A Comparison of Two Initial Dosing Formulas

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01377155
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 21, 2011
Last Update Posted : August 27, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Allen B. King, MD, Diabetes Care Center

Brief Summary:
This study will evaluate two methods of starting basal insulin to see which method may achieve a faster-to-goal titration.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Drug: Insulin detemir Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The current recommended starting dose of basal insulin in type 2 diabetes is either a fixed dose, e.g. 10 U, or a weight-based formulas, 0.1-0.2 U/kg. The estimate of eventual titration dose to attempt to reach a fasting glucose goal is 0.49 U/kg. Those many weeks of dosage upward titration are required. The investigators propose to compare the current recommended weight based, 0.1 U/kg to a correction factor derived formula. Starting with an insulin tolerance test estimation of basal dose, one would arrive at the eventual titrated basal insulin dose in significantly less days than starting at a starting dose estimate of 0.1 U/kg. Further, there would be no significant increase in overall reported hypoglycemia.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparison of Two Initial Dosing Formulas for Basal Insulin in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Study Start Date : June 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Insulin determir Drug: Insulin detemir
Subjects will be randomized to weight based method of 0.1 U/kg for basal insulin or a starting dose based upon an insulin challenge. Subject will record morning fasting blood sugar daily. Using a three day average, the subject will titrate the dose of basal insulin either increasing or lowering by three units based upon target blood glucose of 110 mg/dl.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Days to reach the titration target [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The number of days for the subject to reach the titration target blood sugar of 110 ml/dl

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The frequency of reported and documented (<70 mg/dl) hypoglycemic events per 24 hour period [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Type 2 diabetes
  2. Age 18 years and above
  3. Concurrently on ± sulfonylureas ± thiazolidinedione ± DDP IV inhibitors ± metformin ± glinides
  4. A1c ≥ 7.0% but ≤ 10%
  5. Capable of self monitoring glucose ≥4/day
  6. Previously compliant with clinical recommendations
  7. Fasting blood glucose ≥ 150 mg/dl
  8. BMI ≤ 45 kg/m2

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Urinary ketosis
  2. Currently or expected alteration in insulin sensitivity such as major surgery, infection, renal failure (creatinine >1.5 mg/dl), glucocorticoid treatment, recent (within 2 weeks) serious hypoglycaemic episode (requires assistant of another)
  3. Currently participating in another clinical trial
  4. Known or suspected allergy to insulin determir
  5. Using insulin
  6. Pregnancy or nursing or the intention of becoming pregnant or not using adequate
  7. Significant liver or heart failure.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01377155

United States, California
Diabetes Care Center
Salinas, California, United States, 93901
Sponsors and Collaborators
Diabetes Care Center
Principal Investigator: Allen B King, MD Diabetes Care Center

Responsible Party: Allen B. King, MD, Principal Investigator, Diabetes Care Center Identifier: NCT01377155     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DCC 03-11
First Posted: June 21, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 27, 2013
Last Verified: August 2013

Keywords provided by Allen B. King, MD, Diabetes Care Center:
basal insulin
diabetes mellitus type two

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Insulin Detemir
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs