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Physical Activity in Patients With Severe Mental Illness

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of Aarhus Identifier:
First received: August 9, 2010
Last updated: April 4, 2011
Last verified: April 2011
The aim of the study was to evaluate the applicability of the Physical Activity Scale (PAS) in relation to patients with severe mental illness. The study hypothesised that physical activity levels among patients with severe mental illness was significantly lower than healthy controls. The physical activity level of patients with severe mental illness attending Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov in comparisons with healthy controls matched on gender and age was assessed with PAS.

Mental Disorders

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Physical Activity in Patients With Severe Mental Illness

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Aarhus:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Physical activity level [ Time Frame: The average physical activity level of the past week is assessed (one week) ]
    The physical activity level is assessed using the Physical Activity Scale, which is based ion the concept that the intensity of physical activity can be expressed in metabolic equivalents.

Enrollment: 75
Study Start Date: March 2009
Study Completion Date: August 2009
Primary Completion Date: July 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Patients with severe mental illness
In-patients and out-patients with severe mental illness attending treatment at Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov.
Healthy controls
Healthy controls recruited from staff members at Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov

Detailed Description:

The study population of interest was psychiatric in- or outpatients from Aarhus University Hospital , Risskov, some of whom were referred for physiotherapeutic treatment. The patients were compared with healthy controls matched on gender and age, recruited from hospital staff including administrative employees.Patients and controls were included in the study after giving informed consent, according to the Declaration of Helsinki 2008. All participants assessed their physical activity level by completing the PAS questionnaire twice within a time period of 5-7 days for evaluation of the test-retest reliability of PAS. For patients, PAS was administered as an interview, and for controls as a self-questionnaire. Several physiotherapists (PTs) were involved in interviewing the patients.

In total, 47 hospitalized patients or outpatients and 28 controls were included in the study. In comparison with controls, the physical activity level of daily life of the patients was statistically significantly lower, even though the average physical activity level of the healthy controls was just above 'moderate physical activity'.

There was a satisfactory test-retest reliability of PAS when applied to both mentally ill patients and healthy controls. PAS was found to be an applicable method for evaluating physical activity levels in patients with severe mental illness, and also useful in measuring changes in physical activity levels.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Psychiatric in- and outpatients admitted to Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov, Denmark

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All in and outpatients attending psychiatric treatment at Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Physical disablement, subject to coercive treatment
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01329094

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Aarhus
Principal Investigator: Lene N Jacobsen, PT, Msc Aarhus University, Risskov
  More Information

Responsible Party: Lene Nyboe Jacobsen, Aarhus University Identifier: NCT01329094     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Lene Nyboe Jacobsen 2
Study First Received: August 9, 2010
Last Updated: April 4, 2011

Keywords provided by University of Aarhus:
Severe mental illness
physical activity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mental Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders processed this record on May 25, 2017