Using Computers to Assist in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

This study has been completed.
National Library of Medicine (NLM)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aaron Carroll, Indiana University Identifier:
First received: May 9, 2011
Last updated: November 13, 2012
Last verified: November 2012

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder in children. Prevalence rates in the United States range from 2% to 18% depending on diagnostic criteria and population studied. Primary care physicians, especially pediatricians, have historically played a large role in the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD. Despite the existence of authoritative guidelines to assist primary care physicians, ample evidence demonstrates that they continue to diagnose and treat this disorder suboptimally. This is due, in part, to a lack of training and cumbersome delivery system designs. Modern computer decision support strategies offer the best hope of equipping general practitioners to deal with the mental health epidemic of ADHD.

The investigators have developed a novel decision support system for implementing clinical guidelines in pediatric practice. CHICA (Child Health Improvement through Computer Automation) combines three elements: (1) pediatric guidelines encoded in Arden Syntax; (2) a dynamic, scannable paper user interface; and (3) an HL7-compliant interface to existing electronic medical record systems. The result is a system that both delivers "just-in-time" patient-relevant guidelines to physicians during the clinical encounter, and accurately captures structured data from all who interact with it. Preliminary work with CHICA has demonstrated the feasibility of using the system to implement and evaluate clinical guidelines. The investigators propose to expand CHICA to include ADHD diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The investigators hypothesize that implementation of the ADHD guidelines will result in better outcomes, including higher rates of adherence to recommendations and improved patient functioning.

The specific research aims of this proposal are:

Aim 1: Expand and modify an existing computer-based decision support system (CHICA) to include ADHD treatment and diagnosis guideline rules as well as the capability to fax data directly into the medical record.

Aim 2: Evaluate the effect of the CHICA system on the processes of ADHD care in pediatric practices, including adherence to guidelines for ADHD treatment and diagnosis.

Condition Intervention
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Other: CHICA ADHD Module

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Indiana University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of children diagnosed with ADHD [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of children screened for ADHD [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 84
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: July 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: CHICA ADHD Module
This arm received The CHICA ADHD Module
Other: CHICA ADHD Module
This module was added to CHICA to help diagnose and manage ADHD
No Intervention: CHICA ADHD Control
This arm received CHICA without the ADHD module


Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 12 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Child between age 5 and 12 years seen in one of our clinics
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01351064

United States, Indiana
Children's Health Services Research
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Sponsors and Collaborators
Indiana University
National Library of Medicine (NLM)
Principal Investigator: Aaron E Carroll, MD, MS Indiana University School of Medicine
  More Information

No publications provided by Indiana University

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Aaron Carroll, Assoc. Prof of Pediatrics, Indiana University Identifier: NCT01351064     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CHICA_ADHD_Study, R01LM010031
Study First Received: May 9, 2011
Last Updated: November 13, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Indiana University:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Mental Disorders
Mental Disorders Diagnosed in Childhood
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms processed this record on November 27, 2015