Efficacy of a Brief Alcohol Intervention for Non Dependant Alcohol-misusing Patients Undergoing a Scheduled Surgery (ITBCHIR)
Excessive alcohol consumption is a worldwide major public health problem. Brief interventions have shown to be an efficient treatment modality for problem drinkers, but have never been tested in scheduled surgery.
Patients will be recruited in various surgery units in 7 hospital in France. All patients attending a scheduled surgery will be screened during the visit with the anaesthesist by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Patients aged 30-75 with an AUDIT between 7 and 12, corresponding to at risk or harmful use, will be proposed to enter a control study and randomized between a brief intervention by a trained nurse during the post-surgery hospitalisation and no intervention. Twelve months after the surgery, a research technician will interview by telephone patients and evaluate AUDIT and alcohol consumption of the last month.
Other: Brief Alcohol intervention
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Efficacy of a Brief Alcohol Intervention for Non Dependant Alcohol-misusing Patients Undergoing a Scheduled Surgery: a Randomized Controlled Trial|
- Rate of patients getting back to an Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test score <7 [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- Evolution of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test score [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- Alcohol consumption in the month preceding the final evaluation at 1 year [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- Gamma-GT and CDT evolution [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- Frequency of normalization of gamma-GT and CDT measures [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- Rate of patients in the Brief Alcohol Intervention group getting back to an Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test score <7, with stratification on the Prochaska score [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- Feeling of the patients towards the Brief Alcohol Intervention [ Time Frame: 1 year ]recollection, acceptability, relevance, recollection of the recall at 3 months, acceptability of the recall at 3 months
- Prevalence of alcohol misuse, with or without dependence, in patients seen in pre-anaesthesia consultation [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Proportion of total population presenting an increase in gamma-GT and CDT in comparison with upper limits of normal [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Brief Alcohol Intervention||
Other: Brief Alcohol intervention
Brief intervention consists typically in a brief assessment, giving patients personal feedback, dealing with resistance and ambivalence, establishing a goal of reduced alcohol use, and giving a workbook; reinforcement visits or calls are included.
Other Name: BAI
|No Intervention: No intervention|
Excessive alcohol consumption is a worldwide major public health problem. Persons who drink more than 2-3 drinks per day are at risk for numerous medical, psychological and social problems. Brief interventions have shown to be an efficient treatment modality for problem drinkers in settings such as primary care, emergencies or psychiatric hospitals by numerous randomized studies. Brief intervention consists typically in a brief assessment, giving patients personal feedback, dealing with resistance and ambivalence, establishing a goal of reduced alcohol use, and giving a workbook; reinforcement visits or calls are included. Brief interventions seem to be particularly effective in patients with alcohol problem without dependence.
Screening for alcohol problem is best done using standardized questionnaires, as the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), developed by WHO and translated in many languages. The AUDIT allows distinguishing between normal alcohol use, harmful or at risk use and dependence and is easy to use.
No study on brief intervention has been conducted in scheduled surgery. This seems to be a promising situation, since there is first a visit with the anaesthetist, during which screening for alcohol problem should occur, then a hospitalisation, during which the intervention could be made. It is possible that patients are more concerned by their health when they come to hospital for a surgery.
The aim of this controlled, randomized study is to test the hypothesis that a brief intervention, consisting in a visit with a trained nurse, followed by a telephone call three months later, in patients with at risk or harmful alcohol use, undergoing a scheduled surgery, could be efficient to promote the decrease of alcohol consumption.
Patients will be screened during the visit with the anaesthetist with AUDIT. Patients with AUDIT between 7 and 12 will be proposed to enter the study, and randomised between Brief Intervention and no intervention. A research technician will interview patients 12 months after the surgery, with assessment of the AUDIT and alcohol consumption. CDT and GGT will be measured prior to surgery, then at 12 months after surgery.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01348113
|Unité d'Alcoologie et Hépatologie Générale, Département d'Anesthésie Réanimation- Hôpital de Pontchaillou|
|Rennes, France, 35033|
|Principal Investigator:||Romain MOIRAND, MD, PhD||Rennes University Hospital|
|Study Chair:||Jean-Michel REYMANN, PhD||Rennes University Hospital|