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An Assessment of SAFE (Swift Accountable Fair Enforcement) in Cochise County

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01359137
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 24, 2011
Last Update Posted : April 10, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of California, Los Angeles
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pepperdine University

Brief Summary:
This is a Cochise County experiment with innovative probation supervision practices. Subjects are assigned to one of three supervision conditions.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Behavior Behavioral: Probation as usual Behavioral: Deferred Jail Behavioral: Arizona's SAFE Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Historically, rates of failure on routine probation have been high. The result is that large numbers of probationers are ultimately revoked from probation and sentenced to long underlying jail or prison terms. Arizona is experimenting with alternatives to routine probation with the goal of reducing the overall burden of incarceration. Cochise County in Arizona is experimenting with innovative probation supervision practices. Subjects are assigned to one of three supervision conditions: Probation-as-usual (routine supervision with no deferred jail); discretionary deferred jail in response to probation violations; and Arizona's Swift, Accountable, Fair, Enforcement, or SAFE (SAFE involves non-discretionary deferred jail in response to probation violations).

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 105 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: An Assessment of Arizona's SAFE (Swift Accountable Fair Enforcement) Program in Cochise County
Actual Study Start Date : January 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Probation as usual
Routine supervision with no deferred jail condition.
Behavioral: Probation as usual
Routine probation with do deferred jail condition.
Other Name: PAU
Experimental: Deferred jail
Discretionary deferred jail in response to violations of probation conditions.
Behavioral: Deferred Jail
Discretionary deferred jail in response to violations of probation conditions.
Other Name: DIS
Experimental: Arizona's SAFE
Swift Accountable Fair Enforcement (SAFE) which uses non-discretionary brief jail sanctions for probation violations.
Behavioral: Arizona's SAFE
Swift Accountable Fair Enforcement (SAFE) uses non-discretionary brief jail sanctions for probation violations.
Other Names:
  • Swift Accountable Fair Enforcement
  • HOPE



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Revocation rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Percentage of subjects in each condition who are revoked from probation and returned to jail or prison.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. % positive drug tests [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Percentage of random and scheduled drug tests that test positive for illicit drugs

  2. Days incarcerated [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Total number of days incarcerated in jail and prison

  3. % Missed appointments [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Percentage of probation appointments that are missed

  4. New arrests [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Number of new arrests



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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Supervised on probation in Cochise County
  • Residing in Cochise County

Exclusion Criteria:

  • First-time marijuana possession cases

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01359137


Locations
United States, Arizona
Cochise County Adult Probation Department
Bisbee, Arizona, United States, 85603
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pepperdine University
University of California, Los Angeles

Responsible Party: Pepperdine University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01359137     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SPP0311F09
First Posted: May 24, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 10, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018

Keywords provided by Pepperdine University:
Behavior
Drug users
Criminal Justice
Probation