Peer to Peer Mentoring For Individuals With Early Inflammatory Arthritis: An Effectiveness Study (Pilot RCT)- Peer Mentoring Program (P2P EIA RCT)
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
Early Inflammatory Arthritis
Behavioral: One-on-one peer support
Behavioral: Standard of care
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Peer to Peer Mentoring For Individuals With Early Inflammatory Arthritis: An Effectiveness Study (Pilot RCT)- Peer Mentoring Program|
- Use of orally administered DMARD or biologic treatment [ Time Frame: 0 months (baseline), immediate post-program, 3 months post-program ]Use of orally administered DMARD or biologic treatment in individuals with EIA as determined indirectly through the modified Morisky scale for medication adherence
- Self-efficacy [ Time Frame: 0 months (baseline), immediate post-program, 3 months post-program ]Self-efficacy using Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease 6-Item Scale (SES)
- Health-related quality of life [ Time Frame: 0 months (baseline), immediate post-program, 3 months post-program ]Health-related quality of life as measured by the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales, 2nd edition (AIMS2
- Anxiety [ Time Frame: 0 months (baseline), immediate post-program, 3 months post-program ]Anxiety is measured by the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales, 2nd edition (AIMS2), dimension sub score for anxiety
- Coping-efficacy [ Time Frame: 0 months (baseline), immediate post-program, 3 months post-program ]Coping-efficacy as assessed using a measure developed by Gignac et al. (2000)
- Social support [ Time Frame: 0 months (baseline), immediate post-program, 3 months post-program ]Social support as measured by Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey (MOSSS)
- Self-management [ Time Frame: 0 months (baseline), immediate post-program, 3 months post-program ]Self-management as evaluated using Patient Activation Measure (PAM) to measure the knowledge, skills, and confidence aspects of self management
- Disease activity [ Time Frame: 0 months (baseline), immediate post-program, 3 months post-program ]Disease activity as assessed using the Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI): A rheumatologist from the research team will conduct clinical assessments for CDAI score, which is a propensity score for disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis. It accounts for upper extremity tender and swollen joints, and patient and evaluator impressions of disease progression
|Study Start Date:||May 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: One-on-one peer support
The peer support intervention will take the form of a one-on-one peer mentoring program, either face-to-face or by telephone.
Behavioral: One-on-one peer support
The peer support intervention will take the form of a one-on-one peer mentoring program, using a mutually agreed upon method of communication between each pair of peer mentor and EIA participant (either by telephone or face-to-face meeting at a neutral public location). The research team will pair trained peer mentors and individuals with EIA as closely as possible based on such characteristics as sex, age, working status, and specific disease/type of IA. Peer mentors will be responsible to initiate and maintain contact with individuals with EIA. Individuals with EIA and peer mentors will be asked to have contact once a week for 30 minutes during the 12-week study period. Meetings/ interactions will not be prescribed; rather they will be defined by the individual with EIA. Peer mentors will provide support based on the needs of the individual they are mentoring. As such the nature of each interaction is likely to vary among pairs and from one interaction to the next.
Active Comparator: Control - Standard of care
"Standard of care" is at the discretion of the treating rheumatologist.
Behavioral: Standard of care
"Standard of care" is at the discretion of the treating rheumatologist. In addition to information and patient education about the underlying disease process provided at the time of diagnosis, it may include referral to allied health professionals (e.g., physiotherapist, occupational therapist, podiatrist, social worker). This may be via referral to The Arthritis Society or directly to individual practitioners. In addition, it may include referral to voluntary support programs in the community (e.g., Arthritis Self-Management Program).
Background: The investigators are proposing to examine the effectiveness of a peer support program, the aim of which is to assist individuals with early inflammatory arthritis (EIA) to receive the education and support they need to make decisions to manage their disease. Peer support (including informational, emotional, appraisal support) has been shown to assist persons with chronic conditions and may address challenges with receiving timely and proper treatment in persons with EIA.
Purpose: The goal of this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the effectiveness of peer support to improve the health and quality of life of individuals with EIA. The investigators hypothesize that early peer support will result in improved use of treatment, self-efficacy, coping efficacy, social support, health-related quality of life, self-management, and disease activity score, as well as reduced anxiety for individuals with EIA within two years of their diagnosis.
Methods: This proposal builds on a pilot study, currently underway, to develop and evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of a peer support intervention for persons with EIA. The proposed effectiveness study will employ a RCT design with a wait list control group. Individuals with IA (diagnosis 2 or more years) will be trained as peer mentors using the revised pilot study training program. Peer mentors will be matched with a person newly diagnosed with IA to provide one-on-one support (face-to-face or telephone) over a 12-week period. Individuals with EIA will be recruited from rheumatology clinics at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and Mount Sinai Hospital. Individuals with EIA will be randomized to either "intervention" or "standard care" (wait list). All "standard care" participants with EIA will receive the peer mentoring program at the end of study period; their outcomes will be also be evaluated. Both "intervention" and "standard care" participants will complete clinical assessments and self-administered questionnaires before and after (immediate post-program and 3-month follow-up) study completion to evaluate use of treatment, self-efficacy, coping efficacy, social support, health-related quality of life, anxiety, self-management, and disease activity count.
Implication: The study aims to improve the education and support for patients with EIA. The data from this study will be used to further refine the intervention and study design to be subsequently submitted for further effectiveness testing in a larger scale RCT.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01347359
|Contact: Mary J Bell, MD, FRCPCfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Paula Veinot, MHScemail@example.com|
|Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre||Recruiting|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M4N 3M5|
|Contact: Mary J Bell, MD, FRCPC 416-480-4580 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Paula Veinot, MHSc email@example.com|
|Sub-Investigator: Joanna Sale, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Sydney Brooks, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Sharron Sandhu, MB BCh, MRCP|
|Mount Sinai Hospital||Recruiting|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T 3L9|
|Principal Investigator: Edward Keystone, MD, FRCPC|
|Sub-Investigator: Deborah Weber, RN, CCRC|
|Principal Investigator:||Mary J Bell, MD, FRCPC||Division of Reumatology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre|