Bisphosphonate Users Radiographic Characteristics of the Hip (BURCH) Study
- Osteoporosis is a condition where the bone becomes more brittle and more likely to break as a person ages. The drugs that people take to treat this condition have prevented many common hip fractures. But these drugs may be associated with problems in the shape and structure of the hip bone after many years of use. These changes in the hip bone may lead to an unusual kind of hip fracture. These fractures are very rare, so it is hard to study them. Researchers want to learn more about these fractures.
- To compare hip x-rays of three groups: people who have been taking osteoporosis drugs for several years, those who have just started taking them, and those who have never taken these drugs.
- People at least 50 years of age who have been taking osteoporosis drugs for at least 5 years.
- People at least 50 years of age who have been taking these drugs for less than 1 year.
- People at least 50 years of age who have never taken these drugs.
- All participants will have three total visits over 3 years.
- At the first visit, those taking part will have a medical history and physical exam. They will complete a questionnaire about medication use and bone health. They will also have an x-ray of the hips and pelvis, and have a bone density scan (the kind used to test for osteoporosis) of the hips.
Those in the study will repeat these exams and medical history questions at followup visits. These visits will take place 18 months and 36 months after the first study visit.
- At any of these visits, participants who may have a hip fracture that does not show up on the x-rays will have an imaging study to examine the bone more closely.
- Participants who receive a hip replacement or suffer from a broken bone at any time should inform the study researchers as soon as possible.
|Osteoporosis Bone Diseases, Metabolic Hip Fractures|
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Bisphosphonate Users Radiographic Characteristics of the Hip (BURCH) Study|
- Difference in prevalence of cortical thickening and beaking between long term users vs. short term or non-users of bisphosphonates.
- Difference in rates of cortical thickening over three years between long term users vs. short term or nonusers of bisphosphonates.
- Difference in rates of subtrochanteric fractures over three years between long term users vs. short term or nonusers of bisphosphonates.
|Study Start Date:||May 4, 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 11, 2017|
Bisphosphonates are a class of medications that treat osteoporosis and prevent fractures, and have been available for more than a decade. However, there have been recent studies that have shown that, on rare occasions, they may be associated with an atypical hip fracture after long-term use. Radiographic features such as beaking and thickening along the side of the hip bone have been frequently observed with these atypical femur fractures, but most of the studies to date have only been focused on finding the fractures, not the x-ray features. It is not known how common these x-ray features and pain symptoms are amongst bisphosphonate users that have not yet experienced a fracture. If there is a difference between users and non-users, these features may be a valuable finding to help catch fractures before they happen. A recent hypothesis has emerged that a genetic condition, hypophosphatasia, may play a role.
This study will evaluate the presence of these features in users of bisphosphonates and the general population. Individuals from the community who have taken bisphosphonates for five or more years (and still taking or have since stopped) will be compared with individuals recently starting bisphosphonate treatment and individuals without osteoporosis and not taking bisphosphonates but similar in age. Another cohort of patients who have sustained atypical femur fractures will also be recruited.
This study will be look at the frequency of subtrochanteric beaking and cortical thickening between three groups of people: long-term users, short-term users, and non-users. Thorough medication usage history, physical examination of the hip and radiographs (x-rays) will be taken three times over the course of three years, and a one time bone density scan will be performed upon enrolling. We will also perform genetic testing for hypophosphatasia in long term asymptomatic users and patients who have sustained the atypical femur fracture.
We will be looking for the presence of these "beaks" and measuring the thickness of the hip bone at a certain spot. We are interested in seeing if there is a difference between our three groups of people at first and also if these two features change over three years. We will also monitor for thigh pain, a feature of impending fracture, and if any fractures are found on x-rays. We will compare the prevalence of hypophosphatasia mutations in asymptomatic bisphosphonate users and subjects who have sustained the atypical femur fracture.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01360099
|United States, District of Columbia|
|Washington Hospital Center|
|Washington, D.C., District of Columbia, United States, 20010|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael M Ward, M.D.||National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)|