A Study of Trabectedin or Dacarbazine for the Treatment of Patients With Advanced Liposarcoma or Leiomyosarcoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
PharmaMar
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01343277
First received: April 26, 2011
Last updated: February 19, 2016
Last verified: February 2016
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether overall survival for the trabectedin group is superior to the dacarbazine group for patients with advanced L-sarcoma (liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma).

Condition Intervention Phase
Advanced Liposarcoma or Leiomyosarcoma
Drug: Trabectedin
Drug: Dacarbazine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Controlled Study of YONDELIS (Trabectedin) or Dacarbazine for the Treatment of Advanced Liposarcoma or Leiomyosarcoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: approximately 3 years 8 months (From Study start date [27 May 2011] up to final analysis data cut-off [05 January 2015] ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The OS is defined as the time from the date of first dose of study drug to date of death from any cause. If the participant is alive or the vital status is unknown, the participant will be censored at the date the participant will be last known to be alive.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: approximately 2 years 4 months (From Study start date [27 May 2011] up to interim analysis data cut-off [16 September 2013]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Progression-Free Survival (PFS) was assessed as median number of months from baseline until the first documented sign of disease progression (increase in disease; radiographic, clinical, or both) or death due to any cause, whichever occurred earlier. Independent Data Monitoring Committee performed ongoing safety monitoring and conducted the interim analysis after 189 death events and 329 PFS events were observed.

  • Time to Progression [ Time Frame: approximately 2 years 4 months (From Study start date [27 May 2011] up to interim analysis data cut-off [16 September 2013]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Time interval in months between the date of randomization and the date of disease progression or death due to progression, whichever occurred first.

    Independent Data Monitoring Committee performed ongoing safety monitoring and conducted the interim analysis after 189 death events and 329 PFS events were observed.


  • Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: approximately 2 years 4 months (From Study start date [27 May 2011] up to interim analysis data cut-off [16 September 2013]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The objective response rate (ORR) is defined as the percentage of participants who achieved a Complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) as best responses. according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, Version 1.1 (RECIST). CR defined as disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes must have reduction in short axis to less than 10 millimeter (mm). PR defined as at least 30 percent (%) decrease in sum of the diameters of the target lesions taking as reference the Baseline sum diameters. Confirmed responses are those that persist on repeat imaging study for at least 4 weeks after initial documentation of response. Independent Data Monitoring Committee performed ongoing safety monitoring and conducted the interim analysis after 189 death events and 329 PFS events were observed.

  • Duration of Response [ Time Frame: approximately 2 years 4 months (From Study start date [27 May 2011] up to interim analysis data cut-off [16 September 2013]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Duration of response is defined as the time from the date of initial documentation of a response (CR or PR) to the date of first documented evidence of progressive disease (or relapse for participants who experience CR during the study) or death.

    Independent Data Monitoring Committee performed ongoing safety monitoring and conducted the interim analysis after 189 death events and 329 PFS events were observed.


  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: approximately 3 years 8 months (From Study start date [27 May 2011] up to final analysis data cut-off [05 January 2015]) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. An SAE was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly.


Enrollment: 579
Study Start Date: June 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2016
Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Trabectedin Drug: Trabectedin
Type=exactly number, unit=mg/m2, number=1.5, form=intravenous infusion, route=intravenous use. Once every 3 weeks until disease progression or signs of toxicity.
Active Comparator: Dacarbazine Drug: Dacarbazine
Type=exactly number, unit=g/m2, number=1, form=intravenous infusion, route=intravenous use. Once every 3 weeks until disease progression or signs of toxicity.

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized study (study drug assigned by chance) using a 2:1 randomization. It is an open-label (all people know study drug), active-controlled (comparing to a different drug used for the same condition), parallel-group (different treatment groups continue with separate treatments throughout the study), multicenter study. This study will be divided into 3 phases, screening, treatment, follow-up and optional extension phase (OEP). During screening, potential participants will be assessed for study eligibility after providing signed informed consent. Approximately 570 patients who satisfy all inclusion and exclusion criteria will be randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to either the trabectedin (n=380) or dacarbazine (n=190) treatment groups. During the treatment phase, patients will receive study drug once every 3 weeks, until disease progression (defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] Version 1.1 criteria) or signs of toxicity. Assessments will be performed to evaluate the effectiveness of the drug, and patient safety will be monitored. During the follow-up phase, after the last dose of study drug, clinical outcomes for patients will be evaluated. Trabectedin will be administered at a dose of 1.5 milligram per square meters (mg/m^2) through a catheter into a large vein as a 24-hour intravenous (IV) infusion, once every 3 weeks, until disease progression or signs of toxicity. Dacarbazine will be administered at a dose of 1.0 g/m^2 as a 20-120 minute infusion, once every 3 weeks, until disease progression or signs of toxicity. In the OEP, participants who were previously randomized to the dacarbazine group will have the option to receive trabectedin at the discretion of the investigator.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically proven, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic liposarcoma (dedifferentiated, myxoid round cell, or pleomorphic) or leiomyosarcoma. Participants must have a pathology report indicating the diagnosis of liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma that has been reviewed by the sponsor before randomization may occur
  • Treated in any order with at least: an anthracycline and ifosfamide containing regimen, or an anthracycline containing regimen and 1 additional cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen
  • Measurable disease at baseline in accordance with RECIST Version 1.1
  • Pathology specimens (example [e.g.], tumor blocks or unstained slides) for potential centralized pathology review and biomarker studies
  • ECOG Performance Status score of 0 or 1
  • Adequate recovery from prior therapy, all side effects (except alopecia) have resolved to Grade 1 or less according to the National Cancer Institute - Common Terminology Criteria of Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) Version 4.0
  • Adequate organ function as evidenced by the following peripheral blood counts or serum chemistry values: hemoglobin 9 gram per deciliters (g/dL), absolute neutrophil count (ANC) 1,500/L, platelet count 100,000/L, serum creatinine 1.5*the upper limit of normal (ULN), creatine phosphokinase (CPK) 2.5 Upper Limit of Normal [ULN]
  • Adequate hepatic function as evidenced by the following serum chemistry values: total bilirubin, ULN. If total bilirubin is greater than (>) ULN, measure indirect bilirubin to evaluate for Gilbert's syndrome (if direct bilirubin is within normal range, participant may be eligible) ALP 2.5 x ULN; Trabectedin: if the ALP is >2.5 x ULN, then an ALP liver fraction or 5-nucleotidase must be obtained and ULN, AST and ALT 2.5 ULN
  • Negative pregnancy test (urinary or serum beta-HCG) at screening (applicable to women of child bearing potential who are sexually active)
  • Female participants must be postmenopausal (no spontaneous menses for at least 2 years), surgically sterile (have had a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy, tubal ligation, or otherwise be incapable of pregnancy), abstinent (at the discretion of the investigator), or if sexually active, be practicing an effective method of birth control. Male participants must agree to use an adequate contraception method as deemed appropriate by the investigator (e.g., vasectomy, double-barrier, partner using effective contraception) and to not donate sperm for a minimum of 5 months after treatment discontinuation

Optional Extension Phase (OEP) Phase:

  • Documentation for inclusion criteria histologically proven, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic liposarcoma (dedifferentiated, myxoid round cell, or pleomorphic) or leiomyosarcoma. Participants must have a pathology report indicating the diagnosis of liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma that has been reviewed by the sponsor before randomization may occur and treated in any order with at least: an anthracycline and ifosfamide containing regimen, or an anthracycline containing regimen and 1 additional cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen do not need to be reviewed by the Sponsor
  • Collection of the specimen: Pathology specimens (example (e.g.), tumor blocks or unstained slides) for potential centralized pathology review and biomarker studies is not applicable
  • Documentation of inclusion criteria adequate organ function as evidenced by the following peripheral blood counts or serum chemistry values: hemoglobin 9 gram per deciliters (g/dL), absolute neutrophil count (ANC) 1,500/L, platelet count 100,000/L, serum creatinine 1.5*the upper limit of normal (ULN), creatine phosphokinase (CPK) 2.5*ULN and adequate hepatic function as evidenced by the following serum chemistry values: total bilirubin, ULN. If total bilirubin is greater than (>) ULN, measure indirect bilirubin to evaluate for Gilbert's syndrome (if direct bilirubin is within normal range, participant may be eligible) ALP <= 2.5*ULN; Trabectedin: if the ALP is >2.5*ULN, then an ALP liver fraction or 5-nucleotidase must be obtained and ULN, AST and ALT 2.5 ULN will be reviewed by the Sponsor before enrollment in the OEP may occur

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Potential participants who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from participating in the study: Prior exposure to trabectedin or dacarabazine, less than 3 weeks from last dose of systemic cytotoxic therapy, radiation therapy, or therapy with any investigational agent, other malignancy within past 3 years. Exceptions: basal or nonmetastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, cervical carcinoma in situ, or Federation Internationale de Gynecologie et d'Obstetrique (FIGO) Stage 1 carcinoma of the cervix
  • Known central nervous system metastasis
  • Known significant chronic liver disease, such as cirrhosis or active hepatitis (potential participants who test positive for hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C antibodies are allowed provided they do not have active disease requiring antiviral therapy)
  • Myocardial infarct within 6 months before enrollment, New York Heart Association Class II or greater heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, clinically significant pericardial disease, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemic or active conduction system abnormalities
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, poorly controlled hypertension or diabetes, ongoing active infection, or psychiatric illness/social situation that may potentially impair the participant's compliance with study procedures
  • Unwilling or unable to have a central venous catheter
  • Known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to trabectedin, dacarbazine, dexamethasone, or their excipients
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the well-being of the participant or the study or prevent the participant from meeting or performing study requirements

OEP phase:

  • Potential participants who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from Participating in the study: Prior exposure to trabectedin, less than 3 weeks from last dose of systemic cytotoxic therapy, radiation therapy, or therapy with any investigational agent, other malignancy within past 3 years. Exceptions: basal or nonmetastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, cervical carcinoma in situ, or Federation Internationale de Gynecologie et d'Obstetrique (FIGO) Stage 1 carcinoma of the cervix does not apply
  • Treated in any order with at least: an anthracycline and ifosfamide containing regimen, or an anthracycline containing regimen and 1 additional cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen with less than 3 weeks from last dose of systemic anticancer therapy, radiation therapy, or therapy with any investigational agent
  • Known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to dacarbazine does not apply
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01343277

  Show 89 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
PharmaMar
Investigators
Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01343277     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR018004  ET743SAR3007 
Study First Received: April 26, 2011
Results First Received: December 22, 2015
Last Updated: February 19, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration
New Zealand: Health Research Council
Brazil: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Advanced Liposarcoma or Leiomyosarcoma
Trabectedin
Yondelis
Dacarbazine
Anthracycline
L-sarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Liposarcoma
Leiomyosarcoma
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Sarcoma
Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue
Trabectedin
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2016