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The Effectiveness of Massage in Treating Constipation

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw Identifier:
First received: April 15, 2011
Last updated: May 13, 2011
Last verified: March 2010
The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of massage based on the tensegrity rule and classical abdominal massage in persons with constipation.

Condition Intervention
Other: massage based on the tensegrity rule
Other: massage - classical abdominal

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Comparison of the Effectiveness of Massage Based on the Tensegrity Rule and Classical Abdominal Massage in Persons With Constipation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Patient Questionnaire (including Rome Test) [ Time Frame: baseline (immediately before the first massage session) ]
    The aims of the Patient Questionnaire were to proof constipation presence and supply evidence of the frequency and the quality of bowel movements, and to compare them with the state from Diary

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Diary of Bowel Movements [ Time Frame: on 7th day and 21st day from the 1st massage session ]
    The aims of the Diary were to supply documentary evidence of the frequency and the quality of bowel movements, and to compare them with the state from before the experiment (the Patient Questionnaire).

Enrollment: 29
Study Start Date: June 2007
Study Completion Date: March 2010
Primary Completion Date: February 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: tensegrity massage
In this group of patients massage sessions based on the tensegrity method were applied.
Other: massage based on the tensegrity rule
The massage consist of brushing the skin, stroking of the lower abdominal integuments. Elastic deformation of the thoracolumbar fascia. Then the abdominal integuments were elastically deformed by kneading to normalize the rest tension of the muscles of the abdominal integuments as well as, indirectly, the myofascial apparatus of the pelvic floor and in this way improve venous blood and lymph outflow from the large intestine and the sigmoid colon area. The next treatment stage - performing circular movements within the limits of the skin's mobility at 1/3 of the medial part of the thigh. By stroking movements in the direction of the armpit in accordance with the run of the thoracoepigastric and costalaxillary veins. Then the intercostal muscles were deformed.
Active Comparator: classical massage
In this group of patients classical massage sessions were applied
Other: massage - classical abdominal
The classical abdominal massage consisted of circular movements performed on the abdominal integuments by superficial and deep stroking techniques according to the colonic route (clockwise)

Detailed Description:
Constipation can be defined as "an embarrassing ailment of the 21st century". It affects about 20-25% of the population, women as well as men, but occurs more frequently in women (female:male ratio of 2.2:1). Persons of different age suffer from it. Constipation is a bothersome ailment which negatively affects the general physical and mental state, lowers physical and mental fitness, significantly hinders professional work, and decreases life comfort As the factors which contribute to the occurrence of constipation are very diverse and complex, the treatment is a long-term and slow process. There are numerous conservative treatment methods for constipation, such as physical treatments, reflexotherapy, biofeedback, pharmacotherapy, and modification of lifestyle. There is also a possibility of applying classical massage in persons with constipation. However, observations of the authors suggest it is not a therapy commonly applied.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. age from 18 to 70 years old
  2. after therapy with Vermoks 2*1/ 3 regardless of body weight
  3. negative Elis test for lambliasis
  4. proper laboratory tests results: bilirubin, FA, GGTP, AspAT, AlAT
  5. ultrasound scan of the abdominal cavity
  6. positive interview based on questionnaire

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. present cancer or prior cancer treatment, if there is no clear agreement of the involved oncologist
  2. renal insufficiency > II NYHA
  3. cardiovascular problems
  4. respiratory insufficiency > II degree GOLD
  5. unstable coronary disease
  6. hypertensive crisis
  7. liver insufficiency
  8. prior liver transplant
  9. prior or active hepatitis
  10. jaundice
  11. prior surgical treatments except: appendectomy >5 years before, cholecystectomy 5 years before
  12. unequalized endocrinopathies
  13. metabolic storage diseases
  14. diabetes
  15. nephrolithiasis
  16. cholelithiasis
  17. pancreatitis
  18. chronic diseases of the intestines
  19. diseases of the muscles
  20. pregnancy
  21. parasite infections of the digestive system (infection with human roundworm, lambliasis)
  22. age above 18 years old
  23. BMI> 33
  24. improper ultrasound scan result or laboratory tests results
  25. blood presence in feces
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01354080

University School of Physical Education in Wrocław
Wrocław, Wroclaw destrict, Poland, 51-612
Sponsors and Collaborators
University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw
Study Chair: Krzysztof Kassolik, PhD University School of Physical Education in Wrocław
  More Information

Kassolik K, Andrzejewski W, Trzęsicka E. Role of the Tensegrity Rule in Theoretical Basis of Massage Therapy. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation 20(1):1053-8127, 2007.
Kassolik K, Andrzejewski W, Trzęsicka E, Charlton G. Anatomical Grounds for the Use of the Tensegrity Principle in Massage. Fizjoterapia Polska 3(4) vol. 7: 332-343, 2007.

Responsible Party: Marek Woźniewski, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw Identifier: NCT01354080     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 03constip2011KASS
Study First Received: April 15, 2011
Last Updated: May 13, 2011

Keywords provided by University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms processed this record on May 22, 2017