Interventionist Procedures for Adherence to Weight Loss Recommendations in Black Adolescents

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01350531
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2011 by Wayne State University.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : May 9, 2011
Last Update Posted : May 9, 2011
Information provided by:
Wayne State University

Brief Summary:

To date, attempts to construct effective weight loss interventions for African American adolescents with obesity (AAAO) have largely failed. While effective weight loss strategies and skills have been identified, lifestyle changes require youth and their families to learn new dietary and exercise behavior with repeated skills practice in natural ecology of the family. A major barrier is motivation of both parents and adolescents to engage in treatment and to adhere to behavior change recommendations. Advances in the science of increasing human motivation (both intrinsic and extrinsic) that could inform intervention development for minority youth with obesity have been insufficiently applied to date to the process of intervention development. The study brings together a multidisciplinary research group comprised of obesity intervention researchers with extensive experience in adolescent health behavior change research, basic behavioral scientists with experience in motivation and learning research and communication scientists with experience in provider-family interactions within urban populations. Basic science obesity researchers will inform intervention development by contributing a strong background in the physiological correlates of obesity. Finally experts in the area of community interventions for African American adolescents will contribute to the effective transport of these interventions to real-world settings. The overarching aims of the study are: To refine intervention protocols from our preliminary studies that maximize adolescent and parent skills, informed by learning theory, through the use of home and community-based interventions in which in-vivo opportunities are used to promote practice in making changes in dietary, exercise and sedentary behaviors in AAAO and their families (PHASE I); To develop intervention protocols that utilize findings from basic science regarding intrinsic and extrinsic motivation to maximize adolescent and family adherence to recommendations for obesity-related behavior change in AAAO and their families (PHASE I); To develop an adaptive intervention using a sequential multiple randomized assignment trial (SMART design) (PHASE II); To refine the intervention including qualitative analysis of interviews from participant families and to develop further community participation in preparation for a confirmatory randomized clinical trial (PHASE III).

There are two proposed hypotheses for this study:

  1. Families initially receiving home/community delivery of Motivational Interviewing (MI)/skills training will show greater weight loss over the course of the study than families receiving initial office-based delivery of MI/skills training.
  2. Non-responders receiving home/community delivery of MI/skills training with Contingency Management (CM) will show greater weight loss than non-responders receiving MI/skills training alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obesity Behavioral: Skills training Behavioral: Contingency Management Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Interventionist Procedures for Adherence to Weight Loss Recommendations in Black Adolescents, Phase Two
Study Start Date : September 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Skills training Behavioral: Skills training
This component includes skills most proximal to adhering to the eating and weight loss plan (e.g., calorie counting, making healthy food choices, measuring food portions, scheduling snacks and meals, meal planning, completing food logs daily, following an exercise plan).

Experimental: Contingency Management Behavioral: Contingency Management
Contingency management uses behavioral principles to counteract the reinforcing mechanisms of food and inactivity.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in weight-related outcomes at 6 months and 9 months [ Time Frame: 6 months, 9 months ]
    We will be measuring participants' height, weight and percentage of body fat (Bioelectrical impedance analysis).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in Adherence to Weight Loss Recommendations at 6 months and 9 months. [ Time Frame: 6 months, 9 months ]
    Objective measures of cardiovascular fitness will be used in addition to the BLOCK Kids Food Frequency Questionnaire, and the Frequency of Fast Food Use Questionnaire.

  2. Change in Physiological Functioning from month 1 to 7 months [ Time Frame: 1 month, 7 months ]
    Blood samples will be obtained after a 10-12 hour fast for measurement of plasma glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglyceride levels.

  3. Change from Baseline in Motivation at 6 months and 9 months [ Time Frame: 6 months, 9 months ]
    The Importance Ruler measure assesses how important different behaviors are to teens with regard to their weight loss. An analogous measure will be used to measure the importance of different behaviors in caregivers, as well.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 16 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. African American adolescents age range from 12 years to 16 years and 11 months with obesity (BMI>=95th percentile or BMI>30).
  2. Adolescents may have primary obesity or obesity in combination with other medical co-morbidities.
  3. Youth with mild mental retardation may be included if they are capable of reading and understanding the study measures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Obesity secondary to medication use for another disorder;
  2. Obesity in a youth with medical condition that prevents their participation in normal exercise;
  3. African American adolescent with obesity (AAAO) with thought disorders;
  4. AAAO with serious cognitive impairments;
  5. AAAO who are pregnant or have a medical condition where weight loss is contraindicated;
  6. AAAO who do not live with their primary caregiver.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01350531

Contact: Sylvie Naar-King, Ph.D. 313-745-4875
Contact: Rice

United States, Michigan
Wayne State University Recruiting
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Contact: Shetoya Rice    313-557-6556   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wayne State University
Principal Investigator: Sylvie Naar-King, Ph.D. Wayne State University
Principal Investigator: K-L Cathy Jen, Ph.D. Wayne State University

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Sylvie Naar-King, Ph.D., Wayne State University Identifier: NCT01350531     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1U01HL097889 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 9, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 9, 2011
Last Verified: January 2011

Keywords provided by Wayne State University:
African American adolescents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Weight Loss
Body Weight Changes
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms