A Study to Evaluate the Results of Facial Soft Tissue Reconstruction in Patients Who Have Suffered Traumatic Injury (BTI)
Injuries resulting in facial trauma are common, and can have devastating consequences on your quality of life. While the facial bones can often be reconstructed, physicians strive to find better ways to accurately restore injured facial features.
In this clinical trial funded by the Department of Defense, the investigators are evaluating how effectively fat grafting can restore facial features, and how the filling effect of the fat graft lasts over time in participants with visible facial injuries. All procedures for this research study will be performed at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Structural Fat Grafting for Craniofacial Trauma|
- Volume [ Time Frame: 3 months and 9 months post op. ]fat graft volume
- SWAP, COPE and CSQ-8 [ Time Frame: as assessed at baseline, 7-21 days, 3 months and 9 months post op. ]three questionnaires were evaluated: 1) SWAP (satisfaction with appearance scale) is a psychological test for personality diagnosis and clinical case formulation; 14 questions are asked on a scale of 0-7 where 7 indicates descriptive of the subjects and 0 is irrelevant to the subject for a total score range of 0-98. 2) COPE scale assesses a broad range of coping responses over 28 questions scaled from 1-4 with a total score range of 28-112 where the higher score indicates higher frequency of coping mechanisms used by the subject. 3) CSQ-8 assesses patient satisfaction with the treatment through 8 questions ranked 1-4 on a total scale from 8-32 where higher scores indicate greater satisfaction.
|Study Start Date:||September 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Fat Grafting
Twenty (20) subjects who have had severe facial trauma, 18 years of age and older enrolled to clinical trial will receive Fat grafting intervention procedure
|Procedure: Fat Grafting|
The purpose of this research is to evaluate how well the filling effect of the fat remains over time. A person's own fat may be used to improve the appearance of the body by moving it from an area where it is less needed. This is called fat grafting, and it is a common procedure, performed approximately 65,000 times by plastic surgeons in the United State last year. The fat is usually taken from the thighs or abdomen with a small liposuction tube and then moved to an area that has lost volume or fullness due to aging, trauma, surgery, birth defects, or other causes. Typically, the transferred fat results in an increase in volume of the body site being treated.
Fat grafting is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which a person's own fat may be used to improve the appearance of the body by moving it from an area where it is less needed. The fat is usually taken from the thighs or abdomen with a small liposuction tube and then moved to an area that has lost shape or fullness due to injury. This procedure is performed through very small incisions that allow a hollow tube to pass through.
Fat grafting is a common cosmetic and reconstructive procedure. It was performed approximately 65,000 times by plastic surgeons in the United States last year. Typically, the transferred fat results in an increase in volume and shape of the body site being treated. The investigators believe this clinical technique of fat grafting could be of significant benefit to patients with facial injuries. The fat grafting procedure being performed in this trial is considered to be research, but not an experimental procedure.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01345591
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Principal Investigator:||Joseph P Rubin, MD||Associate Professor of Plastic Surgery at the University of Pittsburgh, Faculty appointment-McGowan Institute of Regenerative Medicine|