Circulating Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGF-β) in Individuals With Marfan Syndrome
Transforming Growth Factor Beta (TGF-β) is a protein that controls proliferation, cellular differentiation, and other functions in most cells. TGF-β levels play a major role in the pathogenesis of Marfan syndrome, a disease characterized by disproportionate height, long extremities, lens dislocation in the eyes and heart complications such as mitral valve prolapse and aortic enlargement increasing the likelihood of aortic dissection. While the underlying defect in Marfan syndrome is faulty synthesis of the glycoprotein fibrillin I, normally an important component of elastic fibers it has been shown that the Marfan syndrome phenotype can be relieved by addition of a TGF-β antagonist in affected mice. This suggest that while the symptoms of Marfan syndrome may seem consistent with a connective tissue disorder, the mechanism is more likely related to reduced sequestration of TGF-β by fibrillin.
- To determine if circulating levels of TGF-β correlate with treatment arms: Atenolol vs. Losartan. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- To determine if circulating levels of TGF-β correlate with clinical outcomes within a treatment group or independent treatment groups. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]These clinical outcomes may be a change in aortic root Z-score, final aortic root dimension, final aortic root Z-score and other clinical outcomes in the main Marfan trial.
|Study Start Date:||April 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Other: Blood draw
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01361087
|United States, Illinois|
|Children's Memorial Hospital Chicago|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60614|