;364(12):1134-43. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1013297.
Chen P, Lin JJ, Lu CS, Ong CT, Hsieh PF, Yang CC, Tai CT, Wu SL, Lu CH, Hsu YC, Yu HY, Ro LS, Lu CT, Chu CC, Tsai JJ, Su YH, Lan SH, Sung SF, Lin SY, Chuang HP, Huang LC, Chen YJ, Tsai PJ, Liao HT, Lin YH, Chen CH, Chung WH, Hung SI, Wu JY, Chang CF, Chen L, Chen YT, Shen CY; Taiwan SJS Consortium. Carbamazepine-induced toxic effects and HLA-B*1502 screening in Taiwan. N Engl J Med. 2011 Mar 24;364(12):1126-33. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1009717.
Vigo DV, Baldessarini RJ. Anticonvulsants in the treatment of major depressive disorder: an overview. Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2009;17(4):231-41. doi: 10.1080/10673220903129814. Review.
Huband N, Ferriter M, Nathan R, Jones H. Antiepileptics for aggression and associated impulsivity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Feb 17;(2):CD003499. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003499.pub3. Review.
Minozzi S, Amato L, Vecchi S, Davoli M. Anticonvulsants for alcohol withdrawal. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Mar 17;(3):CD005064. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005064.pub3. Review.
Zakrzewska JM. Medical management of trigeminal neuropathic pains. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2010 Jun;11(8):1239-54. doi: 10.1517/14656561003767449. Review.
Wilkinson GR, Schenker S. Drug disposition and liver disease. Drug Metab Rev. 1975;4(2):139-75. Review.
Mueller TI, Stout RL, Rudden S, Brown RA, Gordon A, Solomon DA, Recupero PR. A double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of carbamazepine for the treatment of alcohol dependence. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1997 Feb;21(1):86-92.
Clark JM, Brancati FL, Diehl AM. The prevalence and etiology of elevated aminotransferase levels in the United States. Am J Gastroenterol. 2003 May;98(5):960-7.
Tandra S, Vuppalanchi R. Use of statins in patients with liver disease. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2009 Aug;11(4):272-8.
Ishizu H, Shiomi S, Kawamura E, Iwata Y, Nishiguchi S, Kawabe J, Ochi H. Gastric emptying in patients with chronic liver diseases. Ann Nucl Med. 2002 May;16(3):177-82.
Parlesak A, Schäfer C, Schütz T, Bode JC, Bode C. Increased intestinal permeability to macromolecules and endotoxemia in patients with chronic alcohol abuse in different stages of alcohol-induced liver disease. J Hepatol. 2000 May;32(5):742-7.
Morgan DJ, McLean AJ. Clinical pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic considerations in patients with liver disease. An update. Clin Pharmacokinet. 1995 Nov;29(5):370-91. Review.
Verbeeck RK, Horsmans Y. Effect of hepatic insufficiency on pharmacokinetics and drug dosing. Pharm World Sci. 1998 Oct;20(5):183-92. Review.
Rodriquez A, Martin A, Oterino JA, Blanco I, Jimenez M, Perez A, Novoa JM. Renal function in compensated hepatic cirrhosis: effects of an amino acid infusion and relationship with nitric acid. Dig Dis. 1999;17(4):235-40.
Delcò F, Tchambaz L, Schlienger R, Drewe J, Krähenbühl S. Dose adjustment in patients with liver disease. Drug Saf. 2005;28(6):529-45. Review.
George J, Liddle C, Murray M, Byth K, Farrell GC. Pre-translational regulation of cytochrome P450 genes is responsible for disease-specific changes of individual P450 enzymes among patients with cirrhosis. Biochem Pharmacol. 1995 Mar 30;49(7):873-81.
Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JB. The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity measure. J Gen Intern Med. 2001 Sep;16(9):606-13.
Cholongitas E, Senzolo M, Standish R, Marelli L, Quaglia A, Patch D, Dhillon AP, Burroughs AK. A systematic review of the quality of liver biopsy specimens. Am J Clin Pathol. 2006 May;125(5):710-21. Review.
Kalambokis G, Manousou P, Vibhakorn S, Marelli L, Cholongitas E, Senzolo M, Patch D, Burroughs AK. Transjugular liver biopsy--indications, adequacy, quality of specimens, and complications--a systematic review. J Hepatol. 2007 Aug;47(2):284-94. Epub 2007 May 24. Review.
Vibhakorn S, Cholongitas E, Kalambokis G, Manousou P, Quaglia A, Marelli L, Senzolo M, Patch D, Dhillon A, Burroughs AK. A comparison of four- versus three-pass transjugular biopsy using a 19-G Tru-Cut needle and a randomized study using a cassette to prevent biopsy fragmentation. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2009 May;32(3):508-13. doi: 10.1007/s00270-008-9412-7. Epub 2008 Aug 13.
Miller AD, Krauss GL, Hamzeh FM. Improved CNS tolerability following conversion from immediate- to extended-release carbamazepine. Acta Neurol Scand. 2004 Jun;109(6):374-7.
Brent DA, Emslie GJ, Clarke GN, Asarnow J, Spirito A, Ritz L, Vitiello B, Iyengar S, Birmaher B, Ryan ND, Zelazny J, Onorato M, Kennard B, Mayes TL, Debar LL, McCracken JT, Strober M, Suddath R, Leonard H, Porta G, Keller MB. Predictors of spontaneous and systematically assessed suicidal adverse events in the treatment of SSRI-resistant depression in adolescents (TORDIA) study. Am J Psychiatry. 2009 Apr;166(4):418-26. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.08070976. Epub 2009 Feb 17.
Emslie GJ, Mayes T, Porta G, Vitiello B, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Asarnow JR, Spirito A, Birmaher B, Ryan N, Kennard B, DeBar L, McCracken J, Strober M, Onorato M, Zelazny J, Keller M, Iyengar S, Brent D. Treatment of Resistant Depression in Adolescents (TORDIA): week 24 outcomes. Am J Psychiatry. 2010 Jul;167(7):782-91. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2010.09040552. Epub 2010 May 17.
Shemesh E, Shneider BL, Savitzky JK, Arnott L, Gondolesi GE, Krieger NR, Kerkar N, Magid MS, Stuber ML, Schmeidler J, Yehuda R, Emre S. Medication adherence in pediatric and adolescent liver transplant recipients. Pediatrics. 2004 Apr;113(4):825-32.
Frey B, Schubiger G, Musy JP. Transient cholestatic hepatitis in a neonate associated with carbamazepine exposure during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Eur J Pediatr. 1990 Dec;150(2):136-8.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01379469     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201510060-PRO09070279
1R21DK092567-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: June 15, 2011
First Posted: June 23, 2011
Last Update Posted: May 11, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: We will share data and liver tissue with other researchers. They may be doing research in areas similar to this research or in other unrelated areas. These researchers may be at Washington University, at other research centers and institutions, or industry sponsors of research. We may also share research data with large data repositories (a repository is a database of information) for broad sharing with the research community. If individual research data is placed in one of these repositories only qualified researchers, who have received prior approval from individuals that monitor the use of the data, will be able to look at the information.

Keywords provided by Washington University School of Medicine:
Carbamazepine (Tegretol) use
severe liver disease
alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency
Alpha 1-Antitrypsin
Protein C Inhibitor
Liver Diseases
Liver Cirrhosis
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Subcutaneous Emphysema
Pathologic Processes
Antimanic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Trypsin Inhibitors
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

To Top