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Incidence of Venous Thromboembolism Following Surgery in Patients With Gastric Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Keun-Wook Lee, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Identifier:
First received: April 29, 2011
Last updated: November 16, 2011
Last verified: November 2011

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has considerably harmful effects on morbidity and mortality of cancer patients. Several guidelines recommendations have been made about the use of anticoagulation for the prevention and treatment of VTE in Western patients with cancer. In Western VTE guidelines, all solid cancer patients receiving abdominal major surgery are strongly recommended to receive pharmacologic prophylactic anticoagulation such as low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in the perioperative periods. These guideline recommendations are based on high incidence of postoperative VTE development in Western cancer patients. However, there have been many cumulative data about the effect of different ethnicity on the VTE development and more and more investigators and clinicians admit that Asian ethnicity has lower incidence of VTE than Western ethnicity. Therefore, it may not be advisable to apply Western guidelines as it is to the clinical situation of Asian cancer patients.

Although gastric cancer is the common cancer in Asia, there is no prospective data on the incidence of VTE development during the postoperative period of gastric cancer surgery. In other words, Asian doctors including Korean clinicians don't know the exact incidence of surgery-related VTE. From their clinical experiences, most Korean surgeons think that the incidence of postoperative VTE development is rare. They also have much concern about the complications such as bleeding that might be caused by routine use of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis during the perioperative periods. Therefore, in most clinical situation, Korean surgeons do not perform perioperative pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis using LMHW. Considering these clinical situations in Korea, the uncritical acceptance of Western guidelines is inappropriate. The necessity of pharmacologic thrombo-prophylaxis can be answered only from the results of the prospective study on the incidence of postoperative VTE development after gastric cancer surgery. Moreover, current surgical trend in cancer patients is minimally invasive approach such as laparoscopic surgery. However, the necessity of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis in patients receiving laparoscopic cancer surgery has not been evaluated even in Western countries. Western guidelines also cannot exactly answer whether pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis is really necessary in cancer patients receiving laparoscopic cancer surgery. On above backgrounds, this study was designed.

Condition Intervention
Gastric Cancer
Venous Thromboembolism
Postoperative Period
Procedure: Gastric surgery

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Incidence of Venous Thromboembolism Following Surgery in Patients With Gastric Cancer; a Prospective Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Seoul National University Bundang Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The incidence of symptomatic or asymptomatic VTE [ Time Frame: 5~12 days after the gastric cancer surgery (by doppler US) or the follow-up period of postoperative 1 month ]
    To evaluate the incidence of symptomatic or asymptomatic VTE detected by Doppler venous ultrasound during postoperative periods in patients with gastric cancer receiving surgery

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Risk factors for the development of VTE [ Time Frame: 5~12 days after the gastric cancer surgery (by doppler US) or the follow-up period of postoperative 1 month ]
    To identify risk factors for the development of VTE in this population

Enrollment: 375
Study Start Date: May 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Patients receiving gastric cancer surgery Procedure: Gastric surgery
Patients receiving gastric cancer surgery will be prospectively observed for the development of venous thromboembolism


Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients with gastric cancer receiving curative or palliative gastric cancer surgery

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of stomach or gastroesophageal junction
  • Age ≥ 20 years
  • Patients receiving curative or palliative abdominal surgery (lasting ≥ 30 minutes) (both open and laparoscopic surgery will be included)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No histological confirmation
  • Patients who already have VTE (or pulmonary embolism) at the screening periods of this study
  • Past medical history of VTE or pulmonary embolism
  • Patients with the history of other cancer (Patients who were disease-free for > 5 years from previous other cancer is allowed to be included in this study)
  • Patients with thrombophilia or other comorbidities requiring anticoagulation (i.e. atrial fibrillation or cerebral infarct requiring anticoagulation
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01345773

Korea, Republic of
Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, Republic of, 463-707
Sponsors and Collaborators
Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Keun-Wook Lee, M.D. & Ph.D., Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Identifier: NCT01345773     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GC-VTE-01
Study First Received: April 29, 2011
Last Updated: November 16, 2011

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomach Neoplasms
Venous Thromboembolism
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases processed this record on May 22, 2017