Reduce African-American Infant Mortality (SIDS)
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Randomized Messaging Trial to Reduce African-American Infant Mortality|
- Suffocation, Strangulation and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome [ Time Frame: Three years ]Sleep Position (Supine vs. Nonsupine) Bedsharing (Yes vs. No) Use of Softbedding (Yes vs. No)
|Study Start Date:||June 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Reduce infant mortality
The overall purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate a systematic approach to improve African-American parental behaviors specifically with regards to the infant sleep environment
Behavioral: Reduce Infant Mortality
The study's long term goal is to disseminate a new easily implemented and reproducible intervention that based on our previous research is culturally competent and provides a rationale for changing infant sleep position and sleep environment. This intervention if successful will quickly be disseminated and will be an important change to the system of newborn care; the resultant change in parental behavior would ultimately result in a reduction in sleep-related infant mortality rates thereby promoting healthy development.After written consent has been obtained, a brief survey about knowledge of and attitudes toward safe sleep position recommendations, current intent with regards to safe sleep recommendations, and demographics will be completed. Contact information will be obtained from participants to facilitate study follow-up at two weeks of infants birth 2-3 months and 5-6 months.
A persistent, significant racial disparity exists in infant mortality rates attributable to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other types of sleep-related sudden unexpected infant death (SUID), such as suffocation and undetermined causes of death. SIDS and other sleep-related deaths account for ~4600 U.S. deaths annually.4 While the incidence of SIDS has declined, infant deaths from accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed have quadrupled.5 Additionally, racial disparities in SIDS and other sleep-related deaths have increased over the past decade, with African-American infants twice as likely to die as other infants.6, 7 Certain infant sleeping practices, such as prone (stomach) sleeping, use of soft bedding and soft sleep surfaces, and bedsharing, likely play a significant role, both in SIDS and SUID, and in the disparities seen therein. Elimination of health barriers and racial/ethnic disparities, and promoting healthy development, have been highlighted as MCHB research priorities; this application is directly responsive to both of these priorities.
In the current system, health care providers and public health messages, using the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations,8 stress the use of supine (back) positioning, avoidance of soft bedding, and room sharing without bedsharing as recommendations to reduce the risk of SIDS. However, our research suggests that African-Americans have problems with this message, as they have a low degree of self-efficacy with regards to SIDS risk reduction (i.e., they do not believe that their actions can make a difference in whether SIDS occurs) and are suspicious of the concept of "risk reduction."2 However, African-American parents have a high degree of self-efficacy with regards to preventing infant suffocation. Given the increasing number of suffocation and other preventable sleep-related deaths and the fact that many of the behavioral risk factors for both SIDS and preventable sleep-related deaths are the same, providing parents with an additional safe sleep message that emphasizes prevention of suffocation may be more effective in changing parent behavior. Such a message would be carefully crafted based on our current community-based research1-3 to address emerging risks of greatest concern and potential self-efficacy. A simple, easily reproducible change in the system of newborn care could thus address a critical barrier to further progress in reducing infant mortality rates, particularly among African American families. The best systems of care to reduce disparities must use the best available and culturally competent messaging based on strong empirical evidence and require rigorous evaluation.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01361880
|United States, District of Columbia|
|Washington Hospital Center|
|Washington, D.C., District of Columbia, United States, 20010|
|Principal Investigator:||Rachel Y Moon, MD||University of Virginia|