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Bortezomib, Vorinostat and Dexamethasone for Relapsed/Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01312818
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow accrual)
First Posted : March 11, 2011
Results First Posted : May 15, 2015
Last Update Posted : December 28, 2017
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota

Brief Summary:
Both of bortezomib and vorinostat have identified Phase II doses for pediatric and adult patients of which no grade 4 dose limiting toxicities have been observed in prior studies. The pre-clinical synergy of these 2 agents when used in combination along with the lack of over-riding toxicities and different mechanisms of action provide strong rationale for a clinical trial investigating bortezomib and vorinostat in combination. This trial will use the identified Phase II dose which is at or below the maximum tolerated dose for both agents which have very acceptable toxicity profiles and such should prove feasible and tolerable in this relapsed/refractory ALL population.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Drug: Bortezomib Drug: Vorinostat Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Methotrexate Drug: Imatinib mesylate Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a phase II study of bortezomib 1.3 mg/m^2 by intravenous pyelogram (IVP) on days 1, 4, 8, and 11, vorinostat 180 mg/m^2 by mouth (PO) per day (not to exceed 400 mg per day) days 1-14, and dexamethasone 6 mg/m^2 PO days 4-15 for the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). No more than 3 treatment courses may be given.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Therapeutic Trial of Bortezomib (Velcade), Vorinostat (SAHA) and Dexamethasone for Relapsed/Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Study Start Date : June 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Chemotherapy
Bortezomib IV Vorinostat PO Dexamethasone PO Intrathecal Methotrexate Imatinib Mesylate PO (for Ph+ ALL patients only)
Drug: Bortezomib
1.3 mg/m^2 by intravenous pyelogram (IVP) over 3-5 seconds on days 1, 4, 8 and 11.
Other Name: Velcade(R)

Drug: Vorinostat
180 mg/m^2 (max dose 400mg) by mouth (PO) divided twice a day (BID) on days 1-14
Other Names:
  • suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA)
  • Zolinza

Drug: Dexamethasone
6 mg/m^2 by mouth (PO) divided twice a day (BID) on days 4-15.
Other Name: Decadron

Drug: Methotrexate
Intrathecal Methotrexate at age based dose on day 1 (repeat on day 15 or 16 for CNS positive patients only)
Other Names:
  • Trexall
  • amethopterin

Drug: Imatinib mesylate

For Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients only:

Imatinib Mesylate is allowable at 340 mg/m2 PO once a day (rounded to the nearest 100 mg) for age ≤18 years and 400 mg for >18 years on Days 1-16.

Other Name: Gleevec(R)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Subjects Who Achieved Complete Remission of Their Disease [ Time Frame: Day 30 ]
    Complete Remission (CR): A CR requires that the following be recorded concurrently: an absolute neutrophil count (segs and bands) > 1000/μL, no circulating blasts, platelets > 100,000/μL; adequate bone marrow cellularity with trilineage hematopoiesis, and < 5% marrow leukemia blast cells. All previous extramedullary manifestations of disease must be absent. If patients continue on with treatment, there can be no evidence of recurrence of ALL for at least 4 weeks.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Subjects Experiencing Drug Related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Treatment to 30 Days Post Treatment ]
    To characterize the toxicities of bortezomib, vorinostat and dexamethasone when used in combination. Toxicity will be graded using the NCI's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE 4.0).

  2. Number of Subjects With Activated Caspases and Other Regulators of Apoptosis [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to 30 Days After Last Dose ]
    Activation of caspases and other regulators of apoptosis in treated blast cells will be determined by Western analysis (correlative lab analysis).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 30 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of lymphoblastic lymphoma or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with ≥ 5% blasts in the bone marrow (M2/M3) with or without extramedullary disease that meets one of the following criteria:

    • Refractory Disease/Induction Failure: Failure to achieve initial remission after 2 attempts of standard induction therapy
    • Relapsed Disease: Patients in relapse #1 or higher for whom standard curative therapies or therapies to prolong survival do not exist.

Patients who are Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph + ALL) are eligible provided they are not imatinib resistant or intolerant.

Patients with CNS positive disease will be eligible.

  • Age 2 to 30 years
  • Karnofsky ≥ 50% for patients 16 years and older and Lansky status ≥ 50 for patients under 16 years of age.
  • Patients must have a life expectancy ≥ 8 weeks as determined by the enrolling investigator.
  • Have acceptable organ function as defined within 7 days of starting treatment:

    • Renal: creatinine clearance ≥ 70ml/min/1.73m^2 or serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dl) 0.8 for 2 years to <6 years; 1.0 for 6 years to <10 years; 1.2 for 10 years to <13 years; 1.5 male and 1.4 female for 13 years to <16 years; 1.7 male and 1.4 female for ≥ 16 years
    • Hepatic: ALT < 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) and total bilirubin ≤ 1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age.
    • Cardiac: left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 40% by echocardiogram/multi gated acquisition scan (ECHO/MUGA). Normal QTc on electrocardiogram (EKG) (not to exceed upper limit of normal - men: 430 milliseconds (ms); women: 450 ms; children up to 15 years: 440 ms).
  • Prior Therapy:

    • Patients must have recovered from the non-hematologic toxic effects of all prior therapy before entry onto this trial. Recovery is defined as a Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 toxicity grade <2, unless otherwise specified in the Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria.

Cytotoxic therapy: Patients must have had their last dose of chemotherapy at least two weeks prior to study entry.

  • Hematopoietic growth factors: At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a growth factor and at least 14 days since pegfilgrastim (Neulasta®) administration.
  • Biologic (anti-neoplastic) therapy: At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair.
  • Monoclonal antibodies: At least 3 half-lives of the antibody after the last administration of a monoclonal antibody.
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT): Patients who have experienced their relapse after a HSCT are eligible, provided they have no evidence of Graft-versus-Host Disease (GVHD).

    • Women of child bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], surgical sterilization, subcutaneous implants, or abstinence, etc.) for the duration of treatment and for 2 months after the last dose of chemotherapy. Sexually active men must agree to use barrier contraceptive for the duration of treatment and for 2 months after the last dose of chemotherapy.
    • Voluntary written consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject/guardian at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating. The agents used in this study are known to be teratogenic to a fetus and there is no information on the excretion of agents into breast milk. Confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening. Pregnancy testing is not required for surgically sterilized women.
  • Known hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron or mannitol or any of the agents or their ingredients used in this study.
  • Inability to swallow capsules.
  • Grade 2 or greater peripheral neuropathy within 14 days before study registration.
  • Patients with untreated positive blood cultures or progressive infections as assessed by radiographic studies.
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure (appendix VI), uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at Screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  • Serious concomitant medical or psychiatric disorders (e.g., active infection, uncontrolled diabetes) that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the safety of the patient or likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study.
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 3 years of enrollment, with the exception of complete resection of basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, an in situ malignancy, or low-risk prostate cancer after curative therapy.
  • Patient has received investigational drugs within the 14 days before study registration.
  • Radiation therapy within 3 weeks before registration. Enrollment of patients who require concurrent radiotherapy (which must be localized in its field size) should be deferred until the radiotherapy is completed and 3 weeks have elapsed since the last date of therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01312818

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United States, Minnesota
Masonic Cancer Center, University if Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Michael Burke, MD Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota

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Responsible Party: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota Identifier: NCT01312818     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2008LS113
MT2008-33R ( Other Identifier: Blood and Bone Marrow Transplantation Program )
1010M91973 ( Other Identifier: IRB, University of Minnesota )
X05323 ( Other Identifier: Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. )
First Posted: March 11, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 15, 2015
Last Update Posted: December 28, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Imatinib Mesylate
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action