Ertapenem Sodium (MK-0826) Versus Piperacillin/Tazobactam Sodium for the Treatment of Diabetic Foot Infections in Chinese Adults (MK-0826-061)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01370616
First received: June 8, 2011
Last updated: November 24, 2014
Last verified: November 2014
  Purpose

This study compared ertapenem sodium to piperacillin/tazobactam sodium for the treatment of moderate to severe diabetic foot infections. The primary hypothesis was that treatment with ertapenem sodium is non-inferior to treatment with piperacillin/tazobactam sodium, in achieving clinical improvement or cure.


Condition Intervention Phase
Infection; Diabetic Foot
Drug: Ertapenem sodium
Drug: Piperacillin/tazobactam sodium
Drug: Piperacillin/tazobactam-matching placebo
Drug: Amoxicillin/clavulunate potassium
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, Randomized, Double-Blind, Active Comparator-Controlled Clinical Trial to Study the Efficacy and Safety of Ertapenem Sodium (MK-0826) Versus Piperacillin/Tazobactam Sodium in the Treatment of Diabetic Foot Infections in Chinese Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Favorable Clinical Response Assessments at Discontinuation of Intravenous (IV) Study Therapy (DCIV) [ Time Frame: Day 5 up to Day 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The investigator assessed participants for a favorable clinical response, defined as clinical improvement or cure. Clinical improvement means that most pretherapy signs and symptoms of the index infection, in particular fever, lympangitis, and purulent drainage had resolved, and no further IV antibiotic therapy was required. Cure means that all pretherapy signs and symptoms of the index infection had resolved, and no further IV antibiotic therapy was required.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Favorable Clinical Response Assessments at Day 5 of IV Study Therapy [ Time Frame: Day 5 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The investigator assessed participants for a favorable clinical response, defined as clinical improvement or cure. Clinical improvement means that most pretherapy signs and symptoms of the index infection, in particular fever, lympangitis, and purulent drainage had resolved, and no further IV antibiotic therapy was required. Cure means that all pretherapy signs and symptoms of the index infection had resolved, and no further IV antibiotic therapy was required.

  • Percentage of Participants With Favorable Clinical Response Assessments at Follow-up Assessment (FUA) Day 10 of Post-antibiotic Study Therapy [ Time Frame: Day 15 up to Day 38 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The investigator assessed participants for a favorable clinical response, defined as clinical improvement or cure. Clinical improvement means that most pretherapy signs and symptoms of the index infection, in particular fever, lympangitis, and purulent drainage had resolved, and no further IV antibiotic therapy was required. Cure means that all pretherapy signs and symptoms of the index infection had resolved, and no further IV antibiotic therapy was required.

  • Percentage of Participants With Favorable Microbiological Response Assessments at FUA Day 10 of Post-antibiotic Study Therapy [ Time Frame: Day 15 up to Day 38 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The investigator assessed participants for a favorable microbiological response, defined as eradication or presumptive eradication. Eradication means that the original pathogen was absent from the last available culture of an adequate specimen obtained from the original site of infection. Presumptive eradication means that the participant showed cure or improvement and no appropriate material is available to follow-up culture from the original site of infection, or collection of such a specimen would cause undue discomfort.

  • Percentage of Participants With Both Favorable Clinical and Microbiological Response Assessments at FUA Day 10 of Post-antibiotic Study Therapy [ Time Frame: Day 15 up to Day 38 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The investigator assessed participants for both a favorable clinical response (clinical improvement or cure) and a favorable microbiological response (eradication or presumptive eradication). Clinical improvement means that most pretherapy signs and symptoms of the index infection, had resolved, and no further IV antibiotic therapy is required. Cure means that all pretherapy signs and symptoms of the index infection had resolved, and no further IV antibiotic therapy was required. Eradication means that the original pathogen was absent from the last available culture obtained from the original site of infection. Presumptive eradication means that the participant showed cure or improvement and no appropriate material is available to follow-up culture from the original site of infection, or collection of such a specimen would cause undue discomfort.

  • Percentage of Participants With One or More Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    An AE is any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function, or chemistry of the body that is temporally associated with the use of the investigational product, whether or not considered related to the use of the medicinal product. This also includes any change in frequency and/or intensity of a preexisting condition which is temporally associated with the use of the medicinal product.

  • Percentage of Participants With Drug-related AEs [ Time Frame: Up to day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    A drug-related AE is any AE caused by the test drug as determined by an investigator who is a qualified physician. Drug-relatedness of the AE was assessed by evidence that the participant was actually exposed to the test drug, whether the AE followed a reasonable temporal sequence from administration of the test drug, and whether or not the AE was more reasonably explained by another source.

  • Percentage of Participants With Serious AEs (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Up to day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    A SAE is an AE occurring at any dose that resulted in any of the following: death, was life threatening, a persistent or significant disability/incapacity, prolonged an existing inpatient hospitalization, was a congenital anomaly/birth defect in an offspring, was a cancer, an overdose, or other important medical events requiring medical or surgical intervention.

  • Percentage of Participants Who Discontinued Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to day 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants chose to discontinue treatment or were discontinued from the study by the investigator due to any untoward effects, or for safety reasons such as an AE. The investigator determined whether or not the AE caused the test drug to be discontinued.


Enrollment: 565
Study Start Date: September 2011
Study Completion Date: December 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ertapenem sodium
Participants received 1.0 g intravenous (IV) ertapenem sodium as a single daily dose at Hour 0 infused over a 30-minute interval , and IV piperacillin/tazobactam-matching placebo at Hours 8 and 16 infused over a 30-minute interval, for 5 to 28 days. Participants may be switched to Amoxicillin/clavulunate potassium 625 mg administered orally, twice daily, from Day 6 to Day 28
Drug: Ertapenem sodium
Ertapenem sodium, 1.0 g IV daily over 30 minutes at Hour 0 for 5 to 28 days
Other Name: MK-0826, INVANZ™
Drug: Piperacillin/tazobactam-matching placebo
Placebo, IV over 30 minutes, 2 times per day at Hours 8 and 16 for 5 to 28 days
Drug: Amoxicillin/clavulunate potassium
If clinically indicated, participants may be switched to Amoxicillin/clavulunate potassium 625 mg administered orally, twice daily, from Day 6 to Day 28
Active Comparator: Piperacillin/tazobactam sodium
Participants received 4.5 g IV piperacillin/tazobactam at Hours 0, 8, and 16 infused over a 30-minute interval, for 5 to 28 days. Participants may be switched to Amoxicillin/clavulunate potassium 625 mg administered orally, twice daily, from Day 6 to Day 28
Drug: Piperacillin/tazobactam sodium
Piperacillin/tazobactam sodium, 4.5 g, IV every 8 hours, given over 30 minutes at Hours 0, 8, and 16 for 5 to 28 days
Other Name: Tazocin™
Drug: Amoxicillin/clavulunate potassium
If clinically indicated, participants may be switched to Amoxicillin/clavulunate potassium 625 mg administered orally, twice daily, from Day 6 to Day 28

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Participant is Chinese with:

  • Type I diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or Type II diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) treated with diet and/or medication
  • Clinically- or bacteriologically-documented moderate-to-severe (non life-threatening) diabetic foot infection that requires treatment with IV antibiotics
  • Wound site or lesion with purulent drainage from the primary site of infection OR at least 3 of the following: fever, white blood count (WBC) >10,000 with >5% immature neutrophils, local periwound erythema (redness) extending >1 cm away from the wound edge or abscess cavity, localized periwound edema (swelling), localized tenderness or pain, localized fluctuance, lymphangitis associated with a skin lesion, localized warmth, and localized induration (limb brawny edema)
  • Negative skin test result for allergy to penicillin

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant, breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant or father a child during the course of the study
  • Presence of uncomplicated skin infection such as the following: simple abscesses, impetigo, furunculosis, carbunculosis, or folliculitis in normal hosts; infected burn wound; necrotizing fasciitis; suspected osteomyelitis contiguous with the skin or skin structure infection for which removal of the infected bone is not likely to occur within 2 days of initiation of IV study therapy; wound infection that contains concomitant gangrene that cannot be adequately removed with debridement; infection likely to require a below-the-knee amputation (BKA); infection involving prosthetic material; or evidence of indwelling foreign material (such as prosthetic or surgical hardware) near the infected site that cannot be removed by surgical debridement
  • Treatment within 3 days prior to the eligibility screening with >24 hours of systemic antibiotic therapy known to be effective against the presumed or documented etiologic pathogen(s)
  • History of serious allergy, hypersensitivity (e.g., anaphylaxis), or any serious reaction to carbapenem antibiotics (such as ertapenem sodium, imipenem cilastatin, meropenem, or doripenem) piperacillin/tazobactam sodium, amoxicillin/clavulanate, any penicillins, any cephalosporins, or any other β-lactam agents
  • Need for concomitant systemic antibacterial(s) in addition to those designated in the 2 study groups (with the exception of the addition of vancomycin for Enterococcus ssp. or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus [MRSA])
  • Insufficient vascular perfusion to the affected limb
  • Rapidly progressive or terminal illness
  • Requirement or anticipation of need for dialysis (peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, or hemofiltration)
  • Acute hepatitis or acute decompensation of chronic hepatitis
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive with a clinical diagnosis of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), or an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of <1000 cells/mm^3
  • Immunosuppression
  • Participation in any other clinical study involving the administration of an investigational medication within 30 days
  • Participation in any other clinical study involving ertapenem sodium (INVANZ™)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01370616

Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01370616     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0826-061
Study First Received: June 8, 2011
Results First Received: November 24, 2014
Last Updated: November 24, 2014
Health Authority: China: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Infection
Diabetes complications
Diabetes wound infection
Soft tissue infection
Osteomyelitis
Diabetes mellitus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetic Foot
Infection
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic Angiopathies
Diabetic Neuropathies
Endocrine System Diseases
Foot Ulcer
Leg Ulcer
Skin Diseases
Skin Ulcer
Vascular Diseases
Amoxicillin
Ertapenem
Penicillanic Acid
Piperacillin
Piperacillin-tazobactam combination product
Tazobactam
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on March 30, 2015