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Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Related Thrombocytopenia to Evaluate the Effects of E5501

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01355289
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 18, 2011
Results First Posted : February 22, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 22, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eisai Inc.

Brief Summary:
To evaluate the efficacy of E5501 by measuring platelet response in subjects with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related thrombocytopenia who require antiviral treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Thrombocytopenia Drug: Avatrombopag Drug: Placebo Drug: Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) Drug: Telaprevir Drug: Ribavirin Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This study had three phases: Prerandomization (Screening), Randomization (Core Study), and Open-Label Extension (OLE). The Randomization Phase included Treatment Periods A1 and A2 and a Follow-up Period (for those participants not continuing into the OLE phase). The OLE Phase included Treatment Periods B1, B2, and B3 (depending on when a participant entered the OLE), and a Follow-up Period. Participants may have been followed for sustained viral response, if appropriate. In the Core Study (randomization phase) participants were randomized (in a 1:1:1:1 ratio) to receive one of four treatments (placebo or avatrombopag [10mg, 20mg, and 30mg] for up to 21 days. Participants who successfully completed Treatment Period A1, (platelet count >=100x10^9/L) initiated antiviral treatment with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) alpha-2a and progressed to Treatment Period A2. Participants with a platelet count >=150x10^9/L initiated antiviral treatment and progressed into Treatment Period B2, study drug was interrupted then eventually restarted at 10 mg daily once their platelet counts returned to acceptable levels. Those who were not considered successful after 21 days in Treatment Phase A1 were withdrawn from the Core Study (Part A) and were eligible to enter the OLE at Treatment Period B1. Participants who chose to not enter the OLE entered into the Follow-up Phase. At the end of Treatment Period A2, eligible participants could enter the OLE at Treatment Period B3. In the OLE Phase, participants entering into Open-label Treatment Period B1 began once-daily treatment with avatrombopag at a dose of 20 mg without titration for up to 21 days. Once the participant's platelet counts were sufficient, they entered Treatment Period B2. Participant's eligible to enter into Treatment Period B2 received avatrombopag and antiviral treatment for 13 weeks. Participants who successfully completed Treatment Period A2 or B2 could continue on antiviral treatment for up to a maximum of 48 weeks (including the 13 weeks in Treatment Periods A2 or B2) and open-label avatrombopag, at the investigator's discretion. In Treatment Period B3, the dose of avatrombopag was allowed to be titrated up or down in accordance with the participant's platelet count response, within the range of a minimum of 5 mg and a maximum of 50 mg. In the Follow-up Period, participants were seen at either a single 30-day follow-up visit or followed for the full 30 days after the last dose of avatrombopag.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 65 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Randomized, Multicenter, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Parallel-Group Study, With an Open-Label Extension, to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, and Pharmacokinetics of E5501 in Subjects With Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Related Thrombocytopenia Who Are Potential Candidates for Antiviral Treatment
Study Start Date : November 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo (Core Study)
Placebo, will be administered orally, once daily for up to 21 days.
Drug: Placebo
Active Comparator: Avatrombopag 10 mg (Core Study)
Avatrombopag 10 mg, will be administered orally, once daily, preferably with food for up to 21 days.
Drug: Avatrombopag
Other Names:
  • E5501
  • Avatrombopag maleate

Active Comparator: Avatrombopag 20 mg (Core Study)
Avatrombopag 20 mg, will be administered orally, once daily, preferably with food for up to 21 days.
Drug: Avatrombopag
Other Names:
  • E5501
  • Avatrombopag maleate

Drug: Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN)
Participants in Treatment Periods A2, B2, and B3 are to receive antiviral treatment PEG-IFN, ribavirin, or telaprevir. Provided by the sponsor.

Drug: Telaprevir
Participants in Treatment Periods A2, B2, and B3 are to receive antiviral treatment PEG-IFN, ribavirin, or telaprevir. Provided by the sponsor
Other Names:
  • Incivek
  • Incivo

Drug: Ribavirin
Participants in Treatment Periods A2, B2, and B3 are to receive antiviral treatment PEG-IFN, ribavirin, or telaprevir. Provided by the sponsor
Other Names:
  • Virazole
  • Rebetol
  • Copegus
  • Ribasphere
  • Moderiba dose pack
  • Moderiba

Active Comparator: Avatrombopag 30 mg (Core Study)
Avatrombopag 30 mg, will be administered orally, once daily, preferably with food for up to 21 days.
Drug: Avatrombopag
Other Names:
  • E5501
  • Avatrombopag maleate

Experimental: Avatrombopag (Open-Label Extension)
Avatrombopag will be initiated at a dose of 20 mg, once daily in the open-label extension (OLE) period. The avatrombopag dose will be titrated up or down in accordance with the participant's individual response, within the range of a minimum of 5 mg and a maximum of 50 mg for up to 48 weeks.
Drug: Avatrombopag
Other Names:
  • E5501
  • Avatrombopag maleate

Drug: Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN)
Participants in Treatment Periods A2, B2, and B3 are to receive antiviral treatment PEG-IFN, ribavirin, or telaprevir. Provided by the sponsor.

Drug: Telaprevir
Participants in Treatment Periods A2, B2, and B3 are to receive antiviral treatment PEG-IFN, ribavirin, or telaprevir. Provided by the sponsor
Other Names:
  • Incivek
  • Incivo

Drug: Ribavirin
Participants in Treatment Periods A2, B2, and B3 are to receive antiviral treatment PEG-IFN, ribavirin, or telaprevir. Provided by the sponsor
Other Names:
  • Virazole
  • Rebetol
  • Copegus
  • Ribasphere
  • Moderiba dose pack
  • Moderiba




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Who Achieved Platelet Response (Greater Than or Equal to 100 x 10^9/L) by Day 21 of Treatment Period A1 of Core Study [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 21 ]
    A responder was defined as a participant having a platelet count of greater than or equal to 100x10^9/L by Day 21 starting from an average baseline platelet count of greater than 20 x 10^9/L to less than or equal to 70 x 10^9/L.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline of Local Platelet Count by Visit During Treatment Period A1 of Core Study [ Time Frame: Day 7 and Day 14 ]
    Missing platelet counts were imputed using last observation carried forward (LOCF) approach for subjects who achieved platelet response at prior visits.

  2. Number of Participants Who Achieved Platelet Count Greater Than 30 X 10^9/L From Baseline to Day 21 During Treatment Period A1 of Core Study [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 21 ]
    Blood draws were taken to monitor platelet counts.

  3. Number of Participants Who Initiated Antiviral Treatment by Day 21 of Period A1 of Core Study [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 21 ]
    Blood draws were taken to monitor platelet counts during the first 21 days of study treatment. When a platelet count of greater than or equal to 100 X 10^9/L was attained, antiviral treatment was initiated.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males or females greater than or equal to 18 years of age
  2. Women of childbearing potential must agree to use a highly effective method of contraception for at least one menstrual cycle prior to starting study drug, throughout the entire study period, and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug
  3. Subjects with chronic HCV-related thrombocytopenia (defined as a platelet count greater than or equal to 20x10^9/L to 70x10^9/L) who require antiviral treatment
  4. Chronic HCV infection (defined as the presence of anti-HCV antibodies and detectable serum HCV RNA levels)
  5. Model for End-stage Liver disease score greater than or equal to 24
  6. Adequate renal function as evidenced by a calculated creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 50 mL/minute per the Cockcroft and Gault formula
  7. Life expectancy greater than or equal to 3 months

Exclusion Criteria: Subjects who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in the study:

  1. Any history of arterial or venous thrombosis, including partial or complete thrombosis (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism), thrombosis (partial or complete) in the main portal vein and portal vein branches, and thrombosis of any part of the splenic-mesenteric system
  2. Any evidence of current portal vein thrombosis (PVT) as detected by Doppler sonography and portal vein flow rate less than 15 cm/second at Screening or within 30 days prior to Screening (revised per Amendment 02)
  3. Any known family history of hereditary thrombophilic disorders (e.g., Factor V Leiden, antithrombin III deficiency)
  4. Evidence of myocardial infarction in the last 6 months or uncompensated congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class III or IV)
  5. Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B or acute hepatitis C
  6. Any prohibited concomitant medications or therapy that cannot be discontinued by Visit 1, e.g., subjects currently receiving interferon who cannot undergo a 4-week washout period prior to Screening, or subjects who receive blood products that affect platelet count within 1 week prior to Screening (revised per Amendment 02)
  7. Weekly alcohol intake greater than 21 units (168 g) [male] and greater than 14 units (112 g) [female]
  8. Any known medical condition, other than chronic liver disease, that can lead to thrombocytopenia
  9. History of hepatocellular carcinoma, metastatic liver cancer, or liver transplantation (revised per Amendment 01) (revised per Amendment 02)
  10. History of idiopathic thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP)
  11. History of myelodysplastic syndrome
  12. History of pernicious anemia or subjects with vitamin B12 deficiency (defined as less than the lower limit of normal [LLN]) who have not had pernicious anemia excluded as a cause (Added per Amendment 02)
  13. Evidence of clinically significant disease (e.g., cardiac, respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal disease) that, in the opinion of the investigator, could affect the subject's safety or study conduct
  14. Subjects with a history of suicide attempts
  15. Subjects with a history of hospitalization for depression within the past 5 years
  16. Subjects with any current severe or poorly controlled psychiatric or seizure disorder
  17. Current use of recreational drugs
  18. Subjects who have participated in another investigational study within 30 days prior to Visit 1
  19. Subjects with hypersensitivity, intolerance, or allergy to E5501 or any anti-HCV therapies or their ingredients
  20. Any past or current (revised per Amendment 01) medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the subject's ability to safely complete the study
  21. Scheduled for surgery during the projected course of the study
  22. Subjects who have any medical conditions or diseases that would contraindicate treatment with anti-HCV therapy (added per Amendment 01)
  23. Subjects who are currently treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or H2-antagonist therapy but have not been receiving a stable dose for at least 6 weeks prior to randomization or have not completed these therapies more than 2 weeks prior to randomization (added per Amendment 01)
  24. Fasting gastrin-17 blood levels exceeding 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) at Screening (including subjects on PPIs or H2 antagonists) (revised per Amendment 02)
  25. Subjects with a history of gastric atrophy (added per Amendment 02)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01355289


Locations
United States, California
Health Care Consultants
Los Angeles, California, United States
United States, Virginia
Metropolitan Research
Fairfax, Virginia, United States, 22031
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eisai Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Alireza Manhuchehri Eisai Inc.

Responsible Party: Eisai Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01355289     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: E5501-G000-203
First Posted: May 18, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 22, 2018
Last Update Posted: February 22, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

Keywords provided by Eisai Inc.:
Chronic Hepatitis C related

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis, Chronic
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Thrombocytopenia
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Blood Platelet Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Interferons
Ribavirin
Antiviral Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action