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The Effect of Pioglitazone on Neointima Volume and Characteristics Observed by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Soon Jun Hong, Korea University Anam Hospital Identifier:
First received: April 5, 2011
Last updated: March 1, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
Pioglitazone is used in the treatment of diabetic patients. Thiazolidinediones increase insulin sensitivity and show favorable effect on blood glucose levels and lipid profiles. The effect of pioglitazone on atherosclerotic and inflammatory markers has not been compared in prospective manner after everolimus-eluting stent implantation by OCT. The purpose of this prospective, randomized, open-label trial is to compare the effect of pioglitazone on neointima volume and atherosclerosis progression in type 2 diabetic patients by using OCT. Moreover, changes in neointima characteristics could be analyzed along with the changes in miRNA-21, -126, -143, -145. Major adverse cardiovascular events such as non-fatal MI, death, stroke, and TLR could be compared.

Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetic Stable Angina
Diabetic Unstable Angina
Drug: Pioglitazone
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Korea University Anam Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • 9 months follow-up neointima volume and neointima characteristics [ Time Frame: 9 months follow-up ]
    Comparison of pioglitazone and placebo on 9 months follow-up neointima volume and neointima characteristics by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Moreover, changes in miRNA-21.-126, -143, -145 from baseline to 9 months will be compared.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • major adverse cardiovascular events [ Time Frame: 9 months follow-up ]
    Comparison of pioglitazone and placebo on 9 months follow-up atheroma characteristics. Moreover, major adverse cardiovascular events such as non-fatal MI, death, stroke, and TLR will be compared.

Estimated Enrollment: 94
Study Start Date: February 2011
Study Completion Date: August 2013
Primary Completion Date: February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Pioglitazone, Placebo Drug: Pioglitazone
Pioglitazone 15-30mg, once daily for 9 months

Detailed Description:

People with diabetes mellitus are more prone to coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease, and diabetes mellitus has been regarded as an independent risk factor for the progression of coronary artery disease. Several studies have been reported that diabetes increased the risk of cardiovascular mortality in both men and women. With the introduction of drug-eluting stents (DESs), the angiographic rates of restenosis at later months have reduced dramatically in several studies. However, even with DESs, diabetic patients showed increased rates of restenosis and late loss index compared with nondiabetic patients. Diabetes has been considered to be a predictor of poor prognosis after percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents. Long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-metal stents (DESs) have been demonstrated to be worse in diabetic patients compared with nondiabetic patients. In the era of DESs, no study has demonstrated the clinical and angiographic outcomes in diabetic patients after DES implantation by using optical coherence tomography (OCT).

Various microRNAs such as miRNA-21, -126, -143, -145 are involved in the restenosis and atherosclerosis progression (Figure 1). Changes in these miRNAs from baseline to 9 months after randomization have never been studied, and the effects of pioglitazone in correlation with the changes in various miRNAs could be utilized in clinical practices. Comparison of pioglitazone and placebo on 9 months follow-up neointima volume and neointima characteristics by optical coherence tomography (OCT) will be conducted.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age: 18 years and above
  • Gender eligible for study: both
  • Diabetic patients either previously diagnosed or newly found diabetes.
  • Fasting blood glucose ≥ 126 mg/dl or PP2 blood glucose ≥ 200 mg/dl for newly found diabetes.
  • Patients with significant coronary artery disease (diameter stenosis > 70%) requiring stent implantation.
  • Patients with informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diabetic patients with the use of thiazolidinediones
  • ACE inhibitor or ARB not allowed during the study period
  • Previous history of PCI or bypass surgery
  • Patients with any contraindications to the treatment of thiazolidinediones
  • Pregnant or lactating patients
  • Chronic alcohol or drug abuse
  • Hepatic dysfunction
  • Renal dysfunction
  • Heart failure (EF < 50%)
  • Expected life expectancy of < 1 year
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01331967

Korea, Republic of
Korea University Anam Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 136705
Sponsors and Collaborators
Korea University Anam Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Soon Jun Hong, Associate professor, Korea University Anam Hospital Identifier: NCT01331967     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PRAISE II
Study First Received: April 5, 2011
Last Updated: March 1, 2014

Keywords provided by Korea University Anam Hospital:
optical coherence tomography
major adverse cardiovascular event

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Angina Pectoris
Angina, Unstable
Angina, Stable
Chest Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 23, 2017