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Factors Influencing the Racial Disparity in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) (SIDS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01361893
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 27, 2011
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
March of Dimes
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rachel Moon, MD, University of Virginia

Brief Summary:

The overall purpose of this investigation is to better understand factors contributing to the high incidence of prone sleep positioning in African-American infants. In addition, the investigators are interested in investigating other races and ethinicities to understand their beliefs and perceptions and determine differences socioeconomically and socioculturally within and between groups. The investigators will address the following specific aims:

(-) To compare knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding infant sleep position in parents of higher and lower SES.

(-) To identify risk factors for non-use of recommended supine sleep position in families with higher and lower SES (-) to develop a phenomenologic understanding of the decisions made by parents of higher SES and lower SES who do nt use recommended supine sleep position, using qualitative techniques.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Other: Lifestyle Counseling Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated prone position to be a major risk factor for SIDS. Studies have consistently demonstrated an increased rate of prone positioning in African American infants, but very little is known about the reasons why African American parents use the prone position more often than other racial groups. Furthermore, no studies have taken advantage of the observed socioeconomic status associated variablility in SIDS and prone sleeping within the African American community. By examing within-group differences, it is possible to move beyond comparative racial descriptions (i.e. comparisions of white and African American) to identification of potentially modifiable factors that might respond to culturally acceptable interventions within a disadvantaged group.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 616 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Factors Influencing the Racial Disparity in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
Study Start Date : December 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Lifestyle Counseling
Parents who qualify for the study will be asked to participate in the survey portion of the study. informed consent will be obtained. After completing the survey each parent will be asked if they would be willing to participate in and additional interview (focus group or semi-structured in-debth interview) at a later date.
Other: Lifestyle Counseling
We will utilize a combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques to ascertain factors, attitudes, and beliefs of African American parents of infants less than 6 months old.
Other Names:
  • African American
  • Qualitative
  • Quantitative
  • SIDS
  • Infants

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Factors Influencing the Racial Disparity in SIDS [ Time Frame: December 2004 - June 2011 ]
    Sleep Position (Supine vs. Nonsupine) Bedsharing (Yes vs. No) Use of Softbedding (Yes vs. No)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Parents who are 18 years old wth children less than 6 months old are eligible to participate if they self-identify as African American, with parents born in the United States.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • If the parent is male, not the custodial parent of the child, unable to complet the interview in English or if their child has a chronis illness that would preclude use of the supine sleep position, severe gastroesophageal reflux or recent spinal surgery.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01361893

United States, District of Columbia
Children's National Medical Center
Washington, D.C., District of Columbia, United States, 20010
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rachel Moon, MD
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
March of Dimes
Principal Investigator: Rachel Y Moon, MD University of Virginia

Responsible Party: Rachel Moon, MD, Clinical Research Administrator, University of Virginia Identifier: NCT01361893     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 3488
K24RR023681 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 27, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017

Keywords provided by Rachel Moon, MD, University of Virginia:
African American

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infant Death
Sudden Infant Death
Pathologic Processes
Death, Sudden