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Mental Health Related to School Dropout in Luxembourg

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified May 2011 by Public Research Centre Health, Luxembourg.
Recruitment status was:  Enrolling by invitation
Fonds National de la Recherche
Université de Liège
Hôpital du Kirchberg
Ministère de l'Education nationale et de la Formation professionnelle
Information provided by:
Public Research Centre Health, Luxembourg Identifier:
First received: May 11, 2011
Last updated: May 13, 2011
Last verified: May 2011
This study aims to investigate psychosocial risk- and protective factors such as psychiatric disorder, socio-economic background and family functioning among school dropouts and to compare the findings with those by a matched control group of regularly enrolled students.

Anxiety Disorders
Mood Disorders
Eating Disorders
Substance-related Disorders
Impulse Control Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Antisocial Personality Disorder

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Psychosocial Risk- and Protective Factors of Secondary School Dropout in Luxembourg: an Exploratory Case-control Study

Further study details as provided by Public Research Centre Health, Luxembourg:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Prevalence and type of psychiatric disorders [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ]
    Odds ratios of psychiatric disorders between cases and controls

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Family variables (task fulfillment,role performance, communication, affective expression, connectedness, control behaviour, values and standards) [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ]
    Odds ratios of family variables as predictors of interest and school dropout. As associations between the primary outcome measure and school dropout may vary with family variables, interactions between family variables and classes of mental disorders will be analyzed.

  • Socio-economic background (low, medium, high) [ Time Frame: 1.5 years ]
    Odds ratios of socio-economic background as predictor of interest and school dropout. As associations between psychiatric disorders and school dropout may vary with socio-economic background, interactions between socio-economic background and classes of mental disorders will be analyzed.

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: January 2011
School dropouts
Students who quit school without graduation
Normally enrolled students matched for age, gender, school and educational level

Detailed Description:

In Luxembourg, the national authorities had to face school dropout rates of more than 15%. As a result, they introduced accompanying and preventive measures to reduce linguistic and cultural risk factors that may impede educational engagement and vocational decisions. Since 2006, the dropout rate has overall declined. However the proportion of early school leavers who remain without any specific occupation is still alarming.

This study aims to identify psychosocial risk - and protective factors of secondary school dropout in order to deliver solid insight on how to tailor early detection and intervention programs.

In the light of prior findings, the investigators hypothesize that school dropouts have significantly more mental health problems than their peers who go to school. They are also more likely to report a poor socio-economic background, negative school experiences and difficulties in family functioning.

To test those hypotheses, the investigators will have an exploratory case control study.Recruitment of cases will be prospective, from an exhaustive population of dropouts and recruitment of matched controls will be done by random sampling. Data will be collected using self-report questionnaires on mental health, family life and problematic internet use as well as a structured clinical interview to consider psychiatric diagnosis according to the criteria of DSM IV.


Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Cases: The ministry for education retrieves a monthly record of students classified as "school dropouts", who will be individually invited to participate in the study.

Controls: Normally enrolled students who are matched for age, gender, school and educational grade. Their recruitment will be subsequent to the participation of cases.


Inclusion Criteria:

  • Enrolled in a public secondary school in Luxembourg
  • Cases have to be reported as "school dropouts" in the electronic records of the ministry for education
  • Informed consent obtained and signed by the adolescent and his/her legal guardian if the participant hasn't reached full age
  • Understand German or French, which are the two languages of testing
  • Resident in Luxembourg

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Acute hospitalization or arrest
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01354236

Public Research Centre Health
Luxembourg, Strassen, Luxembourg, 1445
Sponsors and Collaborators
Public Research Centre Health, Luxembourg
Fonds National de la Recherche
Université de Liège
Hôpital du Kirchberg
Ministère de l'Education nationale et de la Formation professionnelle
Study Director: Marie-Lise Lair Public Research Centre Health, Luxembourg
Principal Investigator: Pascale Esch Public Research Centre Health, Luxembourg
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Pascale Esch, Public Research Centre Health, Luxembourg Identifier: NCT01354236     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AFR-CESP-20100403
Study First Received: May 11, 2011
Last Updated: May 13, 2011

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anxiety Disorders
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Mood Disorders
Personality Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Pathologic Processes
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders processed this record on May 24, 2017