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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT01339052
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Phase II Study of BKM120 for Subjects With Recurrent Glioblastoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
University of California, San Francisco
University of California, Los Angeles
University of Utah
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Patrick Y. Wen, MD, Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: April 18, 2011
Last updated: January 18, 2017
Last verified: January 2017
BKM120 is a newly discovered drug that has been used in other research studies. Information from those other research studies suggests that BKM120 may help to slow or stop the growth of malignant gliomas. The purpose of this study is to see how well BKM120 works in patients with malignant gliomas. Patients on this study will be treated in two groups: patients who are going to receive surgery and those who will not receive surgery. This study is trying to determine how effective BKM120 is in stopping cancer cells from growing. For patients receiving surgery the research will also try to determine if an effective level of BKM120 can penetrate the brain before surgery.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug: BKM120
Procedure: Surgery
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of BKM 120 for Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma and Activated PI3K Pathway

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Patrick Y. Wen, MD, Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Cohort I: To evaluate PI3K pathway modulation of BKM120 in tumor tissue. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    PI3-Kinase pathway modulation will be measured using immunohistochemistry analyses of unstained tumor tissue to identify PI3-Kinase mutations including PIK3CA mutations, PTEN mutations, and PTEN deletion by immunohistochemistry. Expression of pAKT will also be analyzed using immunohistochemistry.

  • Cohort II: To investigate the treatment efficacy of BKM120 in participants with recurrent GBM as measured by 6-month progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Treatment efficacy will be based upon 6-month progression-free survival status. Progressive disease is defined using RANO (Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology criteria.

  • Cohort I: To evaluate BKM120 concentration in tumor tissue, plasma, and cerebrospinal fluid. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Blood will be collected over various time points prior to surgery to determine individual pharmacokinetics. During surgery, tumor tissue, plasma, and cerebrospinal fluid will be collected simultaneously. Tumor and plasma concentrations of the drug will be measured by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry to derive a tumor/plasma ratio. Descriptive statistics (mean, SD, CV% or median (range)) will be performed on all plasma concentration-time data and derived PK parameters.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Cohort I: To evaluate effects of BKM120 on tumor cell proliferation and tumor cell death [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Modulation in pAKT scoring as measured by reduction of staining intensity of one degree or more will be reported as consistent with a positive response to drug. In addition, participants will be independently scored as a positive response if a reduction in the percentage of pAKT positive cells within a tumor is greater than 50%, and therefore less likely due to normal geographic variation in positivity patterns. All pathway modulation scores will be correlated with effects on tumor growth by measuring Ki-67 (proliferation) and cleaved caspase 3 (CC3) (apoptosis/cell death).

  • Cohort I: To investigate the safety profile of BKM120 in participants with recurrent GBM [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    To assess the probability of toxicity associated with the treatment, the proportion of subjects with different grades of toxicities will be analyzed in order to further expand the safety profile for BKM120.

  • Cohort I: To investigate pharmacokinetics of BKM120 in this population [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Pharmacokinetic parameters of BKM120 will be determined, either using a two-stage compartmental analysis or using a non-linear mixed-effect approach. Pharmacokinetic parameters that will be derived include, but are not limited to oral drug clearance (CL/F), central and peripheral volume of distribution (V1 and V2) and absorption rate constant (Ka). Descriptive statistics (mean, SD, CV% or median (range)) will be performed on all plasma concentration-time data and derived PK parameters.

  • Cohort II: To investigate the radiographic response to BKM120 [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Participants will be evaluated for radiographic response. Response rate will be the proportion of participants with measurable disease who experience complete or partial radiographic response determined by the RANO Criteria

  • Cohort II: To investigate median progression free survival and overall survival of participants with recurrent GBM receiving treatment with BKM120 [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Median time to progression (defined using RANO criteria) and duration of survival will be measured in months for all enrolled cohort II participants.

Estimated Enrollment: 65
Study Start Date: May 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2017
Primary Completion Date: August 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cohort I: Surgical subjects
Subjects scheduled for surgery
Drug: BKM120
100 mg once daily, orally, for 28 days
Procedure: Surgery
Experimental: Cohort II: Non-surgical subjects
Subjects not candidates for surgery
Drug: BKM120
100 mg once daily, orally, for 28 days

Detailed Description:

For patients who will be having surgery, BKM will be taken orally for 8-12 days prior to surgery. Prior to surgery they will have a FDG-PET scan and during surgery a sample of tumor will be taken for research. Patients will resume oral BKM120 between 14 and 35 days after surgery.

For patients who are not having surgery and post-surgery patients, BKM120 will be taken orally for 28 days (1 cycle). Patients will continue on BKM120 as long as their brain tumor does not get worse and they do not have severe or intolerable side effects.

While on study, patients will have routine blood tests, a physical examination, and questionnaires to assess mood (each cycle), as well as an assessment of tumor by MRI or CT (~ every 8 weeks), and research blood samples at various timepoints for genetic studies and other tests that will measure any additional effect of the study drug and disease status. Participants may also be required to undergo a electrocardiogram and/or MUGA scan to monitor heart function during the study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must be able to understand and be willing to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Subjects must be able to adhere to the dosing and visit schedules, and agree to record medication times accurately and consistently in a daily diary.
  • Participants must be at least 18 years old.
  • Participants must have a Karnofsky performance status (KPS) ≥ 60. Nature of illness and treatment history
  • Participants must have histologically confirmed glioblastoma or variants. Participants will be eligible if the original histology was low-grade glioma and a subsequent histological diagnosis of glioblastoma or variants is made.
  • Participants may have had treatment for no more than 1 prior relapse(NOTE: Relapse is defined as progression following initial therapy (i.e., radiation ± chemotherapy)). The intent therefore is that patients had no more than 2 prior therapies (initial and treatment for 1 relapse). If the participant had a surgical resection for relapsed disease and no antitumor therapy was instituted for up to 12 weeks, and the participant undergoes another surgical resection, this is considered as a second relapse. For participants who had prior therapy for a low-grade glioma, the surgical diagnosis of a high-grade glioma will be considered the first relapse).
  • Participants must have shown unequivocal evidence for tumor progression by MRI or CT scan.
  • For Cohort 2, CT or MRI within 14 days prior to start of study drug. MRIs should include vascular imaging when possible. For Cohort 2, corticosteroid dose must be stable or decreasing for at least 5 days prior to the scan. If steroids are added or the steroid dose is increased between the date of the screening MRI or CT scan and the start of treatment, a new baseline MRI or CT is required. For Cohort 1 subjects, CT or MRI should be performed ideally within 14 days prior to study registration, but because the screening MRI for this subset of subjects will not be used for evaluation of response, it is acceptable for this MRI/CT to have been performed greater than 14 days prior to registration if unavoidable. Furthermore, for this same reason, fluctuation in corticosteroid dose around this MRI does not warrant repeat scan so long as there is documented unequivocal evidence of tumor progression available.
  • For Cohort 2, Immunohistochemical or genetic analysis on tumor tissue from a prior surgery must demonstrate activation of the PI3K pathway through one of the following: PIK3CA mutation of PIK3R1 mutation, PTEN negativity (<10% of tumor cells staining) oh immunohistochemistry, PTEN mutation (any), homozygous deletion of PTEN
  • Participants must have failed prior radiation therapy and must have an interval of at least 12 weeks from the completion of radiation therapy to study entry.
  • Participants must have recovered to a grade 0 or 1 from the toxic effects of prior therapy (with the exception of lymphopenia which is common after therapy with temozolomide).
  • From the projected start of scheduled study treatment, the following time periods must have elapsed: 4 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter)from any investigational agent, 4 weeks from cytotoxic therapy (except 23 days for temozolomide and 6 weeks from nitrosoureas), 6 weeks from antibodies, or 4 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) from other anti-tumor therapies.
  • Participants with prior therapy that included interstitial brachytherapy or stereotactic radiosurgery must have confirmation of progressive disease based upon nuclear imaging, MR spectroscopy, perfusion imaging or histopathology.
  • Participants having undergone recent resection of recurrent or progressive tumor will be eligible for Cohort 2 as long as the following conditions apply: a) They have recovered from the effects of surgery; b) Residual disease following resection of recurrent tumor is not mandated for eligibility. To best assess the extent of residual disease postoperatively, an MRI or CT scan should ideally been performed no later than 96 hours following surgery or at least 28-days postoperatively, but scans performed outside of this window are considered acceptable if no alternative is available. In either case, the baseline/screening MRI must be performed within 14 days prior to registration. If the participant is taking corticosteroids, the dose must be stable or decreasing for at least 5 days prior to the scan. If steroids are added or the steroid dose is increased between the date of the screening MRI or CT scan and the start of treatment, a new baseline MRI or CT is required.
  • Participants must have sufficient tissue from prior surgery for confirmation of diagnosis and correlative studies. Submission of tissue is to occur within 30 days after registration. The following amount of tissue is required: a) 25 unstained formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) sections (standard 4-5 micrometer thickness AND b)one of the following: i) At least 200 micrograms of frozen tissue OR ii)At least 10 (preferably 20) unstained FFPE sections of 10 micrometer thickness OR iii) At least 8 tissue cores from an FFPE block (200 micrometer total thickness of tissue from a block with a total surface area of 0.5 cm2)
  • Clinical laboratory tests within 14 days prior to enrollment meeting the criteria listed in the protocol
  • Cardiovascular assessment: baseline MUGA or Echocardiogram must demonstrate LVEF ≥ 50 %
  • Electrocardiogram must demonstrate QTc interval of less than 480 msec
  • Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with appropriate clinical profile (e.g., age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or six months of spontaneous amenorrhea with serum FSH levels > 40 mIU/mL and estradiol < 20 pg/mL or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential.
  • Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP), defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, must use highly effective contraception (defined in protocol) during study treatment and for 16 weeks after study discontinuation.
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and within 48 hours prior to dosing with the study drug.
  • Fertile males, defined as all males physiologically capable of conceiving offspring, must use condom during study treatment and for 16 weeks after study discontinuation and should not father a child in this period.
  • Female partner of male study subject should use highly effective contraception while receiving study agent and for 16 weeks after final dose of study therapy.

Cohort 1 Inclusion Criteria (In addition to the general eligibility criteria, participants in the Cohort 1 preoperative portion of the study must meet the following criteria on screening examination to be eligible):

  • A participant who is deemed by the site Investigator to be an appropriate candidate for surgical resection may be enrolled in the Cohort 1 preoperative study.
  • There must be sufficient recurrent tumor to allow at least 400mg of tissue to be collected ( 2 X 0.5 cm3) for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic analysis.
  • Central Immunohistochemical analysis (by Dr. Ligon at DFCI) on tumor tissue from an earlier surgery must indicate pAKT positivity (1-2+ on a 0-2+ scale). [Cohort I patients' tissue may also demonstrate activation of the PI3K pathway via one of the criteria listed for Cohort 2 participants, but this is not mandatory.]

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who have received prior treatment with a P13K inhibitor, AKT inhibitor, mTOR inhibitor (e.g. rapamycin, MK2206, perifosine etc.).
  • Participants who have received anti-angiogenic or anti-VEGF targeted agents (e.g. bevacizumab, cediranib, aflibercept, vandetanib, XL184, sunitinib etc).
  • Participants taking an enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drug (EIAED): phenobarbital, phenytoin, fosphenytoin, primidone, carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, eslicarbazepine, rufinamide, and felbamate. Participant must be off any EIAEDs for at least two weeks prior to starting study drug. A list of EIAED and other inducers of CYP3A4 is provided in Table C-3 of Appendix C of the protocol.
  • Participants taking a drug known to be moderate and strong inhibitors or inducers of isoenzyme CYP3A (protoocol Appendix C). Participant must be off CYP3A inhibitors and inducers for at least two weeks prior to starting study drug. NOTE: participants must avoid consumption of Seville orange (and juice), grapefruit or grapefruit juice, grapefruit hybrids, pummelos and exotic citrus fruits from 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug and during the entire study treatment period due to potential CYP3A4 interaction.
  • Requirement of more than 8mg of dexamethasone daily.
  • Participants taking drugs with known risk to promote QT prolongation and Torsades de Pointes (refer to protocol).
  • Participants receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Current use of herbal preparations/medications, including but not limited to: St. John's wort, Kava, ephedra (ma huang), gingko biloba, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), yohimbe, saw palmetto, ginseng. Participants should stop using these herbal medications 7 days prior to first dose of study drug.
  • Current use of warfarin sodium or any other coumadin-derivative anticoagulant. Participant must be off Coumadin-derivative anticoagulants for at least 7 days prior to starting study drug. Low molecular weight heparin is allowed.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to BKM120.
  • History of intratumoral or peritumoral hemorrhage if deemed significant by the treating physician.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, chronic liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis, hepatitis), chronic renal disease, pancreatitis, chronic pulmonary disease, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements. Subjects must be free of any clinically relevant disease (other than glioma) that would, in the Investigator's opinion, interfere with the conduct of the study or study evaluations.
  • Individuals with a history of a different malignancy except for the following circumstances: if they have been disease-free for at least 3 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy, individuals with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 3 years: cervical cancer in situ, and basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • Known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Participants with history of protocol specified mood disorders as judged by the Investigator or a psychiatrist, or as result of participant's screening mood assessment questionnaire
  • Participants with diarrhea ≥ CTCAE grade 2
  • Participant has active cardiac disease including any of the following: Angina pectoris that requires the use of anti-anginal medications; Ventricular arrhythmias except for benign premature ventricular contractions; Supraventricular and nodal arrythmias requiring a pacemaker or not controlled with medication; Conduction abnormality requiring a pacemaker; Valvular disease with document compromise in cardiac function; Symptomatic pericarditis
  • Participant has a history of cardiac dysfunction including any of the following: Myocardial infraction within the last 6 months, documented by persistent elevated cardiac enzymes or persistent regional wall abnormalities on assessment of LVEF function; History of documented congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional classification III-IV; c)Documented cardiomyopathy; d) Congenital long QT syndrome
  • Participants with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (glycosylated hemoglobin > 8%) or poorly controlled steroid-induced diabetes mellitus (glycosylated hemoglobin > 8%)
  • Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of BKM120 (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or extensive small bowel resection). Participants with unresolved diarrhea will be excluded as previously indicated.
  • Participants who have undergone major systemic surgery ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01339052

United States, California
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
United States, Texas
UT, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
Sponsors and Collaborators
Patrick Y. Wen, MD
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
University of California, San Francisco
University of California, Los Angeles
University of Utah
Principal Investigator: Patrick Y Wen, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Patrick Y. Wen, MD, Director, Center For Neuro-Oncology, Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center Identifier: NCT01339052     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-033
Study First Received: April 18, 2011
Last Updated: January 18, 2017

Keywords provided by Patrick Y. Wen, MD, Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center:
Brain tumor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue processed this record on May 25, 2017