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Relapsed Malignant Blood Cancer After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01326728
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : March 31, 2011
Last Update Posted : October 23, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:


Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (or allotransplant; donor blood stem cells) have been used with varying degrees of success as an immune therapy for blood-system cancers (leukemias, myelodysplastic syndrome, lymphomas, multiple myeloma, etc.). Some people s cancer remains active (comes back or continues to spread) after an allotransplant, while other people s cancer disappears and they are hopefully cured . NIH researchers are studying the reasons for these different treatment outcomes, and trying to develop better cancer treatments for people with active cancer after allotransplant. Researchers are collecting data from people who have had allotransplants for a cancer of the blood, whether or not the cancer is in remission, and from their donors. Those with active cancers may be eligible to participate in one of several NIH studies testing treatments for active cancer after allotransplant.


  • To develop a systematic, comprehensive evaluation of individuals with relapsed malignant blood cancers after allotransplant (and, if available, their donors) to identify potential treatment study options
  • To compare the immune system after allotransplant between people whose cancers are growing with people whose cancers remain in remission.
  • To compare the immune system after cancer relapse/progression treatment between people whose cancer responds to treatment with those whose cancers continue to grow.


  • Individuals whose blood system cancer grows or comes back after receiving allotransplant treatment.
  • Individuals whose blood system cancer is responding or in remission 100 days or more after receiving allotransplant treatment.
  • Related stem-cell donors of eligible allotransplant recipients.


  • Participants will be evaluated with a full physical examination, detailed medical history (for recipients, including a history of allotransplant treatment process, side-effects, etc.), and blood tests. Recipients will also have imaging studies, possible tissue biopsies, quality of life questionnaires/assessments, and other tests to evaluate the current state of their cancer, whether active or in remission. In some cases, it may be possible to substitute results from recent tests and/or biopsies.
  • Healthy related donors will have apheresis to provide white blood cells for study and/or for use in potential treatment options. If stem cells would be medically helpful to a recipient, their donors might be asked to take injections of filgrastim before the apheresis procedure to stimulate the production of stem cells for collection.
  • As feasible, all recipients will be asked to return to the NIH for detailed follow-up visits in conjunction with 6, 12, and 24 months post-allotransplant evaluations, and may be monitored between visits.
  • Recipients whose cancers are active and who are found to be eligible for treatment protocols at the NIH will continue to be monitored on this study while participating on treatment protocols. Return visits and follow-up tests for this study will be coordinated with those required by the treatment protocol.
  • Participants may return in the future to be evaluated for new treatment study options (recipients) or additional cell donations for therapy (donors).

Condition or disease
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Hodgkins Lymphoma Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma

Detailed Description:


  • Cancer relapse is a significant clinical problem following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allotransplant), affecting up to half of all patients. Effective treatment options are extremely limited and, for most cancers, rarely curative.
  • Several CC protocols are evaluating treatment for post-allotransplant relapse. Relapse often progresses quickly; patients require rapid assessment of protocol options in order to expedite initiation of treatment.
  • Basic information is needed to improve management of relapse after allotransplant clinical information regarding risk of relapse and cancer behavior after allotransplant, and information on the biology of relapse after allotransplant in order to identify risk factors, target prevention strategies, detect early relapse and develop effective treatments.


Primary Objective:

To provide a mechanism for systematic, comprehensive evaluation of individuals with relapsed hematologic malignancy after allotransplant and, if available, their donors, to streamline identification of protocol options, enrollment and initiation of therapy.


  1. Individuals who have received allotransplant treatment for hematologic malignancy ("Recipient-Subjects"). Analyses (secondary aims) will consider two comparison cohorts:

    1. Relapse Cohort: Cancer progression, relapse or persistently stable (unremitting) disease
    2. Remission (Control) Cohort: Cancer response or remission at/after Day 100
  2. Individuals who are being enrolled on Clinical Center protocols to undergo allotransplant therapy for hematologic malignancies and are being evaluated at the Clinical Center for planned allotransplantation. ( Recipient-Subjects )
  3. Related donors of eligible allotransplant recipients ("Donor-Subjects")


  1. Recipient-Subjects will have clinical and research evaluations at baseline and three and six months post-allotransplant, at six-month intervals through three years post-allotransplant, then yearly. Evaluation after relapse treatment response and for new protocol options is


  2. Donor-Subjects will be enrolled at the time of their clinical evaluation and cell collection for Recipient-Subject therapy. Return evaluation for additional clinical product collection is permitted.
  3. Accrual Ceiling: 500 consented subjects (350 Recipient-Subjects and 150 Donor-Subjects) over 5 years, averaging 70 Recipient-Subjects and 30 Donor-Subjects enrolled per year.

Study Design

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 56 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Study of the Biology and Natural History of Disease Outcomes in Patients Treated With Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Hematologic Malignancies
Study Start Date : March 30, 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 19, 2017

Groups and Cohorts

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Provide a mechanism for systematic, comprehensive evaluation of individuals with relapsed hematologic malignancy after allotransplant [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes


  1. Individuals who are candidates for allotransplant therapy for hematologic malignancies and are being evaluated at the Clinical Center for planned allotransplantation.
  2. Individuals who have received allotransplant treatment for hematologic malignancy and have:

    1. Hematologic recovery after allotransplant: e.g., have had neutrophil recovery to 500 cells/mcL. Secondary cytopenias or cytopenias due to disease progression will be permitted. Note: this requirement will not apply to subjects enrolling pre-transplant, i.e, who receive transplant-related medical care at the CC.
    2. An ongoing relationship with a primary oncologist who will continue to provide continuity of care during and after study participation.
    3. Following record review and information exchange between the patient s primary oncologist and the NCI PI/Designee, the PI/Designee determines that the individual reasonably could be expected to safely tolerate travel to and from the CC to undergo evaluation as defined in the protocol, in the event that the patient is ineligible or uninterested in participating in open treatment protocols.
  3. 18-99 years.
  4. Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.


  1. Individuals who are/will be the donors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants received by Recipient-Subjects who are to be enrolled on this protocol.
  2. Age 18-99 years.
  3. Ability of the subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  4. Individuals with evidence of infection with transfusion-transmittable agents (Hepatitis B and C Viruses (HBV, HCV); Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV (Omega)), Human TLymphotrophic Virus (HTLV I/II), West Nile Virus (WNV) and Trypanosoma cruzi) will not be excluded from study participation. However, Donor-Subjects with evidence of HIV infection will only be able to donate cells for research. Donors with a history of HBV or HCV infection will be able to donate for research, and may be eligible to donate for therapeutic administration. However, determination of permissibility for clinical donation will require a hepatology consultation and the consent of the intended recipient after discussion of the risk/benefit of the donor cell product and the possibility/consequences of transmission. The PI/Designee will make the final determination of permissibility of donation for recipient cell therapy.

6. Unrelated donor selection will be in accordance with the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) standards. When a potentially eligible recipient of an unrelated donor product from an NMDP Center is identified, the recipient will complete an NMDP search transfer request to allow NIH NMDP staff to contact the NMDP Coordinating Center, who will, in turn, contact the donor s prior Donor Center. The NMDP Policy for Subsequent Donation Requests will be followed and the appropriate forms (Subsequent Donation Request Form and Therapeutic T Cell Collection Prescription Form) will be submitted as required.



  1. Individuals with rapid disease progression or aggressive cancer histology who, in the opinion of the PI/Designee, require urgent therapy within 30 days in order to preserve organ function or quality of life. This restriction will not apply if there is no approved therapy with a reasonable chance of disease response, if the patient does not have access to an effective therapy and the patient appears to be eligible for an accruing CC treatment protocol or if the patient is enrolled on an NIH/CC clinical protocol, e.g., allotransplant protocol.
  2. Pregnancy or lactating. Additionally, Recipient-Subjects of childbearing potential that will receive cancer treatment under this protocol must be willing to use an effective method of contraception.


1. Adult donors who are not eligible for clinical donation will not be excluded from study participation, but will only be able to donate cells for research.

Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01326728

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Ronald E Gress, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01326728     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 110125
First Posted: March 31, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 23, 2017
Last Verified: October 19, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Hematologic Malignancy
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Hodgkin Lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Myeloid
Hodgkin Disease
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases