Comparison of Anesthetic Techniques on Total Hip Arthroplasty
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Influence of Anesthetic Technique on Post-operative Pain Scores and Range of Motion in Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty|
- To compare analgesia and orthopedic rehabilitation milestones (range of motion) in patients receiving either spinal anesthesia (local anesthetic plus opioid) or general endotracheal anesthesia with lumbar plexus block. [ Time Frame: Approx one to three month post-op ]On arrival to the adult orthopedic/joint reconstruction ward, a physical therapist will assess the range of motion and document the findings in Powerchart using a pre-existing template. This will be the main primary outcome measure along with ongoing pain scale as part of the orthopedic rehabilitation milestones.
|Study Start Date:||July 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Lumbar plexus Block
This group will recieve pre-operative lumbar plexus block plus general anesthesia
Procedure: Lumbar Plexus Block
lumbar plexus block followed by a general anesthetic. The lumbar plexus block will be performed by an attending anesthesiologist using ultrasound guidance (for measuring the depth of the psoas compartment) and nerve stimulation. A standardized block solution of 30 mL 0.5% ropivacaine will be injected in fractionated doses when a quadriceps muscle twitch is present to nerve stimulation at <0.50 mA. Fifteen minutes after block completion, the block's effectiveness will be evaluated with an ice test.
To compare analgesia and orthopedic rehabilitation milestones in patients receiving either spinal anesthesia (local anesthetic plus opioid) or general endotracheal anesthesia with lumbar plexus block.
: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common surgery worldwide. Despite the prevalence of this procedure, there is no "gold standard" anesthetic. Several different techniques are utilized. The two most common anesthesia modalities are: 1) spinal anesthesia 2) general anesthesia (with or without a peripheral nerve block). The choice of anesthetic technique is often based on the training and experience of the anesthesia provider, as well as the culture of the institution. Both spinal anesthesia (consisting of local anesthetic and opioid) and general anesthesia (combined with lumbar plexus nerve block) can provide adequate intra-operative anesthesia as well as prolonged post-operative analgesia. The goal of this study is to determine if the choice of one of these two anesthetic techniques influences postoperative pain scores and orthopedic rehabilitation markers in patients undergoing primary THA.
Several studies have compared spinal versus general anesthesia in terms of post-operative pain relief, nausea and vomiting, blood loss, and deep venous thrombosis. Most of these studies did not utilize a lumbar plexus nerve block for postoperative analgesia in the general anesthesia subjects. The investigators are not aware of any randomized, controlled studies examining differences in orthopedic outcomes when THA is performed under spinal anesthesia or general anesthesia with lumbar plexus nerve block. These two anesthetic techniques result in different degrees of intraoperative muscle relaxation which may affect post-operative range of motion. Analgesic differences between the two techniques may also affect range of motion and post-operative ambulation.
The investigators propose to compare post-operative pain scores as a primary outcome in patients receiving either spinal anesthesia (bupivicaine with morphine) or general anesthesia with lumbar plexus block for THA. Orthopedic outcomes, including distance of first ambulation, physical therapy range of motion, and limb length discrepancies will be measured as secondary outcomes. Continuous pulse oximetry and capnograpahy data will be recorded for 24 hours postoperatively on all patients. The incidence of urinary tract infections and post-operative nausea and vomiting between groups will be additional measured outcomes.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01359865
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Penn State Hershey Medical Center|
|Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033|
|Principal Investigator:||John Anson, MD||Milton S. Hershey Medical Center|