Guided Self-Help for Parents of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
|Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder||Behavioral: CBT Based Self-help Workbook + Counseling Telephone|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Guided Self-Help for Parents of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Feasibility and Effectiveness Study|
- Total score of the Symptom Checklist Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (SCL-ADHD, Döpfner, Görtz-Dorten & Lehmkuhl, 2008 [ Time Frame: one year ]Questionnaire assesses the diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV and ICD-10 for ADHD. Informant is participating parent.
- Strengths & Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]Questionnaire assesses comorbid symptoms. Informant is the participating parent.
- Quality of Life Questionnaire KINDL (Ravens-Sieberer & Bullinger, 2000) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]Questionnaire assesses child´s quality of life. Informant is participating parent.
|Study Start Date:||May 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Behavioral: CBT Based Self-help Workbook + Counseling Telephone
Over a period of 12 months parents work through 8 self-help booklets and additionally receive 14 counseling telephone calls. The intervention has a cognitive-behavioral foundation and is based on the therapy manual "Therapy program for children with hyperactive and oppositional problem behavior THOP" (Döpfner, Schürmann, & Frölich, 2007) and the parent self-help book "Wackelpeter and Trotzkopf: Help for parents of children with hyperkinetic and oppositional behavior" (Döpfner, Schürmann, & Lehmkuhl, 2006). Primary purpose of counseling telephone calls is to clarify contents of the booklets and support parents in managing their homework assignments accompanied with each booklet.
Self-directed interventions may overcome many of the barriers associated with accessing face-to-face services, as there is lowered stigma and significantly reduced or eliminated cost, transport, and timing difficulties. Families can complete self-directed programs at home, in their own time and at their own pace. Furthermore self-administered programs are often very cost-effective and their use can ease the financial burden of mental health of the community. These parenting programs can be particularly effective by reaching the populace. Moreover in primary care settings where financial resources, time and expertise might be lacking to provide behavioral interventions, self-directed programs might be a promising tool for disseminating effective parenting interventions more widely.
Bibliotherapy is one form of self-directed therapy. In bibliotherapy a selected book is thought to meet the specific need of the person to be treated and reading is used as the therapeutic technique. In opposition to pure self-help programs, bibliotherapy in terms of guided self-help provides patients (or parents) with written instructions as well as therapeutic contacts at regular intervals. During these contacts, problems and questions can be discussed to give further support. Self-help interventions have already proven to be effective for adults with anxiety or affective disorders as well as for depressive adolescents. However there has only been little research concerning the reduction of children's behaviour problems through parental self-help programs under minimal contact conditions.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01351246
|Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy at the University of Cologne|
|Cologne, NRW, Germany, 50931|
|Principal Investigator:||Manfred Döpfner, PhD||University of Cologne|