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Intervening to Improve Infant Health in Ghana

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01335490
First Posted: April 14, 2011
Last Update Posted: July 18, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves
Thrasher Research Fund
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Columbia University
  Purpose

The purpose of the study is to understand how cooking might affect the health of pregnant women and their babies.

The goal of the research is to determine whether, interventions in decreasing exposure to smoke from cook stoves can bring about a significant change in the indoor air pollution levels and health of communities in Ghana.

Hypothesis 1. Use of improved cook stoves starting by the third trimester pregnancy will lead to a significant increase in average birth weight in newborns.

Hypothesis 2. Use of improved cook stoves will lead to a significant reduction in the rate of severe acute lower respiratory disease during the first 12 months of life.


Condition Intervention
Very Low Birth Weight Baby Pneumonia Other: Cook stoves, either Biolite wood stove, or liquified petroleum gas stove plus fuel

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Intervening to Improve Birth Weight and Infant Respiratory Health in Rural Ghana

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Columbia University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Low birth weight [ Time Frame: Birth ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Acute lower respiratory disease [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Enrollment: 1414
Study Start Date: August 2013
Study Completion Date: March 2016
Primary Completion Date: March 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Biolite Cook Stove
Provision of two cook stoves to each subject. Each stove burns wood fuel, but more efficiently than a traditional three stone fire.
Other: Cook stoves, either Biolite wood stove, or liquified petroleum gas stove plus fuel
The cooking stoves will reduce air emissions significantly in the home, resulting in improved infant health. It will be given to the mother in the second or third trimester.
Experimental: LPG Cook Stove
Provision of a two-burner liquified petroleum gas stove to each subject, along with fuel needed for the family during the follow up period.
Other: Cook stoves, either Biolite wood stove, or liquified petroleum gas stove plus fuel
The cooking stoves will reduce air emissions significantly in the home, resulting in improved infant health. It will be given to the mother in the second or third trimester.
No Intervention: Control

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

A cluster was eligible to participate if it:

  • Is located in Kintampo North or South Districts (this is the core study area for KHRC)
  • Is primarily rural (in practice, this excludes Kintampo, which is a small city of approximately 40,000 people);
  • Is operationally feasible (in practice, this excluded a handful very small, isolated clusters that would have presented extraordinary logistical challenges);
  • Is home to women who primarily deliver at one of our four staffed birth facilities (in practice this excluded one village on the edge of the study area, in which women travel to another district for deliveries).

A woman will be eligible to participate in the study if she:

  • Is in the first or second trimester of pregnancy (gestational age ≤ 24 weeks gestation; this is to ensure that the intervention is actually delivered prior to 27 weeks)
  • Is carrying a live singleton fetus (twins will be excluded)
  • Is the primary cook in her household or compound; and
  • Is a non-smoker.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01335490


Locations
United States, New York
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Ghana
Kintampo Medical Research Center
Kintampo, Ghana
Sponsors and Collaborators
Columbia University
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves
Thrasher Research Fund
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Patrick Kinney, ScD Columbia University
  More Information