Prospective Study Phase: Retinal Oxygen Saturation, Blood Flow, Vascular Function and High Resolution Morphometric Imaging in the Living Human Eye
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
Age Related Macular Degeneration
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Prospective Study Phase: Retinal Oxygen Saturation, Blood Flow, Vascular Function and High Resolution Morphometric Imaging in the Living Human Eye|
- Cross-sectional relationship between retinal / ON oxygen saturation, vascular dysregulation and retinal morphometry [ Time Frame: 5 years ]To investigate the cross-sectional relationship between retinal / ON oxygen saturation, vascular dysregulation and retinal morphometry in groups of patients at risk of progres
- Prospective relationship between retinal/ON oxygen saturation disturbances, vascular dysregulation, retinal morphometry and clinical outcomes [ Time Frame: 5 years ]To establish the prospective relationship between retinal/ON oxygen saturation disturbances, vascular dysregulation, retinal morphometry and clinical outcomes in patients at risk of progression of ARMD, POAG and DR and age-matched healthy controls
- Topographic distribution of retinal / ON oxygen saturation disturbance, vascular dysfunction and change in morphometric parameters [ Time Frame: 5 years ]To investigate the topographic distribution of retinal / ON oxygen saturation disturbance, vascular dysfunction and change in morphometric parameters in groups of patients at risk of progression of ARMD, POAG and DR
|Study Start Date:||March 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
1. ARMD Study arm
The ARMD study arm (n=150) consists of 3 groups. The groups are organised according to established risk criteria for clinical progression (AREDS, 2003).
Group 1A (n=50); Early stage ARMD with low risk of progression; several small drusen, or a few medium-sized drusen, in one or both eyes. One eye will be randomly selected for the study.
Group 2A (n=50); Intermediate ARMD with high risk of progression to advanced ARMD; many medium-sized drusen, or one or more large drusen, in one or both eyes. More severely affected eyewill be selected for the study.
Group 3A (n=50); In one eye only, either a break-down of light-sensitive cells and supporting tissue in the central retinal area (i.e. geographic atrophy), or abnormal and fragile blood vessels under the retina (i.e. choroidal neovascular membrane formation). The fellow eye is at high risk of progression to advanced ARMD. The fellow eye will be selected for the study.
2. POAG study arm
Patient groups are organised according to established risk criteria for clinical progression (EMGT, 2003).
Group 1P (n=36); Stable, early to moderate, treated patients with POAG. Early to moderate POAG is defined as having an untreated IOP prior to treatment of >21mmHg and a repeatable visual field defect with a Mean Deviation of <12dB and/or documented but stable ONH appearance, consistent with a diagnosis of glaucoma.
Group 2P (n=36); Early to moderate, treated patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG). Normal Tension Glaucoma is defined using the same criteria as POAG but with an untreated IOP of <21mmHg throughout the day. This group has NTG and is thought to be at increased risk of vascular dysfunction due to loss of ONH perfusion.
Group 3P (n=36); Early to moderate, treated patients with POAG or NTG with recurrent disc hemorrhage (indicative of progression).
3. DR study arm
DR patient groups are organised according to established risk factors for the clinical progression of DR (increasing from Groups 1 A to 3 A, ETDRS, 1991). We will recruit 41 patients per group (Klein et al, 1984).
Group 1D (n=41); Type 2 diabetic patients with no, or minimal, clinically visible DR. These patients are at low risk of developing sight-threatening DR.
Group 2D (n=41); Type 2 diabetic patients with microaneurysms and / or hard exudates within 2 disc diameters of the fovea and no clinical evidence of retinal thickening. These patients are at increased risk of developing DME.
Group 3D (n=41); Type 2 diabetic patients with the typical features of moderate-to-severe DR i.e. venous beading, intra-retinal microvascular abnormalities (IRMA) and dark blot intra-retinal haemorrhages. These patients are at a much increased risk of developing proliferative DR and/or ischemic maculopathy.
This research will add to our basic knowledge in predicting the development of sight-threatening change in patient with the ARMD, diabetic retinopathy and primary open glaucoma, and facilitate earlier detection of the problem to help us discover earlier treatments for people with these conditions. The reliability of each imaging technology will be assessed by determining its ability to differentiate between diseased and healthy eyes. Through this proposed Research Program, and in conjunction with our international academic and private sector partners, we will build and develop unique quantitative imaging technologies to:
- Comprehensively assess the blood supply to, and vascular regulation characteristics of the posterior segment of the eye, a diagnostic capability that is currently severely limited.
- Assess oxygen saturation disturbances in the retina and ON that occur prior to clinically detectable changes, diagnostic capability that currently does not exist
- Using the retinal blood supply and oxygen saturation parameters, we will derive net oxygen delivery to the retina and optic nerve head (ONH), a diagnostic capability that does not exist.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01348672
|Toronto Western Hospital|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T 2S8|
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher Hudson, OD, PhD||Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto Western Research Institute, University of Toronto, University of Waterloo|