Effect of Broccoli Sprout on Blood Levels of Sulforaphane to Reduce Responsiveness of Immune System
Atherosclerosis is the disease process that leads to hardening of the arteries which causes them to become narrowed. This occurs because fat is first deposited on the inside walls of the arteries, then becomes hardened by fibrous tissue and calcium deposition forming a semi-hardened accumulation of material known as plaque. As this plaque grows, it narrows the channel within the artery and causes a reduction in blood and oxygen supply to the affected organ - such as the heart and brain. The investigators now understand that this process is caused by inflammation and activation of the immune cells over a period of time. It has been proposed that targeting these immune cells and reducing the levels of immune activation can protect against cardiovascular diseases.
Previously it has been observed that consumption of fruit and vegetables rich in anti-oxidants can confer a protective effect against cardiovascular diseases. The use of anti-oxidants experimentally has shown protective benefits against activation. The investigators suggest that inducing anti-oxidant enzymes indirectly may be an effective means of providing vascular protection.
Sulforaphane, a naturally occurring compound found in green vegetables (including broccoli, brussel sprouts and cauliflower) is able to protect against cell inflammatory stress by inducing a number of anti-oxidant molecules. Targeted studies on the consumption of broccoli and related vegetables have been shown to be associated with reduced risk of coronary artery disease.
In the present study the investigators want to test whether the consumption of a "broccoli smoothie" containing sulforaphane can protect white blood cells from becoming activated in the presence of an experimental stress and how long this protective effect lasts for. To do this, the investigators will be analysing inflammatory changes in blood samples taken at different times during the study.
|Healthy Volunteers||Dietary Supplement: Brocco-sprout homogenate Dietary Supplement: Alfalfa sprout homogenate|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Does Broccoli Sprout Consumption Result in Plasma Sulforaphane Levels That Can Attenuate Leukocyte Activation Ex-vivo in Healthy Human Volunteers?|
- Resistance of leucocytes to inflammatory activation following an experimental stress [ Time Frame: 24 hours after consumption of the third homogenate ]
Participants will consume a brocco-sprout homogenate. Blood will be sampled for intracellular markers of leukocyte stress after ex-vivo stimulus with Phorbol ester / Tumour Necrosis Factor alpha. The following parameters will be recorded.
- Reactive oxygen species detection using aminophenylfluoresceine dye
- p38 MAP kinase induction
- NF-kB induction
|Study Start Date:||May 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Active Comparator: Brocco-sprout homogenate||
Dietary Supplement: Brocco-sprout homogenate
Participants will be asked to orally consume on three consecutive days a brocco-sprout homogenate (70g dry weight).
|Sham Comparator: Alfalfa sprout homogenate||
Dietary Supplement: Alfalfa sprout homogenate
Participants will be asked to orally consume on three consecutive days an alfalfa sprout homogenate.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01357070
|Cardiovascular Medicine Research Unit, Hammersmith Hospital|
|London, United Kingdom, W12 0NN|
|Principal Investigator:||Paul C Evans, BSc MSc PhD||Imperial College London|