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Remineralisation of White Spot Lesions by Elmex® gelée in Post-orthodontic Patients

This study has been completed.
PD Dr. Christian Heumann
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gaba International AG Identifier:
First received: April 1, 2011
Last updated: December 10, 2013
Last verified: May 2011
The aim of this study is to monitor the effect of intraoral topical high fluoride application on the development of white spot lesions (WSL) after orthodontic treatment with multibracket appliances and to compare it to a placebo.

Condition Intervention Phase
Tooth; Lesion, White Spot Lesions Drug: elmex® gelée Drug: negative control (placebo) Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: White Spot Lesion Development in Post-orthodontic Patients Following Weekly Application of a 1.25% Fluoride Gel Compared to Placebo Over 6 Months

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Gaba International AG:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • WSL-size change [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Changes in size of white spot lesions (WSL) at 12 weeks

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • WSL-size change [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 weeks ]
    Changes in size of WSL over study time

  • WSL-brightness change [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 weeks ]
    Changes in WSL brightness value (%)

  • WSL index on all upper front teeth [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 weeks ]

    Modified white spot lesion index (Gorelick et al. 1982):

    0: no white spot formation

    1. slight white spot formation, thin rim
    2. excessive white spot formation, thicker bands
    3. white spot formation with cavitation

  • Caries activity [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 weeks ]
    Caries activity index (LAA) according to the ICDAS II (Ekstrand et al. 2007)

  • Plaque index (Silness and Löe 1964)on all upper front teeth [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 weeks ]

    The grades will be assessed visually on all upper front teeth using a standard dental probe.

    (0) no plaque on inspection and probing

    1. thin plaque film on gingival margin, detectable only on probing
    2. moderate plaque film along the gingival margin, visually detectable even without probing
    3. a lot of plaque along the gingival margin, filling the interdental spaces

  • Gingival bleeding index on all upper front teeth [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 weeks ]

    Gingival bleeding index (Ainamo and Bay 1975). The following scores will be used:

    (0) no bleeding

    (1) bleeding occurs

  • DMFT index: Dental health of all teeth [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 weeks ]
    DMFT index according to Klein et al. (1938): Dental health of all teeth will be assessed with respect to decay (D), missing (M) or filling (F). The DMFT-Index will be calculated.

Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: March 2011
Study Completion Date: October 2013
Primary Completion Date: October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Test
1.25% fluoride (elmex® gelée)
Drug: elmex® gelée
1.25% fluoride (elmex® gelée) Dosage: Weekly brushing with 0.5g of respective gel Route: Intraoral topical
Other Name: elmex® gel
Placebo Comparator: Control
0% fluoride (negative control)
Drug: negative control (placebo)
0% fluoride (negative control) Dosage: Weekly brushing with 0.5g Route: Intraoral topical


Ages Eligible for Study:   11 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent
  • Healthy volunteers (≥11 years) scheduled for bracket removal
  • ≥ 1 WSL with a modified score 1 or 2 (Gorelick et al. 1982) on UFT at debonding

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known hypersensitivity or allergy to study products and standard toothpaste ingredients and/or dental material used in the present study
  • Known hypersensitivity or allergy to placebo gel ingredients
  • Alterations in the teeth's enamel, e.g. hypoplasia, fluorosis
  • Any illness/condition potentially affecting the study outcome at investigator's discretion
  • Known pregnancy or breast feeding during the course of the study
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01329731

Poliklinik für Kieferorthopädie, Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen
Giessen, Germany, D-35392
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gaba International AG
PD Dr. Christian Heumann
  More Information

Responsible Party: Gaba International AG Identifier: NCT01329731     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GASAS-1002X
2010-020538-24 ( EudraCT Number )
Study First Received: April 1, 2011
Last Updated: December 10, 2013

Keywords provided by Gaba International AG:
white spot lesion
initial caries
amine fluoride

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dental Caries
Tooth Demineralization
Tooth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Cariostatic Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on September 21, 2017