Same-day Long-acting Reversible Contraception for Medication Abortion (SaLMA)
Contraception after abortion is an important public health issue, as women who have an abortion are at high risk for additional unintended pregnancy. In the context of first trimester medical abortion, the standard of care is to administer long-acting reversible contraception, including the etonogestrel implant (Implanon) and depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), at a follow-up appointment after the abortion.
The investigators plan to conduct a prospective observational pilot study to evaluate the satisfaction of subjects who have selected either the contraceptive implant or DMPA given on the first day of medical abortion, as opposed to at a follow-up appointment. The investigators will also assess the continuation of DMPA and Implanon at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after the initial date of administration. In addition, the investigators will assess the total days of bleeding after the abortion, follow-up rate for evaluation of completion of medical abortion, and efficacy of medical abortion.
A total of 40 participants will be recruited, 20 who choose Implanon and 20 who choose DMPA. They will be asked to fill out questionnaires during the course of the study, and will be followed for one year. The study duration including data analysis will be two years.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Etonogestrel Implant or Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate for Medication Abortion|
- Satisfaction with timing of contraceptive administration [ Time Frame: 7 days, 14 days, 28 days, 3, 6, 9, 12 months ]
- Continuation rate of contraceptive method [ Time Frame: 7 days, 14 days, 28 days, 3, 6, 9, 12 months ]
- Number of days of bleeding [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
- Follow-up rate after abortion [ Time Frame: 14 days ]
- Failure of medical abortion [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
- Reasons for non-enrollment [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
DMPA given at the time of mifepristone for medical abortion
DMPA 150 mg IM given on the day of mifepristone 200 mg po for medical abortion
Other Name: Depo Provera
Etonogestrel implant placed at the time of mifepristone for medical abortion
Drug: Etonogestrel implant
Etonogestrel implant placed at the time of mifepristone 200 mg po for medical abortion
Other Name: Implanon
This is a prospective, observational pilot study of administration of either Implanon or DMPA on the first day of medication abortion. Subjects in this two cohorts will be followed for one year, with questionnaires administered at intake, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after recruitment.
On the day of recruitment, after the patient has consented both to medication abortion and contraceptive method (Implanon or DMPA), the provider will ask the patient if they are interested in participation in the study. If the patient is interested, a research assistant or investigator will be called to discuss the study in private with the potential subject. Consent will be obtained by the investigator, and the intake questionnaire with baseline contraceptive and demographic data will be administered. Mifepristone for medication abortion will be administered per protocol by the provider, and then Implanon or DMPA will be administered. The clinician who provides the medication abortion will not be the same person as the investigator who is consenting for research. A bleeding diary card will be given to the subject to record daily bleeding. The subject will be requested to return this card by mail in 4 weeks, and will be given an addressed and stamped envelope.
Subjects will be scheduled for a 7-day follow-up appointment as per medication abortion protocol, and at that visit, a short questionnaire regarding the satisfaction with timing of contraceptive method, and number of days of bleeding will be administered. Subjects will then be contacted by their preferred modality (phone, email, or text message) at 2 weeks, to assess for total days of bleeding. If the subject is continuing to have bleeding, they will be contacted again at 4 weeks to assess for total days of bleeding. At each of these contact points, satisfaction with timing of placement, and satisfaction with contraceptive method will be assessed via a Likert scale. Additional contact will be made at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months for all subjects to assess continuation of the contraceptive method.
If unable to contact the subject or listed emergency contacts a total of five times by their preferred or alternate modalities of contact, a letter will be sent along with a self-addressed stamped envelope.
Outcomes (Indicate anticipated primary and any secondary outcomes and how they will be measured):
The primary study objectives are to assess the following:
- Subject satisfaction with timing of placement as determined by questionnaire
- Continuation of contraceptive method at 3, 6, 9, and 12 month as determined by questionnaire
The secondary study objectives are to assess the following:
- Total days of bleeding after the abortion
- Follow-up rate for evaluation of completion of medication abortion
- Failure rate of medication abortion
- The number of women screened for participation
- Reasons for refusal to participate in the study
- Reasons for ineligibility
- The number of women who change their contraceptive method during the year of follow-up.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01356927
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston University Medical Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118|
|Principal Investigator:||Sarita Sonalkar, MD||Boston University|