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Surveillance and Follow-up for Latent Tuberculosis Infection and Risk of Developing Active Tuberculosis in Patients Receiving Long-term Dialysis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Taiwan University Hospital Identifier:
First received: March 8, 2011
Last updated: December 3, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
To follow-up the latent tuberculosis infection and the risk of developing active tuberculosis in patients receiving long-term dialysis

To Predict the Potential of Development of Active Tuberculosis in Those Receiving Long-term Dialysis by Using Interferon-gamma Release Assy

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Surveillance and Follow-up for Latent Tuberculosis Infection and Risk of Developing Active Tuberculosis in Patients Receiving Long-term Dialysis

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Development of active tuberculosis [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Enrollment: 234
Study Start Date: February 2011
Study Completion Date: November 2013
Primary Completion Date: November 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
IGRA-positive group
The subjects who have positive results of interferon-gamma release assay
IGRA-negative group
The subjects who have negative results of interferon-gamma release assay

Detailed Description:

Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important infectious disease worldwide. Taiwan is still an edemic area. In 2008, there is an incidence of 62 persons having TB per 100,000 population. To control TB, we should prevent further TB transmission via early diagnosis and treatment of latent TB. In screening the risk population for TB, patients with renal failure acquiring long-term dialysis, in addition to close contacts, have higher incidence and mortality than general population. Moreover, the risk for active TB in dialysis patients is ten to 25 times larger. In Taiwan, the dialysis group is important because it has higher prevalence (2228 per in per million people by 2009 annual report of United States Renal Data System) than other countries in the world. In particular, the dialysis patients usually has an extrapulmonary presentation for their TB, so diagnosis is always delay. Hence, we should detect latent TB in those dialysis patients for monitor them from active tuberculosis.

Currently, interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) are used for finding out those with latent TB and have been proven useful for those being immunocompromised, and having BCG vaccination. For dialysis patients, IGRAs have been tested and been considered better than skin tuberculin test. However, previous studied rarely observed the patients receiving peritoneal dialysis. Besides, those cross-sectional studies used the indirect evidence for diagnosis and lacked longitudinal follow-up. We thus conducted this study for observing the prevalence of latent TB in those receiving hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis by using IGRAs. We also kept one-year follow-up for the primary outcome of active TB occurrence.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
The patients receiving long-term dialysis

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age equal to or more than 18-years old
  • having received dialysis more than 3 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Positive HIV test
  • Liver cirrhosis, Child-Pugh class C
  • Receiving long-term systemic corticosteroid use
  • Receiving chemotherapy within recent three months
  • Life span is less than one year
  • Being suspected to have active tuberculosis
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01311999

National Taiwan University Hospital
Taipei, Taiwan, 100
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Chin-Chung Shu, MD National Taiwan University Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Taiwan University Hospital Identifier: NCT01311999     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201009057R
Study First Received: March 8, 2011
Last Updated: December 3, 2013

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
latent tuberculosis, renal failure, dialysis, interferon-gamma release assay

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Latent Tuberculosis
Mycobacterium Infections
Actinomycetales Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents processed this record on April 27, 2017