Comparison Between High-sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T and Standard Tnl Assays in Early Cardiac Ischemia Detection
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It is crucial to rapidly identify cardiac ischemia in the care of patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Cardiac troponins are a major factor in the diagnostic of myocardial infarction. New methods have been developed to improve the accuracy of the assay and determine low troponin concentrations. Elecsys® (highly sensible T troponin) TnT-HS assay is supposed to help early detection of myocardial infarction after onset of symptoms. It should therefore shorten the transit time to emergencies by a more rapid intervention or a faster return home. The aim of the study is to compare TnT-HS assay to the standard troponin assay in the detection of early cardiac ischemia in patients with ACS.
Condition or disease
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Patients with suspected ACS with 2/2 negative results of conventional troponin I assay and 1/3 positive result of highly sensitive troponin assay will have a non invasive cardiac Rb82 PET/CT performed within 24 hours of admission. This exam is recognized by Associations of cardiology for its high sensibility and specificity in coronary disease detection.
patients presenting to the emergency for chest pain suspect for ACS currently have 2 troponin assays (Tn I) performed at T0 and T6. The additional value of a high sensitivity cardiac troponin T (Hs-TnT) dosage performed at T0 will be analyzed. [ Time Frame: T0 (admission) ]
patients presenting to the emergency for chest pain suspect for ACS currently have 2 troponin assays (Tn I) performed at T0 and T6. The additional value of a high sensitivity cardiac troponin T (Hs-TnT) dosage performed at T2 will be analyzed. [ Time Frame: T2 (2 hours after admission) ]
patients presenting to the emergency for chest pain suspect for ACS currently have 2 troponin assays (Tn I) performed at T0 and T6. The additional value of a high sensitivity cardiac troponin T (Hs-TnT) dosage performed at T6 will be analyzed. [ Time Frame: T6 (6 hours after admission) ]
Secondary Outcome Measures
major cardiovascular events [ Time Frame: at 30 days of admission ]
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients presenting to the emergency with chest pain suspect of acute coronary syndrome
chest pain of ≥ 5 minutes during the last 24 hours, or other symptoms suggestive of ACS (unstable angina or NSTEMI) with 2 negative standard troponin values(<0.09 µg/L)
age ≥ 18
patients with ST- segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
detection of TnI standard values > 0.09 (limit of positivity) in one of two blood samples (T0 and T6)
detection of heart disease or extra-cardiac disease that could explain the elevated conventional troponin values
presence of major organ dysfunction, infection or major underlying medical condition that could compromise the patient's ability to perform a stress test for myocardial ischemia