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Early TIPS With Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Covered Stents for High Risk Acute Variceal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Patients

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified February 2016 by Fourth Military Medical University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Guohong Han, Fourth Military Medical University Identifier:
First received: June 7, 2011
Last updated: February 1, 2016
Last verified: February 2016
The purpose of this study is to determine whether early use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) with Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) covered stents is able to prolong the survival in cirrhotic patients with high risk acute variceal bleeding.

Condition Intervention
Decompensated Cirrhosis
Bleeding Varices
Procedure: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
Drug: Non-selective beta blocker + Endoscopic treatment

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Early Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt With Polytetrafluoroethylene Covered Stents Versus Standard Medical Therapy for High Risk Acute Variceal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Fourth Military Medical University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of survival without liver transplantation [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of participants failed to control acute variceal bleeding within 5 days, 6 weeks and 1 year [ Time Frame: 1 years ]
  • Number of bleeding related death [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Number of other portal hypertension related complications on follow-up (ascites, hepatorenal syndrome, hepatic encephalopathy) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Estimated Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: July 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: TIPS treatment
TIPS will be performed as soon as possible once the patients are enrolled in the study, always within the first 72 hours after the diagnostic endoscopy (preferably in the first 24 hours).
Procedure: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
  1. A 8 mm Fluency stent will be used, that will be dilated to 8 or 10 mm according to the hemodynamic response. The aim will be to reduce the portal pressure gradient (PPG) below to 25-75% of baseline. Not paralleled TIPS or over-dilatation are allowed.
  2. Embolisation, either with coils or bucrylate, can be performed, if it is felt necessary, especially in patients where portography shows the filling of big portosystemic collaterals feeding the varices, in association with a PPG below 16 mmHg
  3. After TIPS, anticoagulation will not be used as a rule, but is allowed if the attending physician thinks that it is warranted
Other Name: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS)
Active Comparator: Medical treatment
Patients will be treated with non-selective beta-blockers (either propranolol or nadolol). In case of contraindications or intolerance to beta-blockers, patients will not receive pharmacological treatment (beta-blockers but also mononitrate) and the only treatment to prevent rebleeding will be endoscopic band ligation.
Drug: Non-selective beta blocker + Endoscopic treatment

Patients will begin treatment with non-selective beta-blockers (either propranolol or nadolol). After an initial dose of 40 mg, the dose of propranolol/nadolol will be increased/decreased step by step to achieve a baseline heart rate of 55 bpm or up to the maximum tolerated dose, within the limit of 160 mg twice a day (bid) for propranolol or to a maximum of 160 mg for nadolol.

The first elective session of endoscopic band ligation should be performed within the first 7-14 days. The following sessions will be performed at 14 + 3 days intervals until variceal eradication (defined as disappearance of the varix, impossibility of suctioning the varix, or a maximum of six continued sessions). Once eradication is achieved, a control endoscopy will be performed one month later for confirmation. The following endoscopies will be scheduled at 6 and 12 months of inclusion and yearly thereafter. If varices reappear, new band ligation will follow.

Other Name: Non-selective beta blocker + Endoscopic variceal ligation


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • History of cirrhosis (clinical or by liver biopsy)
  • Admission due to acute bleeding from oesophageal or gastric (GOV1 or GOV2) varices
  • Child-Pugh Class C (Child-Pugh score less than or equal to 13) or Child-Pugh class B
  • Signed written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients not fulfilling inclusion criteria
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding
  • Confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma with any of the following characteristics: one nodule of more than 5 cm; more than 3 greater than 3 cm
  • Creatinine greater than 3 mg/dl
  • Terminal hepatic failure (Child-Pugh score greater than 13)
  • Previous treatment with TIPS or combined pharmacological and endoscopic treatment to prevent rebleeding
  • Fundal or ectopic gastric variceal bleeding (IGV1 or IGV2)
  • Portal vein thrombosis or cavernoma
  • Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) greater than III or medical history of pulmonary hypertension
  • Spontaneous recurrent hepatic encephalopathy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01370161

Contact: Zhiping Yang, MD 86-29-84771501

China, Shaanxi
Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University Recruiting
Xi'an, Shaanxi, China, 710032
Contact: Zhiping Yang, MD    86-29-84771501   
Contact: Xingshun Qi, MD    86-29-84771528   
Principal Investigator: Guohong Han, PhD & MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fourth Military Medical University
Principal Investigator: Guohong Han, PhD & MD Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Guohong Han, Head of Department of Digestive Interventional Radiology, Fourth Military Medical University Identifier: NCT01370161     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: XHDD 002
FMMU-XHDD 002 ( Registry Identifier: Fourth Military Medical University )
Study First Received: June 7, 2011
Last Updated: February 1, 2016

Keywords provided by Fourth Military Medical University:
transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
variceal bleeding
liver cirrhosis
hepatitis B

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Liver Cirrhosis
Pathologic Processes
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
Adrenergic Antagonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Antihypertensive Agents
Vasodilator Agents processed this record on April 26, 2017