Putting Electroencephalography (EEG) in the Emergency Department
The aim of the proposed research is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of a portable wireless electroencephalography (EEG) device (Biosignal Micro-EEG) to standard EEG in identifying abnormal EEG patterns (mainly non-convulsive seizure and non-convulsive status epilepticus) in emergency department (ED) patients with altered mental status. Comparing the the accuracy of EEG recordings and interpretations of Micro-EEG to those of standard EEG will allow the investigators to assess the utility of this novel device in the ED patients with altered mental status. The unique qualities of Micro-EEG device could potentially facilitate easier access to EEG test in all ED patients.
This study will also provide valid information regarding the prevalence of non-convulsive seizure in ED patients with altered mental status.The gold standard for diagnosing non-convulsive seizure would be standard EEG.
All study participants will undergo electroencephalography using the two devices (standard EEG and micro-EEG) and a combination of standard electrodes and Electro-Cap in a randomized order: 1. Standard EEG with standard EEG electrodes, 2. Micro-EEG with standard EEG electrodes, and 3. Micro-EEG with Electro-Cap electrodes.
Altered Mental Status
Generalized Nonconvulsive Seizure Disorder
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Diagnostic Utility of Emergency Electroencephalography in Identifying Non-convulsive Seizure and Subclinical Status Epilepticus in Patients With Altered Mental Status|
- Diagnostic Utility of Emergency Electroencephalography in Identifying Non-convulsive Seizure and Subclinical Status Epilepticus in Patients with Altered Mental Status (AMS) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative likelihood ratios of micro-EEG in identifying non-convulsive seizures and abnormal brain activities
- The concordance of EEG interpretations between micro-EEG and standard EEG recordings
|Study Start Date:||April 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Formulated Research Question:
Population: ED patients with altered mental status (AMS) Intervention: Micro-EEG Comparison: Standard EEG Outcomes: 1. Sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative likelihood ratios of micro-EEG in identifying non-convulsive seizures and abnormal brain activities 2. The concordance of EEG interpretations between micro-EEG and standard EEGs recordings Design Prospective cross-sectional
Altered Mental Status: Any acute change in level of arousability or responsiveness (e.g. confusion, lethargy, delirium, coma, aphasia, disinhibition, labile/blunted affect or unexpected psychosis).
Types of AMS (for the purpose of the study):
- AMS alone
- AMS with non-specific motor activity (subtle motor movement such as eye blinking, nystagmus, focal motor movements, or myoclonus)
- Prolonged AMS following one or more tonic-clonic seizures suggesting status epilepticus Non-convulsive seizure (NCZ):A seizure without clonic or tonic activity or other convulsive motor activity.
Status Epilepticus (SE):SE is defined as 1. More than 30 minutes of continuous seizure activity or 2. Two or more sequential seizures without recovery of consciousness between seizures.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01355211
|United States, New York|
|450 Clarkson Avenue|
|Brooklyn, New York, United States, 11203|
|Principal Investigator:||Shahriar Zehtabchi, MD||Recruiting|